Abstract and Keywords
Phaistos, identified by Captain T. Spratt in 1851–1853 and known then as Kastri, was systematically investigated by an Italian mission from June 1900 to 1909. Investigations were resumed from 1928 to 1932, during which time small soundings were conducted in order to verify the stratigraphy encountered, and a number of restoration and consolidation works were conducted that were concluded in 1936. The site is located in a readily visible position in the Mesara plain, which is crossed by the Ieropatomos River and bordered by Mount Ida to the north and the Asterousia mountain chain to the south. The earliest sign of frequentation dates back to the Final Neolithic period and is contemporary with the most recent of the ten levels identified in the test pits opened beneath the palace at Knossos.
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