Abstract and Keywords
Ancient Lerna forms a low mound of some 12,000 square meters on the west shore of Argos Bay, beside an abundant spring. The inhabitants had easy access to good farmland, timber, and main routes north to Argos and south into Arcadia. Excavation at the site was carried out in the 1950s by the American School of Classical Studies under the direction of John L. Caskey, when some twenty percent of the mound was excavated. Most of the deposits belong to the Neolithic and Early and Middle Bronze Ages; the preserved finds are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Argos. The Neolithic occupation at Lerna left three-meter-deep deposits, of which only little could be excavated. Some ten percent of the Neolithic ceramic material, most frequently the painted Urfi rnis (Urf), was preserved for study by Karen D. Vitelli.
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