Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The relationship between sleep and ADHD is not well understood. To identify research and practice priorities, meta-analytic, systematic, and narrative reviews were examined. Consistent findings across meta-analyses and systematic reviews (Level 1) included a discrepancy between parent-reported sleep problems and those identified on objective measures, increased motor movements during sleep, the absence of an ADHD-specific sleep architecture profile, and the need to consider confounding variables (e.g., age, comorbidity). Findings with some consistency across reviews (Level 2) included negative effects of medication on sleep, increased daytime sleepiness, and higher, but nonpathological, increases in sleep apnea indices in children with ADHD. Narrative reviews give comparable emphasis to Level 1 and 2 findings, underplaying confounding or moderating variables. Given the results of our review, we believe that it is important to conceptualize ADHD as a chronic and pervasive disorder that affects children not only during the day but also during the night. That is, ADHD is a 24-hour disorder.

Keywords: ADHD, sleep, children, assessment, intervention

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.