- The Oxford Handbook of American Islam
- The First Stirrings of Islam in America
- Muslim Immigration to America
- Imams and Chaplains as American Religious Professionals
- Islamic Organizations in the United States
- African American Muslims
- The Twelver Shi‘is in America
- Sufi Movements in America
- Muslim Minority Groups in American Islam
- Practicing Islam in the United States
- Shari‘a and Fiqh in the United States
- Muslim Women in the United States
- Marriage in American Muslim Communities
- Mosques in the United States
- Developments in Islamic Education in the United States
- American Muslim Youth Movements
- <i>Da‘wa in the United States</i>
- Islam in American Prisons
- Volunteerism among American Immigrant Muslims
- Muslim Americans and the Political System
- The Intellectual Contributions of American Muslim Scholars
- Muslim–Christian Relations in the United States
- American Muslims in the Age of New Media
- Muslim Artists in America
- American Mosque Architecture
- Islamic Dress and Fashion in the United States
- Health and Medicine among American Muslims
- Muslims in Film and Muslim Filmmaking in the United States
- American Muslims and Global Islam
- The War on Terror and Its Effects on American Muslims
- Islamophobia and Anti-Muslim Sentiment in the United States
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the work of five American Muslim scholars: Fazlur Rahman, Amina Wadud, Taha Jabir al-Alwani, Abdullahi Ahmed an-Naʿim, and M. A. Muqtedar Khan. Their contributions influence and inform the debates on a variety of issues, such as ijtihad, shari’a, gender equality, human rights, democracy and reform, and interfaith dialogue. These scholars agree that a crisis of thought exists in the Muslim world and that it was created because of the absence of ijtihad. They recognize that many problems plague the Muslim world and Muslim communities—problems partly engendered by taqlid and a reliance on old interpretations of the Qur’an. To solve them and achieve reform, justice, and gender equality, Muslim scholars should drive these debates forward through a commitment to continuous and progressive exegetical exercises. Thus this chapter outlines how each one of these five scholars explains and interprets these debates and assesses their attempts at reopening the doors of ijtihad.
Sara J. Chehab is Assistant Professor of International Relations at Zayed University in Dubai (UAE). Her research focuses on the political economy and society of the United Arab Emirates and US foreign policy in the Middle East. She holds a PhD in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Delaware which she obtained in May 2011.
Marvin R. Whitaker, Jr., is a PhD candidate at the University of Delaware in the Department of Political Science and International Relations. His most recent co-authored work (with M. A. Muqtedar Khan) is Islamic Reformers in North America, in Religious Leadership: A Handbook, Volume 2 (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2013).
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