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date: 10 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Palaikastro is fifteen kilometers south of Cape Sidero at Crete's northeastern tip. South of Kastri is the tiny sheltered harbor called Chiona, from the Ottoman word for “Customs House.” Overlooking this harbor is the rugged blue limestone peak rising 254 meters above the sea, called Mount Petsophas—“skin eater” in Greek. The remains of east Crete's most important Bronze Age peak sanctuary, the source of many terracotta figurines and stone vases inscribed with Linear A, are situated on the top of Mount Petsophas. Nestled at the foot of Petsophas's northern flank is a little vale called Roussolakkos, meaning “red pit,” named for its fine, impermeable building clay, which has a deep ruddy hue. The British School at Athens has carried out three excavation campaigns at Palaikastro. Robert Carr Bosanquet and Richard MacGillivray Dawkins directed the first campaign, which began in 1902 and lasted until 1906.

Keywords: Palaikastro, Crete, Mount Petsophas, Bronze Age, peak sanctuary, figurines, British School, Robert Carr Bosanquet, Richard MacGillivray Dawkins

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