- The Oxford Handbook of Critical Improvisation Studies
- Contributors to Volume 2
- Introduction: On Critical Improvisation Studies
- Improvisation Technology as Mode of Redesigning the Urban
- Lots Will Vary in the Available City
- Improvising the Future in Post-Katrina New Orleans
- Billy Connolly, Daniel Barenboim, Willie Wonka, Jazz Bastards, and the Universality of Improvisation
- A Computationally Motivated Approach to Cognition Studies in Improvisation
- A Consciousness-Based Look at Spontaneous Creativity
- In the Beginning, There Was Improvisation
- Landmarks in the Study of Improvisation: Perspectives from Ethnomusicology
- Saving Improvisation: Hummel and the Free Fantasia in the Early Nineteenth Century
- Negotiating Freedom and Control in Composition: Improvisation and Its Offshoots, 1950 to 1980
- Musical Improvisation: Play, Efficacy, and Significance
- Improvisation in Freestyle Rap
- Speaking of the I-Word
- Modernist Improvisations
- Diversity and Divergence in the Improvisational Evolution of Literary Genres
- Improvisatory Practices and the Dawn of the New American Cinema
- Brilliant Corners: Improvisation and Practices of Freedom in Sent for You Yesterday
- Improvisation in Contemporary Experimental Poetry
- Subjective Computing and Improvisation
- Improvisation and Interaction, Canons and Rules, Emergence and Play
- Imposture as Improvisation: Living Fiction
- Role-Play, Improvisation, and Emergent Authorship
- Bodies, Border, Technology: The Promise and Perils of Telematic Improvisation
- She Stuttered: Mapping the Spontaneous Middle
- Live Algorithms for Music: Can Computers Be Improvisers?
- Improvisation of the Masses: Anytime, Anywhere Mobile Music
Abstract and Keywords
In 1960, cinema critic Jonas Mekas welcomed the advent of the New American Cinema, praising the wave of independent movies produced in late 1950s for their casual and fragmentary nature. The key feature of these productions, which was particularly remarkable in the case of two major features—Shadows by John Cassavetes and Pull My Daisy by Alfred Leslie and Robert Frank—was an anti-Hollywood style that relied on improvisatory practices affecting all structural levels: from the acting to the montage, from the photography to the soundtrack. The style of this “spontaneous cinema” was a pastiche of multiple improvisatory practices, borrowed from bebop, beat poetry, and Stanislavsky’s acting techniques, which defied traditional cinematographic narratives. A close analysis of Shadows and Pull My Daisy reveals the multiple forms of improvisation that shaped these movies’ “spontaneous poetics” and the ways in which they both managed to bring improvisation into film art.
Sara Villa is an ICASP Postdoctoral fellow at CREUM Universite de Montreal with a research project focused on the influence of jazz improvisatory practices on the Beat Generation poetics.
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