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date: 19 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Across the life span the presentation of disordered sleep varies greatly, but probably never more so than the changes that occur from infancy to adolescence. A major factor in this distinction is who reports the complaint. For infants and young children, parents are more likely to initiate contact with a professional with reports of insomnia that resembles limit setting, sleep onset association, or a combination of these two types. Conversely, older children and adolescents more often self-report difficulties, and their presentations typically consist of difficulties falling asleep and staying asleep. Children and their families experience adverse effects such as daytime sleepiness, depressed mood, and attention/concentration difficulties as a result of the child’s sleep disturbance. Across the ages, behavioral interventions are the treatment of choice with the addition of cognitive therapy for adolescents. The current chapter highlights the distinctions in presentation of pediatric insomnia from early childhood to adolescence and discusses the empirically validated treatments in each age group.

Keywords: pediatric, adolescent, insomnia, behavioral insomnia of childhood, pediatric insomnia treatment, adolescent insomnia treatment

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