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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Sleep plays a central role in physical, emotional, and cognitive development. The increasing exposure to and use of substances has major effects on sleep and thus on development. In this chapter, we review the current status of illicit substance use and abuse in adolescents, the effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure and use of substances on the sleep of infants, children, and adolescents, the effect of disturbed sleep on subsequent substance use, and the effect of substance use and disturbed sleep on mental health. Expanded attention is given to substances that are widely available to adolescents including caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, and marijuana. The chapter concludes with a description of a successful demonstration project in which sleep disturbances in adolescents with a substance abuse history were treated.

Keywords: substance use, substance abuse, prenatal exposure, sleep disturbance, insomnia, cognitive behavioral therapy, caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, marijuana

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