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date: 23 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the creation of Grup Yorum’s 2006 album Yıldızlar Kuşandık as an example of distributed music production. Yorum is well known for their unwavering socialist activism, and many members have been jailed for participation in demonstrations or for performing or broadcasting in Kurdish. Other members live in Germany and are unable to enter Turkey. Yet, members local and abroad—those in F-Type prisons and those free—collaborated on this album. Production was made possible by a host of mobile technologies: MP3 players brought arrangements and test mixes to those without studio access; hard drives and DVD-Rs transported digital audio workstation sessions on a daily basis between studios in Istanbul and Germany; and CD-Rs and flash drives connected Yorum with their record label.

Keywords: Grup Yorum, distributed production, sound recording, political music, minority language politics, Turkey, Turkish diaspora, digital technologies

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