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date: 21 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the history of Native American literature in the Northeast, focusing on some American Indian authors from the seventeenth to the first half of the nineteenth century. In particular, it looks at the letters, petitions, diaries, and other works by such writers as Captain Joseph Johnson, Ben Uncas, Henry Quaquaquid, Joseph Johnson, Jr., Joseph Brant, Samson Occom, Samuel Ashpo, and Hendrick Aupaumut and how they challenge the representation of Native Americans in James Fenimore Cooper’s novels The Pioneers (1823) and The Last of the Mohicans (1826). The article begins with a discussion of the proliferation of writing in Native networks in 1757, and how Indigenous literature became a vehicle for communication between Native people in distant places, as well as a tool of persuasion and protest against colonialism and Removal. It cites the alliance among Mohegans, Mohawks, and Mohicans on Lake George before offering a reading of Cooper’s novels.

Keywords: Native American literature, Northeast, American Indian authors, Native Americans, James Fenimore Cooper, The Pioneers, The Last of the Mohicans, Indigenous literature, colonialism, Removal

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