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date: 24 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Behavior analysis is the scientific study of those interactions between individuals and their environment responsible for behavior change. Behavioral assessment and functional analysis are procedures that identify and quantify the causal and outcome variables in the behavior change process. This chapter summarizes a behavior analysis model of sleep in infants and children and discusses behavioral assessment and functional analysis as applied in family contexts to understanding and treating children’s sleep problems. It explains some key attributes of behavior analysis as a domain within psychology, shows how behavior analysis provides insight into the moment-by-moment interactional processes that contribute to the origin and maintenance of children’s sleep problems, and supplies a rationale for intervention guided by functional behavioral assessment and analysis.

Keywords: behavior analysis, discriminated operant, interviews, questionnaires, direct observations, reinforcement, pediatric sleep disturbance

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