Abstract and Keywords
The elongated island of Kos, located in the narrow sea lane between the Dodecanese and Asia Minor, is one of the more fertile and better-watered islands of the Aegean. These factors determined its cultural development in prehistoric and historic times. Jar burials and a rounded built tomb were excavated in the wider area of Asklepieion, at Asklupi, as well as in the nearby territory of the present-day Hippokrateion Foundation. The most prominent burial was discovered at Mesaria. Within this jar burial, apart from the pottery, was a hoard of metal objects. This evidence strongly suggests a dispersed settlement pattern on low hills, where the settlements controlled substantial pieces of arable land bordered by streams in the middle of the island. It is remarkable, however, that during this period, which saw the rapid development of metallurgy, precious metal objects—mainly daggers—accumulated in burials, a fact that definitely points to the presence of an affluent society.
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