Abstract and Keywords
The Cape Gelidonya shipwreck lies at the western side of the mouth of the Antalya Bay in southern Turkey. The current between these islands, especially when a calm allows water backed up in the Eastern Mediterranean by the summer's prevailing northwest wind to flow back westward, is as strong as any in the Mediterranean. Around 1200 bc, a vessel of unknown size seems to have ripped open its bottom on a pinnacle of rock on the northeast side of the third island from land. As it sank, artifacts were strewn from the opening in its hull until it settled around fifty meters away. Almost invisible, its metal cargo was nevertheless seen by Bodrum sponge diver Kemal Aras in 1954. In 1958, he described it to American photojournalist Peter Throckmorton, who was living on Captain Kemal's sponge-diving boat while both were writing about the sponge divers of Turkey and cataloging the ancient shipwrecks they showed him.
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