Abstract and Keywords
The ancient name of the site of Malia is still unknown. Some suggestions have included setoija and Milatos, a place name assumed to have later moved eastward. Located in a fertile, terra rossa coastal valley a few hours by foot from the main Minoan site of Knossos and majestically encircled by the Selena mountains, Malia is a type site for Minoan archaeology for several reasons. Not only was it abandoned at the end of the Bronze Age and hence its ruins were less affected by later occupation, but it has also been more thoroughly excavated and documented than other Cretan sites. Its main contribution to Minoan archaeology concerns its Middle Bronze Age remains, which are exceptionally rich and well preserved. The site was discovered in 1915 by S. Xanthoudides, who, after making the discovery, grasped the size of the operation and invited the French School at Athens to continue his work from 1920 onward.
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