Abstract and Keywords
This article argues that the Middle Helladic period is now seen as witnessing important social, political, and cultural changes that lead to the formation of the early Mycenaean polities and the later palatial states. It presents some of the new evidence, as well as new approaches to old data, which have brought about the modification of these earlier views. The core area of the Middle Helladic mainland includes the Peloponnese, Attica, Boeotia, Euboea, and coastal Thessaly, while the areas to the west and the north can be said to belong to the periphery of the Helladic world. The article focuses on the core areas of the southern mainland, although relations and exchanges with neighboring areas are also discussed.
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