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date: 18 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article suggests that the emergence of the “First” or “Old” Palaces is generally considered to be the main event of the Middle Bronze Age on Crete. These “palaces” are widely believed to have emerged in Middle Bronze Age in several places on Crete (Knossos, Malia, Phaistos, Petras). In the last couple of years it has become clear, however, that some of these structures have a much older biography and in fact go back to the Early Minoan period. The designation “palace” and its interpretation as the residence of a king, as with many of our ideas about Minoan society, go back to Arthur Evans. The traditional definitions of “palace” were created on the basis of a single palace and a single phase, and any variation in time, form, and scale were not taken into account, thereby generating confusion as to whether some buildings should be identified as palaces or not.

Keywords: Middle Bronze Age, Crete, palaces, Knossos, Malia, Phaistos, Petras, Arthur Evans

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