- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Older Adults’ Perception of Social and Emotional Cues
- The Effects of Age on Memory for Socioemotional Material: An Affective Neuroscience Perspective
- Age Changes in Facial Morphology, Emotional Communication, and Age Stereotyping
- Do Everyday Affective Experiences Differ Throughout Adulthood?: A Review of Ambulatory-Assessment Evidence
- The Dynamics of Cognitive-Emotional Integration: Complexity and Hedonics in Emotional Development
- Putting Emotional Aging in Context: Contextual Influences on Age-Related Changes in Emotion Regulation and Recognition
- Positive Emotions and Health in Adulthood and Later Life
- Boundary Conditions for Emotional Well-Being in Aging: The Importance of Daily Stress
- Tasks, Capacities, and Tactics: A Skill-Based Conceptualization of Emotion Regulation Across the Lifespan
- Reconciling Cognitive Decline and Increased Well-Being With Age: The Role of Increased Emotion Regulation Efficiency
- Contextual Variation in Adults’ Emotion Regulation During Everyday Problem Solving
- Goals and Strategies for Solving Interpersonal Everyday Problems Across the Lifespan
- Goals, Strategies, and Well-Being Across Adulthood: Integrating Perspectives From the Coping and Everyday Problem-Solving Literatures
- My Heart Will Go On: Aging and Autonomic Nervous System Responding in Emotion
- Aging Influences on Judgment and Decision Processes: Interactions Between Ability and Experience
- Wisdom and Emotions
- Values Across Adulthood: A Neglected Developmental Construct Guiding Thought and Action Over Time
- Causal Attributions Across the Adult Lifespan
- Stereotype Threat in Older Adults: When and Why Does It Occur and Who Is Most Affected?
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the role of personal values in adult development. Personal values can be seen as higher order goals that an individual personally endorses and as a more general attitude about what people ought to do or what is generally important in life. Research has repeatedly demonstrated a gap between expressed values and actual behavior; nevertheless, we maintain that values can serve as an overarching cognitive compass to evaluate one’s future as well as past behaviors and goals. On the basis of empirical research on goals we posit that personal values and their function change over the lifespan. We argue that personal values might be especially relevant for life planning in adolescence and early adulthood and for life review in later adulthood.
Alexandra M. Freund, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich.
Johannes Ritter, University of Erfurt, Dept. of Psychology, Nordhaeuser Strasse 63, 99089 Erfurt (Germany)
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