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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Childhood sleep disruption is highly prevalent in today’s society due to multiple school and personal demands, clinical sleep disorders, and family schedules. Accumulating literature suggests that sleep disruption is associated with multiple behavioral, emotional, and cognitive deficits. Clearly, insults during childhood that affect learning and academic performance have great potential to impact educational achievement and subsequent career direction later in life. Although longitudinal studies are lacking and it is currently unclear whether sleep disruption truly causes cognitive deficits, small studies suggest that treating the underlying sleep disorder may improve cognitive ability. If so, poor sleep during the childhood years could have a major impact on public health. This chapter will review current literature that has investigated the associations between sleep disruption and cognition in children.

Keywords: intelligence, memory, executive function, sleep disruption, sleep disordered breathing

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