Abstract and Keywords
Thorikos is located in the southeastern part of Attica, some three kilometers north of the modern town of Lavrio, to the east of the Laurion ridge with its metalliferous resources, and facing the island of Makronisos. At Thorikos, the earliest find of litharge so far has been made in sector I53 on the Velatouri, where a long sequence could be revealed between the Final Neolithic and the Archaic period. Fragments of litharge were found on a soil that the excavator has dated to the end of the sixteenth century. This find has great importance since it is very close in time to the period of the first main monumental development at Thorikos in the early Mycenaean phase. It suggests that metallurgy could have given an impetus to local development and that those prerequisite conditions of development were indeed present at the very beginning of the Late Bronze Age.
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