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date: 16 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A substantial body of evidence indicates that an appropriate quantity and quality of sleep is necessary for healthy physical development as well as optimization of cognitive growth, academic success, and emotional well-being. These are key features of successful development. Inadequate or poor sleep impairs health, emotional regulation, and cognitive development. The many negative impacts of sleep deprivation and disturbance emphasize the need to provide health care professionals with the education and tools required to assist parents and their children to achieve the sleep required for healthy development. In the present review, therefore, we include sections for each of the traditional pediatric age groups: early postpartum and infancy, toddlers and preschoolers, school-age children, and adolescents. For each age period, we first briefly describe normal sleep behavior (which is more extensively reviewed in the first section of this book) and identify primary sleep issues of particular importance during different developmental periods that should be the focus of educational interventions. We then review and evaluate evidence-based pediatric sleep intervention curricula and programs that target such sleep issues. Next we suggest sleep promotion strategies that may be effective within particular areas of need. Finally, we discuss potential future directions for relevant health care professionals, including pediatricians and psychologists.

Keywords: sleep promotion, preventative interventions, prevention, sleep deprivation, sleep education, sleep hygiene, pediatric health care, sleep programs, sleep curricula

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