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date: 28 May 2020

(p. 489) Index

(p. 489) Index

Aarim-Heriot, Najia, 248
Abelmann, Nancy, 324
Abiko, Kiyatao, 334
Aboriginal people (Canada), 126, 127
Acculturation, 284–85
Acheson v. Murakami, 440
Adachi, Ken, 145
Adams, John Quincy, 413
Adams, Romanzo, 76, 79
Adaptation, 284–85
Adios to Tears (Higashide), 44
Adopted Territory (Kim), 207, 212
Adoption, 110–11, 205–21, 471
Asian American studies on, 206–10
celebrity, 205–6
in Cold War era, 172–73, 175, 207, 209, 210, 217, 399
current trends in, 210–17
major receiving nations, 211, 212
major sending nations, 205
of mixed-race children, 209–10
number of, 205
Adorno, Theodore, 241
Ae Ran Won, 214
Affirmative action, 443, 457–58
Afghanistan, 52, 63
“Af-Pak” border territory, 52
African Americans, 5, 6, 113, 184, 206, 209, 225–35, 247–48, 352–53, 435, 440, 441, 476
Black Panther Party, 189, 192, 193, 230, 353
Black Power movement, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 193, 374
child abuse in, 288
Chinese Americans and, 226, 232
citizenship for, 434
education history of, 442, 454, 457, 460
Japanese Americans and, 111, 232–33, 448
Jim Crow system, 226, 241, 378
Korean Americans and, 226, 227–28, 233, 247, 323, 383, 444
South Asian Americans and, 51, 52, 54
urban history of, 373, 376, 377, 378, 383, 384, 385
World War II and, 232–33
After Postcolonialism (San Juan), 23
Agbayani Village, 375
Agency, 143
Agricultural workers, 300–301, 302, 304–5, 306–8, 311–12
Aguilar-San Juan, Karin, 386
Aguon, Julian, 25
Ah Quin, 350
Ahupua’a system, 74
AIIIEEEEE!!! (anthology), 193
Aikau, Eddie, 73
Aizumi, Marsha, 274
Akaka, Daniel, 339
AKConnection, 214
Alcantara, Ruben R., 314
Aldridge, Bob, 19
Alexander, Wallace M., 334
Alien and Asiatic in American Law, The (Konvitz), 446
Alien Justice (Daniels, ed.), 148–49
Alien land laws, 58, 306, 436, 442
Alien Nation (Young), 40
Alien Neighbors, Foreign Friends (Brooks), 111, 448
All Deliberate Speed (Wollenberg), 462
Almaguer, Tomás, 229, 231, 310
Aloha America: Hula Circuits through the U.S. Empire (Imada), 75
Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism (Silva), 25
Also-Known-As, 213
(p. 490) Alu Like, 80
Alumkal, Antony, 367
Amache internment camp, 425
Ambulatory approach to immigration, 392
Amerasia Journal, 1, 71, 99, 243, 272–73, 362, 368, 458
America Is in the Heart (Bulosan), 272
American Academy of Religion, 362
American Colonial State in the Philippines: Global Perspectives (Go and Foster, eds.), 23
American Communist Party (CPUSA), 186
American Educational Research Association, 459
American empire, 4, 13–29, 472, 473
indigeneity and, 21–25
labor and migration in, 14–18
militarism, nuclearism, and, 18–21
role in Asian American history, 253–66
toward a shared historiography of, 26–27
American Empire and the Politics of Meaning (Go), 23
American Federation of Labor (AFL), 310–11, 312, 313, 315
American (Amerasian) Homecoming Act of 1988, 92, 443
American Inquisition (Muller), 448
Americanization, Acculturation, and Ethnic Identity (Tamura), 455
Americanization of Micronesia, The: A Study of the Consolidation of U.S. Rule in the Pacific (Gale), 18
American Joint Committee for Assisting Japanese-American Orphans, 207
American Lake: Nuclear Peril in the Pacific (Hayes, Zarsky, and Bello), 19–20
American Land and Produce Company, 309
American Neo-Colonialism: Its Emergence in the Philippines and Asia (Pomeroy), 21–22
American Orientalism, 351, 352
American Pacificism: Oceania and the U.S. Imagination (Lyon), 24
Americans (Shirley), 146
Americans Betrayed (Grodzins), 137
Americans First (Wong), 147
American tropics, 13
American Tropics: Articulating Filipino America (Isaac), 23
American Workers, Colonial Power: Philippine Seattle and the Transpacific West (Fujita-Rony), 16, 385
Amer v. California, 442
Amity Foundation, 214
AMSA (Arab/Muslim/South Asian) category, 64
Anarchism, 57
Anderson, Benedict, 246
Anderson, Warrick, 22
Andrade, Carlos, 74
Angel Island Immigration Station, 397, 426
Anna and the King of Siam (Landon), 178
“Anticommunism and Academic Freedom” (Kumano), 462
Antonio, Carolyn, 184
Anzaldúa, Gloria, 273
Aoki, Richard, 189–90, 353
APA History Month, 417
“APA 101” (exhibit), 420
Appadurai, Arjun, 43
Arai, Clarence, 312
Ariyoshi, Koji, 310, 338
Arnold, Benedict, 416
Asahina, Robert, 146
Asato, Noriko, 462
Asian Adult Adoptees of Washington (AAAW), 213
Asian America (Daniels), 243–44
Asian American Hardcore, 191
Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 443
Asian American movement, 182–202, 208
civil rights vs. Third World solidarity in, 187
earliest writings on, 182–83
periodization of, 183–86
religion and, 361–62
21st century approaches to, 187–95
women in, 190–91, 194–95, 479
Asian American Movement, The (Wei), 187, 188, 457
Asian American panethnicity, 187–88
Asian American Plays for a New Generation (Lee et al. eds.), 216
Asian American Political Alliance (AAPA), 183, 184, 189, 192, 196
(p. 491) Asian American Reality conference, 191
Asian American Religions: Building Faith Communities (Kim and Min), 363
Asian Americans (Chan), 225
Asian Americans: An Interpretive History (Chan), 2, 16
Asian Americans: The Movement and the Moment (Louie and Omatsu, eds.), 184
Asian Americans and the Law: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives (McClain, ed.), 446–47
Asian American Sexualities (Leong, ed.), 273
Asian Americans for Action (AAA), 190, 196
Asian American studies, 2–3, 185, 190, 223, 424, 427, 458. See also Ethnic studies
on adoption, 206–10
religion and, 362
urbanism and origins of, 374–75
Asian American Women on Leadership (AAWOL), 363
Asian American Writer’s Workshop, 273
Asian Canadians, 116–32. See also specific ethnic groups
Asian American movement and, 195
Asian Americans compared with, 129–30
conformity to local customs in, 121–22
dispersed family networks in, 126–27
ethnic diversity of migrations, 125
exclusionary policies and, 116, 118, 123–24, 160, 162
limited popular use of term, 116, 128, 129
responses to discrimination by, 119, 120–21, 125–26
scholarship on, 128–29
vigilante violence against, 122
Asian Canadian studies, 116
Asian exclusion. See Exclusionary laws and policies
Asian North American Religious, Culture, and Society (ANARCS), 362
Asian Pacific American Center, 418
Asian Pacific American Religions and Research Initiative (APARRI), 362
Asian/Pacific Islander American Women (Hune and Nomura, eds.), 113
Asian Political Alliance (APA) of Detroit, 191
Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States (Barringer, Gardner, and Levin), 18
Asian Settler Colonialism (Fujikane and Okamura), 23, 259
Asians in America: Filipinos, Koreans, and East Indians (Melendy), 16
Asian Sisters, 191
Asian Slaves in Colonial Mexico (Seijas), 36
Asian Study Group, 361
Asian Women’s Journal, 469
Asiatic Barred Zone, 397, 436–37
Asiatic Exclusion League, 122
Assimilation, 239, 241, 249, 284, 353–54
behavioral, 242
benevolent, 255
education and, 289
religion and, 366–68
structural, 242
Associated Japanese Labor Union of Hawaii, 314
Association for Asian American Studies (AAAS), 3, 217
Association of Adopted Koreans (AKF), 212–13
Association of Korean Adoptees–San Francisco (AKASF), 213
Association of Southeast Asian Nations, 88
“Astronaut” fathers, 401
At America’s Gates (Lee), 43, 158–59, 447
At 40 (San Francisco State University), 190
Austin, Allan, 145, 463
Australia, 127
Authoritarian parenting, 288–89
Authoritarian personality, 241–42
Authoritarian Personality, The (Adorno), 241
Authoritative parenting, 288–89
Auyón, Eduardo, 33
Awaiaulu Press, 81
Azuma, Eiichiro, 112, 159–60, 233, 246, 247, 257, 258, 309, 348, 392, 393, 460–61
Bacchilega, Cristina, 73
Bachelor societies, 15, 268, 279, 435, 476, 477
Bahadur, Gaiutra, 39
Bailey, Thomas A., 445
Bald, Vivek, 38, 54, 59, 386
Baldoz, Rick, 16, 255
Baldwin, Roger, 351
(p. 492) Balikbayan, 402
Balkanization, 337
Bamboo People, The (Chuman), 446
Bangladesh, 403
Bankston, Carl L., III, 321
Bannai, Kathryn, 445
Bannai, Lorraine, 447
Bao, Quang, 273
Bao, Xiaolan, 112, 324, 325, 474
Baringer, Herbert R., 320
Barker, Holly M., 19
Barker, Joanne, 26
Barnum, P. T., 381
Barred Zone Immigration Act of 1917, 58
Barringer, Herbert R., 17–18
Barth, Gunther, 155–56, 246
Bascara, Victor, 23
Bases of Empire, The: The Global Struggle against U.S. Military Posts (Lutz), 21
Bates, Timothy, 322
Baumrind, Diana, 288
Beadie, Nancy, 460
Beamer, Kamana, 75
Beatie, Thomas, 274
Becket, Jan, 73
Beechert, Edward D., 314, 315, 316
Before Internment (Azuma), 348
Behavioral assimilation, 242
Bello, Walden, 19–20
Belloni, Robert C., 445
Belonging in an Adopted World (Yngvesson), 212
Bendetsen, Karl, 138–39
Benevolent assimilation, 255
“Benevolent Assimilation”: The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899–1903 (Miller), 18
Bengali Harlem (Bald), 38
Between the Lines (anthology), 273
Between Two Empires (Azuma), 112
Bhakna, Sohan Singh, 56
Biddle, Francis, 139, 438
Biddy Maso Wall, 383
Bigger, Earl Derr, 178
Bikinians, The: A Study in Forced Migration (Kiste), 19
Bindlemen/bindlestiffs, 305
Biography, 189–90
Biopolitics, 244, 248
Birthright citizenship, 120, 435, 439–40
Bishop Museum, 76, 80, 82, 420
Bitter Strength (Barth), 156, 246
Black, Brown, Yellow, and Left (Pulido), 192
Black, Lloyd D., 438
Black Legend discourses, 37
“Black Like Mao” (Kelley and Esch), 193
Black Milwaukee (Trotter), 377
Black Panther Party, 189, 192, 193, 230, 353
“Black Panthers, Red Guards, and Chinamen” (Maeda), 193
Black Power, Yellow Power, and the Making of Revolutionary Identities (Watkins), 193
Black Power movement, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 193, 374
Blade Runner (film), 384
Blanqueamiento, 32–33
Blendstrup, Angelika, 325
Blood of Government, The: Race, Empire, the United States and the Philippines (Kramer), 22
Boag, Peter, 270
“Boat people,” 92, 404, 443
Body Counts (Espiritu), 260
Boggs, Carl, 353
Boggs, Grace Lee, 191, 248, 353, 480
Bolivia, 44
Bonacich, Edna, 2, 242–43, 254, 308, 324, 391
Bonus, Rick, 16
Bordallo-Hofschneider, Penelope, 25
Borofsky, Robert, 24
Bounded solidarity, 321
Bound labor system, 299–300
Boyd, Brian, 214
“Brain drain,” 161, 174, 175, 379
Brando, Marlon, 178
Bravo for the Marshallese (Barker), 19
Brazil, 33–34, 44
Bridges at Toko-ri, The (Michener), 178
Briggs, Laura, 211
Brilliant, Mark, 448
Brock, Rita, 477
Brokering Belonging (Mar), 447
“Brokering Race, Culture, and Citizenship” (Azuma), 257
Brokers for Empire (Uchida), 258
Bronzeville, 384
Brookes, Jean Ingram, 14
Brooks, Charlotte, 111, 247, 448
Brooks, Van Wayck, 351
Brown, Emily, 347
Brown, H. Rap, 190
Brown Power movement, 188
Brown v. Board of Education, 442
Brunei, 88
Bryan, William Jennings, 108
Buck, Elizabeth, 80
Buck, Pearl S., 172, 207, 210, 352–53
Buddhism, 94, 141–42, 143, 360, 365, 366
Building Filipino Hawai‘i (Labrador), 17
Buke Mele Lahui, 80–81
Bulosan, Carlos, 186, 272, 355, 422
Burakumin, 112
“Buried pasts,” 8n5, 112, 380, 390
Burlingame Treaty of 1868, 435
Burma (Myanmar), 88
Burmese Americans, 94–95, 97, 100
Burns, Lucy Mae San Pablo, 23
Buschmann, Rainer, 35
Bush, George H. W., 246
Bushnell, O. A., 76
Busto, Rudy, 363–64, 366–67
Butler, Judith, 460
By Order of the President (Robinson), 139, 447–48
Cabezas, Amando, 320
Cable Act of 1922, 448, 472
Camacho, Julia, 43, 247, 393
Camacho, Keith, 21, 25, 258, 259
Cambodia, 88, 90, 91
Cambodian Americans, 96, 100
adoptees, 205
contemporary immigration, 405
education history of, 287
legal history of, 443
socioeconomic status of, 320
war and migration patterns in, 92
Cambridge History of Pacific Islanders, The (Denoon), 17
Camp, Edgar, 438
Campaign for Political Rights on the Island of Guam, The, 1899–1950 (Bordallo-Hofschneider), 25
Campomanes, Oscar V., 160
Camp Pendleton, 92
Canada Citizenship Act of 1947, 120
Canadian Pacific Railway, 41, 118–19, 123, 301
Canned-salmon industry, 17, 271, 312
Cannery Workers and Farm Laborers Union (CWFLU), 312
Cano, Pio de, 312
Cao, Anh (“Joseph”), 97
Caplan, Nathan, 321
Cariaga, Roman, 350–51
Carmichael, Stokely, 187
Carp, E. Wayne, 207
Carter, Jimmy, 417
Carucci, Laurence Marshall, 18
Caste and Outcast (Mukerji), 351
Catalyst Foundation, 214
Catfish and Mandala: A Two-Wheeled Voyage through the Landscape and Memory of Vietnam (Pham), 98–99
“Catholic Church and Portland’s Japanese, The” (Pereyra), 456
Catholic schools, 456
Celebrities, 179, 205–6
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 93
Central Pacific Railroad, 301, 302–3, 414
Centro de Acción Social y Autónomo, El (CASA), 192, 230
Chains of Babylon: The Rise of Asian America (Maeda), 185, 188, 457
Chamorros, 25, 259
Chamorro Self-Determination (Souder and Underwood), 25
Chan, Jeffrey Paul, 267
Chan, Sucheng, 2, 7, 16, 88, 112, 158, 225, 244, 300, 304, 349, 390, 397, 405, 470
Chandra, Ram, 347
Chang, Derek, 368
Chang, Gordon, 349, 351, 461
Chang, Harry, 194
Chang, Jeff, 457
(p. 494) Chang, Kornel, 247
Chang, Lia, 422
Chang, Mark, 458
Chang, Mitchell, 458
Chang, Shenglin, 325
Chang Dai-chien, 179
Chapin, Helen, 80
“Cheap labor,” 299, 302–5, 475
Chen, Carolyn, 365
Chen, Shehong, 112
Chen, Yong, 112, 246, 350, 352, 355, 391
Cheng, Cindy I-Fen, 384
Cheng, Lucie, 2, 112, 243, 254, 391
Cheng, Wendy, 385
Chen Yuxiu, 350
Chew, William F., 302, 303
Chiang, Connie, 113
Chiang Kai-shek, 352
Chicago School of Sociology. See University of Chicago School of Sociology
Chicano/a studies, 5
Child abuse, 288
Children, 285–88. See also Families
Children of Chinatown (Jorae), 455
Children’s Home Society of Minnesota, 214
Chile, 40
Chile y China (Chou), 40
Chimbote-Huallanca railroad line, 41
Chin, Doug, 385
Chin, Frank, 267, 272
Chin, Margaret, 324
Chin, Vincent, 183, 184, 383, 443–44
China, 185, 434, 435
education and, 460, 461–62
failure to assist emigrants, 105–6
Japanese occupation of, 108, 313, 349, 352
“loss” of, 176
Opium Wars and, 106
China Daily News, 313
Chinatown, N.Y.: Labor and Politics, 1930–1950 (Kwong), 377
Chinatowns, 157, 158, 246, 247, 322, 373, 374, 375, 377, 378, 381, 385, 401
Chinatown Trunk Mystery, The (Lui), 382
Chinese Americans, 2, 3, 104, 112, 113, 224, 245, 246, 392, 393, 394, 396
adoptees, 110–11, 205, 211, 212, 213, 214, 399
African Americans and, 226, 232
boycott of U.S. goods by, 161
citizenship rights and, 109, 172, 434–35, 435, 441
in Cold War era, 172, 173–74, 175–78, 180, 186, 398
contemporary immigration, 400–401
education history of, 286, 287, 435, 437, 443, 455–56
exclusionary policies and, 107, 155–61, 239, 394, 396–97, 398, 435, 437, 446, 447 (see also Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882)
families of, 280, 283, 286, 287, 288–89
in Hawai‘i, 77, 78, 105–6, 307, 308
imperialism impact on migration, 391
intellectual history of, 349–50, 351–53, 354, 355
labor history of, 299–308, 310, 312–14, 322, 323, 474
legal history of, 434–35, 437, 441, 442, 443, 446, 447, 448–49
political history of, 333–34, 336–37, 338, 339
public history of, 420
queer history on, 268
religious history of, 360, 368
select classes for immigration, 173–74
social mobility in, 242
socioeconomic status of, 319, 320
urban history of, 374, 381–82, 384
women, 107, 396–97, 435, 447, 469, 471, 472, 474, 475, 477, 481
World War II and, 108, 109–10, 135, 147
Chinese Bondage in Peru (Stewart), 39
Chinese Canadians, 42, 116–19, 121, 123, 124–26, 127–28
Chinese Commission, 39
Chinese Communist Party, 173, 210
Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association. See Chinese Six Companies
Chinese Cubans (López), 39
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, 41, 60, 105, 107, 155, 157, 245, 305, 352, 396, 449, 471
challenges to, 158, 435
exemptions in, 161
public history of, 414, 417, 426–27
repeal of, 109–10, 441
U.S. apology for, 154, 414, 417, 426
(p. 495) Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance (CHLA), 313–14
Chinese Head Tax, 118, 123
Chinese in American Life (Kung), 446
Chinese Latin Americans, 33, 36, 37–43, 44, 396
Chinese Migrant Networks and Cultural Change: Peru, Chicago, Hawaii, 1900–1936 (McKeown), 78
Chinese Revolution, 186, 210, 336
Chinese Six Companies (Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association), 299–300, 301, 313
Chinos, 36, 38
“Chinos in New Spain, The” (Slack), 35
Chiswick, Barry R., 319
Chiu, Ping, 300, 302, 303, 304, 305
Choi, Jennifer Jung Hee, 353
Choosing Ethnicity, Negotiating Race: Korean Adoptees in America (Tuan and Shiao), 216
Chopra, Deepak, 54–55
Chou, Diego Lin, 40
Choy, Catherine Ceniza, 16, 161, 194–95, 247, 255, 325, 391, 395, 472
Choy, Curtis, 374
Choy, Gregory Paul, 216
Choy, Marcella H., 321
Christianity, 106, 156, 268, 360, 366–68, 399, 461–62
Chu, Judy, 417
Chu, Louis, 110
Chuh, Kandice, 32
Chuman, Frank, 446
Chun, Gloria Heyung, 473
Chung, Margaret, 248–49, 269, 271, 475
Chun-Hoon, Lowell, 71
Churchill, Winston, 353
Citizenship
Asian Canadians and, 120
birthright, 120, 435, 439–40
Chinese Americans and, 109, 172, 434–35, 435, 441
Cold War era policies, 172, 177
East Asian Americans and, 108
eligibility for granted, 172, 177
in Hawai‘i, 78
Japanese Americans and, 109, 136, 148, 172, 177, 424, 436, 439–40, 441
South Asian Americans and, 59–65, 108
women and, 472–73
Citizens of a Christian Nation (Chang), 368
Citizens of Asian America (Cheng), 384
City College of New York, 192
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, 414, 445
Civil Rights Act of 1964, 231
Civil rights movement, 3, 54, 126, 188, 378
theory during, 240–44
Third World solidarity vs., 187
Civil War memorials, 416
Claiming the Oriental Gateway (Lee), 385
Clark, John R. K., 74
Clark Air Base, 22
Class. See Social class
Classical economic theory, 318
Clientelist politics, 336
Clinton, Bill, 382
Clinton, Hillary, 95
Cloud, Patricia, 299–300
Coal mining, 306, 311
Coerced labor, 299, 300
Coffman, Tom, 77, 144
Cohen, Cathy, 269
Cohen, Lucy M., 310
Cold War, 3, 4, 5, 19, 22, 32, 100, 111, 138, 144, 146, 171–81, 185–86, 207, 209, 210, 217, 348, 376, 477
Asian success stories during, 179–80
conformity pressures during, 176–77
immigration policy during, 171–76, 398–99, 471, 472
“model minority” stereotype during, 6, 180, 256, 476
popular culture during, 178
South Asian Americans and, 53
Vietnam War and, 91
Cold War Orientalism (Klein), 256
Collectivism, 282–83, 289
Collins, Donald, 142
Coloma, Roland, 460, 461
Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State (McCoy and Scarano), 23
Colonial Dis-Ease: U.S. Navy Health Policies and the Chamorros of Guam, 1898–1941 (Hattori), 25
(p. 496) Colonialism, 4, 6, 223, 347, 351, 391. See also Imperialism
Japanese, 43–44, 106, 107–8, 393
in Latin America, 35–37
“Colonial Lessons” (Hsu), 461
Colonial Pathologies (Anderson), 22
Colonial Proximities (Mawani), 259
Colonizing Hawai‘i: The Cultural Power of Law (Merry), 24
Color of America Has Changed, The (Brilliant), 448
Columbia Documentary History of the Asian American Experience, The (Odo, ed.), 7
Columbia Guide to Asian American History, The (Okihiro), 7
Columbia University, 287
Comforting An Orphaned Nation (Hubinette), 206
Commercial Orientalism, 157
Communism, 18, 173, 186, 192–93, 338. See also Cold War
educational institutions and, 462
labor market and, 311
South Asian Americans and, 56, 57
Vietnam and, 90
Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), 195
Communist Workers Party, 193
Community, 476–78
Comparative methodologies, 191–93, 246, 247, 253, 456–57, 470, 481
Concentration Camps North America: Japanese in the U.S. and Canada during World War II (Daniels), 148
Concentration Camps on the Home Front (Howard), 449
Concise Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History (Kazin, ed.), 331–32
Confession Program, 176
Confucianism, 268, 364, 462
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), 312
Consequential Damages of Nuclear War: The Rongelap Report (Johnston and Barker), 19
Conservativism, 53–54, 339–40
Constantino, Letizia R., 15
Constantino, Renato, 15
Constitution, Canadian, 120
Constitution, U.S., 120, 136–40, 148, 222, 231
Constitutionalism in Micronesia (Meller), 19
Contagious Divides (Shah), 157, 381–82, 448–49
Contentious Spirits: Religion in Korean American History, 1903–1945 (Yoo), 106, 368
Continuous Journey Act (Canada), 123
Contract labor, 107, 299–300, 307, 308, 471
Cook, James, 74, 76
Coolidge, Mary, 224, 268, 334
Coolie, The: His Rights and Wrongs (Jenks), 39
Coolies, 156, 161, 163, 232, 300
etymology of term, 302
in Latin America, 37–43
migration patterns affected by, 396
Coolies and Cane (Jung), 39, 160
Coolie Speaks (Yun), 33, 39
Coolie Trade, The (Meagher), 39
Coolie Woman: The Odyssey of Indenture (Bahadur), 39
Cooper, Frederick, 254
Coram nobis lawsuits, 434
Cordova, Fred, 16
Cortez agricultural colony, 309
Cosmopolitanism, 56, 57, 61, 247
Counterpoint (Gee et al., eds.), 1, 194
Coverture, 471, 472–73
Crabgrass Frontier (Jackson), 377
“Crafting a Delta Chinese Community” (Lim de Sánchez), 455–56
Creating Masculinity in Los Angeles’s Little Manila (España-Maram), 17, 382
Cremin, Lawrence, 459
Cressey agricultural colony, 309
Criollos, 33, 42
Critical legal studies, 434
Critical race theory, 246, 434
Critical refugee studies, 405
Crouch, Tom, 419
Crowder, Lorial, 214
Crowl, Linda, 20
Crystal City internment camp, 463
Cuartero, Sharon, 214
Cuba, 33, 39, 41, 393, 396
Cuban Americans, 321, 322
(p. 497) Cultural brokers, 257, 349, 350, 352, 355, 378
Cultural history, 3, 5–6, 256
of Asian American movement, 188–89
of Hawai‘i, 80–82
Culture keeping, 215
Cultures of Commemoration: The Politics of War, Memory, and History in the Mariana Islands (Camacho), 25, 259
Culture Wars, 4
Cummings, Bruce, 24
Dang, Alain, 269
Danico, Mary Yu, 78–79
Daniels, Roger, 2, 138, 139, 148–49, 242, 243–44, 332, 463
D’Aquino, Iva Toguri, 441
Das, Taraknath, 347
Das Gupta, Monisha, 59, 63, 65
Daughters of the Pacific (Ishtar), 20
Davis, Mike, 247
Dayal, Har, 347
Day of Two Suns: U.S. Nuclear Testing and the Pacific Islanders (Dibblin), 19
Days of Rage, 194
Dean, Lee Guy, 436
Declaration of Independence, 222, 231
Decolonizing Anarchism (Ramnath), 57
De Jesus, Melinda, 272
Dekasegis, 40, 44, 309, 348
Delgado, Grace, 43, 393
DeLoughrey, Elizabeth M., 24
“De-Minoritization of Asian Americans, The” (Lee), 458
Democracy, neoliberal, 59–65
Democracy Uprising, 94
Democratic Party, 316, 317
“Denationalization Reconsidered” (Wong), 32
Denoon, Donald, 17
Densho, 418
Denton, Nancy A., 247
Derrida, Jacques, 244, 346
Desi, 53
“Destiny Has Thrown the Negro and the Filipino under the Tutelage of America” (Coloma), 460
Destiny’s Landfall: A History of Guam (Rogers), 19
Dewey, John, 459, 462
DeWitt, Howard, 311
DeWitt, John, 137, 138, 139, 438
Diasporas, 4, 244, 246–47
Asian American movement and, 195
Chinese, 40, 42
Indian, 347, 404
Korean, 194, 393–94, 403
in Latin America, 30, 31, 34, 40, 42, 45
migration patterns of, 392–95
South Asian, 53, 63, 393
Southeast Asian, 99
Diaz, Vicente M., 24, 25, 26
Dibblin, Jane, 19
Dirlik, Aril, 458
Dismembering Lahui: A History of the Hawaiian Nation to 1887 (Osorio), 25
“DisOrienting Subjects” (Busto), 363–64
Displaced Persons Act of 1948, 173
Diversity, 125, 244–49
“Divesting Citizenship” (Volpp), 448
Dole Corporation, 82
Domestic violence, 61
Dominion from Sea to Sea (Cummings), 24
Dong, Harvey, 185, 189, 192
Dong Pok Yip, 269–70
Dooner, Pierton W., 333
Dorow, Sara, 206, 211–12, 216
Dotbuster, 55
Dower, John, 257
“Down with Hayakaway: Assimilation vs. Third World Solidarity at San Francisco State College” (Maeda), 353, 355
Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home (Hsu), 3
Drinnon, Richard, 26, 233, 446
Driven Out (Pfaelzer), 447
Drumwright Report, 176
D’Souza, Dinesh, 54, 340
Du, Soon Ja, 444
Dual labor-market theory, 320–21
Du Bois, W. E. B., 223–24, 416
Dunaevskaya, Runa, 353
Dunyungan, Virgil, 312
Durant, Will, 351
Dusenberry, Verne A., 404
Duus, Masayo Umezawa, 77, 146, 314, 315
(p. 498) Early, James, 419
East Asian Americans, 104–15
defining, 104
exclusionary policies and, 107–8
scholarship on, 112–13
World War II and, 108–10
Eastern Social Welfare Society, 214
East Indian Company, 38
East Wind, 192, 193
Eat a Bowl of Tea (Chu), 110
Ebens, Ronald, 443–44
Economic history, 299–330. See also Labor history
on “cost” of being Asian, 319, 320
of East Asian Americans, 104–5
on socioeconomic status, 285, 319–25
theoretical constructs in, 318–19
Economics and Politics of Racial Accommodation, The (Modell), 377–78
Edith Kanaka’ole Foundation, 82, 83
Education Exchange Act of 1946, 90
Education history, 454–67
Asian-Asian American intersection, 460–62
of Asian Canadians, 121, 124, 127
bilingual education, 443, 456
Cold War era, 179
dark side of, 458–59
dearth of publications on, 454–55
family impact on, 285–88, 289–90
GI Bill, 175
higher education, 457–58
interethnic collaboration and conflict in, 457
labor history and, 319–20, 323
nonformal and informal education, 459
school segregation (Canada), 121, 124
school segregation (U.S.), 435, 436, 437, 442, 455, 462
theoretical perspective on, 459–60
Eells, Walter, 462
Eglin Air Force Base, 92
Egypt, 52
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act Project, 427
“Eight Pound Livelihood, The: A History of the Chinese Laundry Workers in America” (exhibit), 381
Eitel, Don, 216
Elbaum, Max, 186, 192–93
Elderly, care of, 283
Emancipation Proclamation, 302
Embarrassment of Slavery, The (Salman), 22
Embattled Island: Palau’s Struggle for Independence (Leibowitz), 19
Embodying Belonging (Suzuki), 44
“Emergence of Yellow Power in America, The” (Uyematsu), 187
Empire and Education (Coloma), 461
Empire of Care: Nursing and Migration in Filipino American History (Choy), 16
Endo, Mitsuye, 439
Endoh, Toake, 44
Enemy That Never Was, The (Adachi), 145
Enforceable trust, 321
Eng, David, 216, 272, 273
Ennis, Edward, 139
Enola Gay controversy, 420, 429n19
Environmental studies, 113
Epic Tale of Hi’iakaikapoliopele, The, 81
Epistemology of the pocket, 272
Esch, Betsy, 193
España-Maram, Linda, 17, 245, 255, 382, 478
Espiritu, Augusto, 16, 22, 247, 354, 355
Espiritu, Yen Le, 16, 98, 187–88, 260, 405
Ethiopia, 211
Ethnic attachment, 324
Ethnic-enclave economy, 321–22
Ethnic group socialization theory, 242
Ethnicity and Inequality in Hawai‘i, 76
Ethnic Routes to Citizenship (Rudrappa), 59
Ethnic studies, 2–3, 5, 184, 185, 457. See also Asian American studies
on Japanese American internment, 138–39
on South Asian Americans, 53, 55
Eu, March Fong, 339
Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, 205
Evangelical Christianity, 366–67
Everybody Was Kung Fu Fighting (Prashad), 193, 227
Exchange Visitor Program (EVP), 174
Exclusionary laws and policies, 154–70, 394, 435, 436–37. See also specific laws
Asian Canadians and, 116, 118, 123–24, 160, 162
challenges to, 158, 334, 435
(p. 499) East Asian Americans and, 107–8
exempt classes, 107, 161, 397
immigration patterns during era of, 396–98
imperial roots of, 160–63
Latin Asian Americans and, 36, 41–43
legal scholarship on, 447
within a nation of immigrants, 155–56
Orientalism, state formation, and, 157–60
politics of, 333–35
repeal of, 171–72, 398, 446
South Asian Americans and, 58
theory during era of, 239–40
women and, 60, 107, 396–97, 435, 447, 470–72
Executive Order 9066, 140, 423, 438, 439, 445, 448–49, 449–50n3
Exile Within (James), 463
“Exit Saigon, Enter Little Saigon” (exhibit), 420
Ex Parte Endo, 439
Ex Parte Milligan, 137
Expatriation Act of 1907, 472
Exporting Japan (Endoh), 44
Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire-Building (Drinnon), 26
Fair Employment Practices Committee, 441
Falgout, Suzanne, 18
Fall of the I-Hotel, The (film), 374–75
Families, 279–96, 476–78
Asian Canadian, 126–27
children in, 285–88
gender and generational relations in, 281–85
historical, 279–81
immigration reunification provisions, 175, 281, 320, 399, 443, 477
parenting in, 288–90
post-1965, 281
Families with Children from China (FCC), 212
Families with Children from Viet Nam (FCV), 212
Fanon, Frantz, 24, 193
Farmer, James, 190
Farm workers. See Agricultural workers
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 176
Feinstein, Dianne, 154
Feminism, 24, 157, 246, 257, 479–80
religion and, 362
South Asian Americans and, 63
Ferguson, Kathy E., 21
Ferreira, Jason, 185, 191–92
Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives, 80
Field Workers Union, 312
Fifth Chinese Daughter (Wong), 178, 283
Filipino/a Americans, 2, 7, 88, 100, 122, 245, 255–56, 257, 260, 394, 396, 399
adoptees, 214
American empire and, 13–18, 20–23, 26–27
Asian American movement and, 194–95
citizenship rights and, 172
in Cold War era, 172, 398
contemporary immigration, 401–2
education history of, 457, 458, 460, 461
exclusionary policies and, 161–62, 397
families of, 287, 289
in Hawai‘i, 77, 308, 314–16, 350–51
imperialism impact on migration, 391
intellectual history of, 350–51, 355
labor history of, 14–18, 306–8, 311–12, 314–16, 474
legal history of, 434, 437, 441, 443
militarism, nuclearism, and, 20–21
military service of, 398
nurse migration, 90, 161, 174, 255, 325, 391, 395, 398, 402
political history of, 336
public history of, 420
queer history on, 271
religious history of, 360
sexuality and, 478
socioeconomic status of, 319, 320
urban history of, 374, 375, 385
war and migration patterns in, 89–90
women, 472, 474
World War II and, 147, 176, 186
Filipino/a Canadians, 124, 126–27
Filipino Adoptees Network (FAN), 214
Filipino/a Latin Americans, 35, 36
Filipino American National Historical Society, 2
Filipino Cannery Workers Assocation, 312
Filipino Federation of America, 350
(p. 500) Filipino Immigration to the Continental United States and to Hawaii (Lasker), 15
Filipino Labor Supply Organization, 311
Filipino Labor Union (FLU), 311, 315
Filipino Piecemeal Sugar Strike of 1924–1925, The (Reinecke), 78
Filipinos, Forgotten Asian Americans: A Pictorial Essay, 1763- circa 1963 (Cordova), 16
Filipinos in Hawaii (Cariga), 350–51
Finney, Ben, 73
Fire This Time, The: Essays on Life under U.S. Occupation (Aguon), 25
First Indochina War, 90
First Nations, 118, 126, 127
First Person Plural (film), 210
Firth, Stewart, 20
Fit to Be Citizens? (Molina), 384
Five Faces of Exile: The Nation and Filipino American Intellectuals (Espiritu), 22, 355
Fletcher, Charles, 74
Flower Drum Song (musical), 178
Flowers, Montaville, 334–35
“Fly to Freedom” (exhibit), 420
Fogelson, Robert, 376–77
Following Jesus without Dishonoring Your Parents (Yep et al.), 363
Fong, Gisele L., 188, 189
Fong, Hiram, 178, 339, 442
Fong, Timothy, 385
Forbes, David, 81
Forbidden Citizens: Chinese Exclusion and the U.S. Congress (Gold), 427
Force of Domesticity, The: Filipina Migrants and Globalization (Parreñas), 16
Ford, Gerald, 445
Forging of a Black Community, The (Taylor), 385
Fort Chaffee, 92, 260
For the Good of Mankind: A History of the People of Bikini and Their Islands (Niedenthal), 19
Foster, Anne L., 23
Foucault, Michel, 234, 244, 460
Foundation for Chinese Orphanages, 214
442nd Regimental Combat Team, 146, 172, 177, 234, 253, 424, 425
Fourteenth Amendment, 434, 435
Fowler, A. E., 122
Fox, Julia, 347
Fragmented Metropolis, The (Fogelson), 376–77
France, 36, 90–91
Francia, Luis H., 23
Franco-Vietnam War, 90
Frank, André Gunder, 35
Frederick Douglass House, 416
Freedom Schools, 375
Free labor, 299, 300, 301–2
Free to Die for Their Country (Muller), 142, 447
French and Indian Wars, 36
Friday, Chris, 16, 271, 312
From a Native Daughter: Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawai‘i (Trask), 20–21
From Bento to Mixed Plate: Americans of Japanese Ancestry in Multicultural Hawai‘i” (exhibit), 419–20
From Concentration Camp to Campus (Austin), 463
Fu, May, 185, 191
Fugitive Slave Act, 435
Fujikane, Candace, 23, 259
Fujimori, Alberto, 44
Fujino, Diane, 182, 184, 187, 189–90, 353
Fujitani, Takashi, 6, 21, 146, 234, 248, 257–58
Fujita-Rony, Dorothy, 16, 244, 385, 391
Fukuda, Moritoshi, 446
Fukumori, Ryan, 194
Fukuyama, Frances, 340
Fulbright program, 174
Gabaccia, Donna, 391–92
Gale, Roger W., 18
Galenson, David W., 299–300
Galleon trade, 35, 36, 37, 396
Gandhi, Mohandas, 124, 347
Ganguly, Keya, 55
Garcia, Jerry, 44
Garcia Villa, Jose, 355
Gardiner, Martha, 397
Gardner, Martha, 472
Gardner, Robert W., 17–18
“Gateway to Gold Mountain” (exhibit), 420
(p. 501) Gatewood, James, 399
Gays, 248–49, 448, 478. See also Queer Asian history
adoption by, 211
Asian American movement and, 196
South Asian Americans and, 63–64
Geiger, Andrea, 112, 159, 160
Gender. See also Women
areas for future research, 480–82
Asian Canadian migration patterns and, 126–27
development of studies, 469–70
family relations and, 281–85
legal scholarship on, 448
as performativity, 468
race and, 245
Geneva Accords, 92
Genocide, 23, 127
Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907–1908, 107, 119, 397, 436, 462
Gentleman’s Agreement of 1908 (Canada). See Hayashi-Lemieux Agreement
Geron, Kim, 183–84, 188
Getting Together (newspaper), 182
Ghadar Party, 55–57, 58, 62, 347, 351
Ghar, So Apna, 61
Ghetto synthesis, 376
GI Bill, 175, 441
Gibson, Arrell Morgan, 24
Gidra (newspaper), 1, 182–83, 193
Gift of Freedom, The (Nguyen), 260
Gifts of Civilization (Bushness), 76
Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, 112, 470
Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora (Manalansan), 16
Globalization
economy and, 318, 324
families and, 291
migration patterns and, 392–95
Global Orientalist ideosphere, 43
Go, Julian, 23
Goffman, Erving, 316
Go for Broke! (film), 177
Go for Broke Monument, 425
Gold, Martin, 427
Gold mining, 300, 305–6
Gold Rushes, 37, 41, 117, 254, 300, 305, 395, 434
Gompers, Samuel, 311
Gong, Ted, 427
Gong Lum v. Mississippi, 437
Gonzalez, N. V. M., 355
Gonzalez, Vernadette Vicuña, 23, 260
Good Earth, The (Buck), 352
Goodman, Grant K., 19
Goodman, Louis, 440
Gopinath, Gayatri, 59, 272
Gordon, Leonard, 347
Gordon, Milton M., 242
Gordon Hirabayashi Recreation Site, 425
Goshal, Kumar, 347–48
Gotanda, Neil, 447
Gotanda, Philip Kan, 422
Goyette, Kimberly A., 323
Graduate Theological Union, 362
Graham, Gael, 461
Grain of Sand, A, 189
Gramsci, Antonio, 345, 355
Great Britain, 94, 123
colonialism/imperialism and, 35, 36–37, 55–57, 162, 259, 347, 351
coolie system and, 37–39, 41
Opium Wars and, 106
Great Depression, 311, 312, 313
Great Northern Railroad, 301
Great Ocean, The (Igler), 35
“Green peril,” 52
Grefalda, Reme, 422
Griffith, Thomas, 440
Grodzins, Morton, 137
Growing Healthy Asian American Churches (Cha et al., eds.), 363
Growing Up Nisei (Yoo), 455
Guam, 24–25
Guano industry, 39, 40
Guardians of Empire: The U.S. Army and the Pacific, 1902–1940 (Linn), 19
Guatemala, 211
Gulick, Sidney L., 334
Gullion, Allen, 138
Gum San, 119
Guterl, Matthew, 396
Gutierrez, Edgardo V., 23
Gutierrez, Ricardo, 23
Guyotte, Roland, 461
(p. 502) Habal, Estella, 185
Hacker, David A., 141
Haj to Utopia (Ramnath), 55–57
Hale, Charles, 32, 33
Hale Kuamo’o, 80
Half-Lives and Half-Truths: Confronting the Radioactive Legacies of the Cold War (Johnston), 20
Hall, Jaqueline Dowd, 183
Hamilton Library, 81–82
Han, Peggy, 456
Handlin, Oscar, 2, 155, 156
Hanlon, David, 19, 24
Han Say Naim, 442
Hansen, Arthur, 141, 142
Haole, 6, 76
Harlins, Latasha, 444
Harrington, Joseph, 146
Harvey, William S., 325
Harzig, Christiane, 391
Haslam, Gerald, 457
Haslam, Janice, 457
Hatamiya, Leslie, 144
Hattori, Anne Perez, 25
Hattori, Yoshihiro, 444
Haunted by Waters (Hayashi), 113
Hau’ofa, Epeli, 24, 72
Hawai‘i, 2, 24–25, 70–87, 89, 108, 144, 259, 307–8, 314–16, 350–51, 393, 397, 417
the culture, 80–82
East Asian immigration to, 104–7
educational institutions of, 82–83
education history of, 455, 457
Kingdom of, 20, 75, 78, 79, 307
language of, 70, 80–81
legal history of, 434, 437
militarism in, 20–21
the people, 75–79
the place, 71–75
statehood attained by, 177, 442
Hawaii (Michener), 178
Hawaiian Blood: Colonialism and the Politics of Sovereignty and Indigeneity (Kauanui), 25
Hawaiian Children’s Mission, 81
Hawaiian Emergency Labor Commission, 308
Hawaiian Historical Society, 80, 81
Hawaiian-Pacific Collection, 81–82
Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association (HSPA), 77, 82, 314, 315, 316
Hawaiian Surfing: Traditions from the Past (Clark), 74
Hawai‘inuiakea, 82
Hawai‘i State Archives, 81
Hayakawa, S. I., 192, 339, 340, 353–54, 457
Hayashi, Brian, 148, 149, 244, 246, 247
Hayashi, Robert T., 113
Hayashi-Lemieux Agreement, 119, 123
Hayden, Dolores, 383–84
Hayes, Peter, 19–20
Hayslip, Le Ly, 98
Health Professions Assistance Act of 1976, 90
Heartbeat of Struggle: The Revolutionary Life of Yuri Kochiyama (Fujino), 189
Heart Mountain internment camp, 142, 425, 440
Heigl, Katherine, 205–6
Heine, Carl, 19
Helly, Denise, 396
Hemispheric Asian American history, 30–49. See also Latin Asian Americans
Hemispheric Orientalism, 43
Here: A Visual History of Adopted Koreans in Minnesota (Nelson), 217
Hereniko, Vilsoni, 24
Heritage Camps for Adoptive Families (HCAF), 215
Herman, Ellen, 207
Herzig-Yoshinaga, Aiko, 445
Heteronormativity, 469, 476, 477, 480, 481
Hezel, Francis X., 24
Higa, Karin, 143
Higashide, Seiichi, 44
Higham, John, 155
Higher Wages Association (HWA), 314
Hinduism, 54, 162, 360, 365
Hindutva, 65
Hing, Bill Ong, 373
Hirabayashi, Gordon, 142, 439, 445
Hirabayashi, Lane, 378
Hirata, Lucie Cheng, 268, 469, 475
Hirsch, Arnold, 377
Hirschman, Charles, 319
(p. 503) Historical Statistics of Hawaii (Schmitt), 79
“History as Law and Life” (Ngai), 455
History of Education Quarterly, 455, 459, 460
History of Modern Japanese Education, The (Duke), 461
Hmong Americans, 89, 93, 96, 97, 260, 281, 368, 405, 443
Hmong Studies Journal, 99
Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 1997, 260
Ho, Fred, 184
Hoang, Nguyen Tan, 272
Hoerder, Dirk, 391
Höhn, Maria, 257
Hokule’a (boat), 73
Hollinger, David, 345
Holt, Bertha, 172
Holt, Harry, 172, 207, 210
Holt International, 207, 214
Hom, Alice, 271, 273
Home Bound: Filipino American Lives across Cultures, Communities, and Countries (Espiritu), 16
“Homespun” (exhibit), 420
Homonationalism, 64
Honda, Michael, 339, 422
Hondeville, Albert, 269–70
Hong Kong, 117, 124–25, 174, 398, 400
Honorable Accord, An: (Willens and Siemers), 19
Honor Killing: Race, Rape, and Clarence Darrow’s Spectacular Last Case (Stannard), 25
Honor Thy Children (Nakatani and Nakatani), 273–74
Ho’olaupa’i, 80
Horne, Gerald, 316
Horton, John, 385
Hosokawa, Bill, 141
Houston, Douglas, 323
Houston, Velina, 110
Ho v. San Francisco Unified School District, 443
Howard, John, 148, 449
Howe, K. R., 24
HR 442, 426
Hsu, Funie, 461
Hsu, Madeline, 3, 112, 246, 247, 268, 350, 355, 392, 393, 397, 477
Hu, Mandy, 269
Hubinette, Tobias, 206
Hu-DeHart, Evelyn, 32, 39, 396
Hui Panala’au: Hawaiian Colonists in the Pacific, 1935–1942, 83
Hukbalahap rebellion, 22
Human capital theory, 318–19, 321
Hum Bows, Not Hot Dogs (Chin and Santos), 385
Hune, Shirley, 113
Hune-Brown, Nicholas, 268
Hunter College, 287
Hurd v. Hodge, 442
Hurricane Katrina, 235
Ichihashi, Yamato, 334, 349, 461
Ichioka, Yuji, 2, 3, 7, 112, 183, 243, 244, 246, 268, 310, 311, 348–49, 380, 393, 469
If They Don’t Bring Their Women Here (Peffer), 447
Igler, David, 35
Iijima, Chris, 190
Iijima, Kazu, 190
’Ike Ku’oko’a, 81
“Illegal immigrants,” 112, 159, 162, 246, 394, 397, 447
Ilse, 435
Imada, Adria, 75, 472
Imagined communities, 246
Immigrant Acts: On Asian American Cultural Politics (Lowe), 246
Immigrant Heritage of America series, 225
Immigration. See Migration/immigration
Immigration Act of 1917, 397
Immigration Act of 1924, 108, 335, 397
Immigration Act of 1967 (Canada), 124
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (Hart-Celler Immigration Act), 60, 90, 110, 161, 175, 360, 399, 403, 404, 443, 454, 471
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), 176
Imperial Archipelago (Thompson), 26
(p. 504) Imperialism, 4, 179, 351, 391. See also American empire; Colonialism
education history and, 461–62
exclusionary policies and, 160–63
South Asian Americans and, 55–58
Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America (Ngai), 6, 16, 159, 447
Indentured labor, 33, 38, 299, 300
India, 65, 123–24, 347, 351, 394
Indian Americans, 2, 51, 58, 60, 61, 65, 398, 399
adoptees, 205
citizenship rights and, 172
in Cold War era, 172, 176
contemporary immigration, 403–4
as coolies, 37–39
education history of, 458
families of, 291
intellectual history of, 347–48, 350, 351
labor history of, 306
Orientalism and, 54–55
religious history of, 360, 365
socioeconomic status of, 320
women, 472
Indian Canadians, 122, 123–24
Indiantown Gap, 92
Indigeneity, 21–25
Indios chinos, 35, 36
Indispensable Enemy (Saxton), 156
Individualism, 282, 289
Indo American Center, 61
Indochina, 90–91
Indochinese Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1975, 443
Indochinese Parole Programs, 404
Indochinese Women’s Conferences (IWC), 195
Indonesia, 88
Indonesian War of Independence, 441
Injerto, 33
Inmigracion Japonesa en Bolivia, La (Kunimoto), 40
Inocencio, Gina, 419
Inouye, Daniel, 177, 417, 421, 425, 442
In re Thomas Baldwin, 435
Inside Out: Literature, Cultural Politics and Identity in the New Pacific (Hereniko and Wilson, eds.), 24
Insights: The Chamorro Identity (Guam Commission), 25
Institute for International Education, 174
Institute for Leadership Development and Study of Pacific and Asian North American Religion (PANA), 362
Institute for the Study of Asian American Christianity (ISAAC), 363
Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR), 240, 241
Institutional history, 189–90
Insular Cases, 437
Intellectual history, 345–59
singularity criterion in, 346–47
social function and role in, 345–46
survey of, 347–55
Intercollegiate Chinese for Social Action (ICSA), 192
Internal Security Act of 1950, 444
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, 312
International District, 374
International Hotel (I-Hotel), 184, 185, 374–75, 385
International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union, 474
International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union, 312
International Rivalry in the Pacific Islands (Brookes), 14
Interracial marriage-intimacy, 158, 162, 178, 381, 477–78. See also Military/war brides
Asian Canadians and, 127–28
in Hawai‘i, 76
Latin Asian Americans and, 33
legality of recognized, 172, 442
prohibition of, 209–10, 435, 436, 437, 448, 472
South Asian Americans and, 59
Vietnam War and, 94
Intersectionality, 5–6, 190–91, 395, 470
Intervarsity Press, 363
In the Matter of Cha Jung Hee (film), 216
’Iolani Palace, 81
Ireland, 211
Ireland, Brian, 21
I Respectfully Dissent: A Biography of Edward H. Nakamura (Coffman), 77
Irish Americans, 303
(p. 505) Iron Cages (Takaki), 2, 225
Irons, Peter, 138–39, 142, 445, 446
Isaac, Allan Punzalan, 13, 23
Ishizuka, Karen, 190
Ishtar, Zohl dé, 20
Islam. See Muslims
Island Edge of America: A Political History of Hawai‘i (Coffman), 77
Islanders in the Empire: Filipino and Puerto Rican Laboreers in Hawai‘i, 23
Island World: A History of Hawai‘i and the United States (Okihiro), 25
Israel, 52, 65
Issei, 246
in Cold War era, 177
as community historians, 309
internment of, 109, 141, 142, 143, 144, 148, 307, 375, 437, 438, 449
legal history of, 435, 442
political history of, 334
urban history of, 375
Issei (Katayama), 348
Issues in Guam’s Political Development: The Chamorro Perspective (Guam Commission), 25
Italy, 211
Iwamura, Jane Naomi, 363, 365–66
Iwata, Masakazu, 306
I Wor Kuen, 182, 193, 194, 361
Izumi, Masumi, 195
Jackson, Jesse, 183, 184
Jackson, Kenneth, 377
Jacobson, Heather, 215
James, C. L. R., 353
James, Thomas, 143, 463
Japan
China occupied by, 108, 313, 349, 352
colonialism and, 43–44, 106, 107–8, 393
education history in, 461
Japanese American students in, 460–61
Korean soldiers in military of, 146, 258
Korea occupied by, 44, 106, 107–8, 258, 393
Pearl Harbor attack by, 89, 144, 186, 240, 309, 349, 423, 437
post-war U.S. occupation of, 44, 172, 209, 256, 257, 462
Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), 78, 141, 142, 143, 146, 172, 173, 424, 439, 442, 444
Japanese American Courier, 349
Japanese-American Detainment Camp Memorial, 425
Japanese American Historical Plaza, 425
Japanese American internment, 2, 5, 32, 44, 51, 108–9, 135–53, 172, 177, 186, 189, 230, 232, 233, 240–41, 242, 307, 309, 375, 384, 394
agency and, 143
education during, 457, 459, 463
families affected by, 280
in Hawai‘i, 78
legal challenges to, 437–39
legal scholarship on, 446, 447–48, 449
life outside the WRA camps, 144–45
loyalty/disloyalty issue, 140–43
“military necessity” argument for, 136, 138, 140
outlook for research on, 147–50
public history of, 414, 417, 419, 423–26
redress and reparations for, 184, 414, 417, 423–25, 426, 433–34, 441, 444–45
resistance/cooperation responses to, 142–44
responsibility and the constitutional question, 136–40
Japanese American Internment Memorial, 425
Japanese American National Museum, 419, 425
Japanese Americans, 2, 3, 104, 112, 113, 224, 245, 246, 248, 392, 393, 396
acceptance of, 107
African Americans and, 111, 232–33, 448
Asian American movement and, 192, 195
citizenship rights and, 109, 136, 148, 172, 177, 424, 436, 439–40, 441
in Cold War era, 172, 175, 177, 179
communist party expulsion of, 186
draft resistance in, 440, 441, 447
education history of, 289, 436, 455, 456, 457, 459, 460–61, 462–63
exclusionary policies and, 155, 159–60, 397, 436–37
families of, 280, 283, 289
(p. 506) in Hawai‘i, 77, 105, 144, 314–15
intellectual history of, 348–49
labor history of, 305, 306–11, 312, 314–15, 476
legal history of, 436–40, 441–42, 444–45, 446, 447–48, 449
military service by, 109, 145–47, 172, 253–54, 257–58, 354, 426
political history of, 333, 334–35, 338
public history of, 419–20, 423–26
queer history on, 271
religious history of, 366, 368
social mobility in, 242
socioeconomic status of, 319, 320
urban history of, 373, 377–78, 380, 384, 385
women, 469, 476, 481
Japanese Australians, 309
Japanese Canadians, 116, 119–22, 128, 129
Asian American movement and, 195
challenges to discrimination by, 119, 120–21
internment of, 120, 122, 135, 145, 309, 463
Japanese Cannery Workers Association, 312
Japanese Conspiracy: The Oahu Sugar Strike of 1920 (Duus), 77
Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai‘i, 78, 425
Japanese Evacuation and Relocation Study (JERS), 137, 140, 141, 145, 241
Japanese Evacuation Claims Act of 1948, 441
Japanese Immigration and Colonization (McClatchy), 309
Japanese Latin Americans, 34, 38, 40, 43–44
Japanese-Mexican Labor Association, 310
Jayawardena, Kumari, 351
Jefferson, Thomas, 416
Jenks, Edward, 39
Jensen, Joan, 56, 58, 394
Jerng, Mark, 216
Jerome internment camp, 425
Jim Crow system, 226, 241, 378
Jiobu, Robert M., 319
Johnson, Susan Lee, 267
Johnson-Reed Act. See National Origins Act of 1924
Johnston, Barbara Rose, 19, 20
Johnston, Hugh, 129
Jolie, Angelina, 205
Jorae, Wendy, 112, 455
Joseph, Peniel, 183
Joshi, Khyati, 365
Journal of American History, 337
Journal of Asian American Studies, 3, 458
Journal of History of Sexuality, 267
Journal of Lao Studies, 99
Journal of Southeast Asian American Education and Advancement, 99
Journal of Vietnamese Studies, 99
Joyce, Patrick D., 324
Judd, Walter, 173–74
Judgment Without Trial (Kashima), 449
Jung, Moon-Ho, 39, 160, 248, 259, 300, 302, 396
Jung, Moon Kie, 77–78, 316
Justice at War (Irons), 138–39, 446
Kabria, Nazli, 480
Kahanu, Noelle, 82
Kahn, Aisha, 39
Kaho’olawe, 73
“Kaho’olawe: Ke Aloha Kupa’a I Ka’aina” (exhibit), 420
Kalakaua, David (king of Hawai‘i), 72
Kalayaan collective, 195
Kamakakuoka’aina, 82
Kamakau, Samuel, 81
Kame’eleihiwa, Lilikala, 71, 76
Ka Mo’olelo Hawai‘i (Malo), 72
Ka Mo’olelo O hi’iakaikapoliopele, 81
Kanai, Lincoln Seiichi, 438
Kanaka Maoli. See Native Hawaiians
Kang, Laura, 472
Kao, Mary, 191
Kapu system, 74
Karen people, 94, 95, 97
Karlin, Joyce, 444
Karma of Brown Folk, The (Prashad), 51, 52–53, 55
Kashima, Tetsuden, 449
Katayama, Sen, 348
Katipunan ng mga Demokratikong Pilipino (KDP), 185, 193, 195, 196
Kauanui, Kehaulani J., 25
Kaufman, Michael, 444
Kawaguchi, Gary, 320
(p. 507) Kawai, Kazuo, 354
Kawakami, Kiyoshi, 334
Kawakita, Tomoya, 441
Kazin, Michael, 331
Keeper of Concentration Camps (Drinnon), 233, 446
Ke Kupu Hou series, 81
Kelley, Robin, 62, 193, 337
Kennedy, John F., 174
Kerkvliet, Melinda Tria, 314, 315, 351
Kerner Commission, 378
Khilafat movement, 56
Khmer Rouge, 92
Kibria, Nazli, 386
Kiluwe, Veronica C., 20
Kim, ChangHwan, 323
Kim, Claire Jean, 228–29, 231, 232, 247–48, 324
Kim, Daniel Y., 272
Kim, Elaine, 5
Kim, Eleana, 207, 208, 212, 213–14, 216
Kim, Hyung-Chan, 447
Kim, Jay, 339
Kim, Jung Ha, 363
Kim, Kwang Chung, 324
Kim, Lili M., 147, 393, 395
Kim, Nancy, 469, 470
Kim, Richard, 335–36, 393–94
Kim, Sharon, 367
Kim, Willyce, 273
Kim v. California, 442
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 234–35
King, Rebecca, 478
King, Rodney, 384
King and I, The (musical), 178, 256
King-Lenson, Margo, 17
Kingman, Dong, 179
Kipuka, 73
Kiste, Robert C., 19, 24
Kitchen Table, 273
Klein, Christina, 177, 209, 256
Kochiyama, Yuri, 189, 190, 248, 353, 480
Kogawa, Joy, 128
Komagata Maru (coal ship), 123–24
Konno, Yuko, 461
Konvitz, Milton R., 446
Korea
Japanese military personnel from, 146, 258
Japanese occupation of, 44, 106, 107–8, 258, 393
Korean Adoptees of Hawai‘i (KAHI), 213
Korean American Adoptee Adoptive Family Network (KAAN), 215
Korean Americans, 2, 104, 257, 393–94
African Americans and, 226, 227–28, 233, 247, 323, 383, 444
Asian American movement and, 194
in Cold War era, 175, 398–99
contemporary immigration, 402–3
education history of, 287, 458
exclusionary policies and, 107–8, 437
families of, 280–81, 283, 284, 287, 288, 290
in Hawai‘i, 77, 78–79, 105, 106
labor history of, 322, 323–24
legal history of, 437, 442, 443
political history of, 335–36
public history of, 420
religious history of, 360, 365, 367
socioeconomic status of, 320
women, 395, 472, 478
World War II and, 108, 135, 147
Korean Congress, 394
Korean National Association, 108
Korean Quarterly, 214
Korean War, 110, 172, 177, 207, 256, 257, 403
Koreatowns, 377
Korematsu, Fred, 142, 439, 445
Korematsu v. United States, 136, 439
Kosambi, Meera, 351
Koshy, Susan, 448
Kramer, Hans Martin, 462
Kramer, Paul, 22, 162, 247, 255
Kublin, Hyman, 348
Kuli, 302
Kumano, Ruriko, 462
Kumar, Amitava, 65
Kumulipo, 72, 80, 83
Kung, S. W., 446
Kunimoto, Iyo, 40
Kurashige, Lon, 7, 245
Kurashige, Scott, 111, 232, 247, 248
(p. 508) Kwan, Nancy, 178
Kwong, Peter, 313, 323, 377
Kyutaro, Abiko, 309, 348
L. A. School theories, 247
Labor history, 299–330. See also Strikes; Unions
American empire and, 14–18
politics in, 316, 317
self-employment (small business), 321–24
South Asian Americans and, 62–63
two pivitol issues in, 308–10
wages, 302–5
of women, 473–76
Labor Immigration under Capitalism (Cheng and Bonacich), 254
Labor unions. See Unions
Labrador, Roderick N., 17
Lahainaluna School, 75
Lai, Clement, 385
Lai, Him Mark, 2, 3, 112, 158, 243, 244, 246, 337
Lai, James, 339
Lai, Tracy, 183–84, 188
Lake, Marilyn, 163
Lal, Brij V., 15, 24
Lam, Tony, 96–97
Lament in the Night (Nagahara), 272
Lan, Kwok-Pui, 362
Landgraf, Kapulani, 73
Landon, Margaret, 178
Language of Blood, The (Trenka), 210
Laos, 88, 90, 91, 260
Laotian Americans, 89, 96, 97, 100
contemporary immigration, 405
education history of, 287, 290
socioeconomic status of, 320
war and migration patterns in, 93
women, 480
Lasker, Bruno, 15
Last Days of the Republic (Dooner), 333
Latehomecomer, The: A Hmong Family Memoir (Yang), 99
Latin Asian Americans, 30–49
coolie system and, 37–43
early colonial period in, 35–37
exclusionary policies and, 36, 41–43
Latino/as, 5, 111, 112, 159, 184, 323, 454, 457
Latour, Antonio Chuffat, 33
Lau, Estelle, 397, 449
Laundrymen, 313–14, 381
Lau v. Nichols, 443
La Violette, Forrest, 145
Laws Harsh as Tigers (Salyer), 158, 447
League for Industrial Democracy, 347
League of Revolutionary Struggle, 193
Lee, Antoinette, 423
Lee, Bruce, 227
Lee, C. Y., 178
Lee, Choua, 96
Lee, David, 108
Lee, Erika, 6, 32, 43, 112, 158–59, 246, 394, 397, 447, 458
Lee, Hwa-Wei, 422
Lee, Jennifer, 324
Lee, Josephine, 216
Lee, Richard, 208, 216
Lee, Robert, 245, 268, 416
Lee, Rose Hum, 354–55
Lee, Sharon, 457–58
Lee, Shelley Sang-Hee, 7, 247, 364, 365, 385
Lee, Tsung-dao, 173
Lee, Wen Ho, 444
Legacy to Liberation: Politics and Culture of Revolutionary Asian America (Ho, et al., eds.), 184
Legal archive concept, 64
Legal history, 334, 433–53
of contemporary era, 443–49
early period of, 434–35
of postwar period, 440–42
scholarship on, 445–49
of World War II era, 437–40
Legal Problems of Japanese Americans (Fukuda), 446
Leibowitz, Arnold H., 19
Leninism, 182
Leonard, Karen, 59, 478
Leong, Andrew, 272
Leong, Karen, 112, 245–46, 351–53
Leong, Russell, 273
Lesbians, 63, 196, 211, 273, 448, 480. See also Queer Asian history
Lesley, Linda G., 325
Lesser, Jeffrey, 33–34, 44
(p. 509) Letters in Exile: An Introductory Reader on the History of Pilipinos in America (Quinsaat), 15
Lettuce workers’ strike, 311
Levin, Michael J., 18
Lewis, Earl, 383
LGBT movement, 63, 267, 456. See also Gays; Lesbians; Queer Asian history
Li, Wei, 385
Liang Qichao, 349
Liberation theologies, 361–62
Library of Congress, 414, 416, 417, 421–22
Lie, John, 324
Liem, Deann Borshay, 216
Life in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Loeak, Kiluwe, and Crowl, eds.), 20
Light, Ivan, 324
Ligot, Cayetano, 316
Lili’uokalani, Queen of Hawai‘i, 72
Lim, Eng-Beng, 272
Lim, Shirley Jennifer, 245, 473
Lim de Sánchez, Sieglinde, 455–56
Lim-Hing, Sharon, 273
Lin, Jan, 323
Lin, Maya, 413
Lin, Michael, 427
Lind, Andrew, 76, 79, 144
Lindstrom, Lamont, 18
Line of March, 185, 193
Ling, Huping, 112
Ling, Susie, 190–91
Linn, Brian McAllister, 19
Lipman, Jana, 260
Lipsitz, George, 247
Little Brown Brother: How the United States Purchased and Pacified the Philippine Islands (Wolff), 18
Little Manila Is in The Heart (Lai), 385
Little Tokyos, 374, 378, 384
Little Tokyo Sidewalk, 383, 384
Little Tokyo Towers, 375
Liu, Haiming, 112
Liu, Michael, 183–84, 188
Li Zhongdao, 173
Locating Filipino Americans: Ethnicity and the Cultural Politics of Space (Bonus), 16
Locke, Gary, 339
Locke, Jennifer, 419
Loeak, Anono Lieom, 20
Loewen, James W., 226
Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union, 316
“Long sixties” approach, 183, 185
Looking Like the Enemy (Garcia), 44
López, Kathleen, 39, 396
Los Angeles riots of 1992, 112, 247, 444
Los Angeles Times, 423
Lott, Juanita Tamayo, 422
Louie, Andrea, 216
Louie, Miriam Ching Yoon, 194, 324
Louie, Steve, 184
“Lovely Hula Hands” (Trask), 75
Loving v. Virginia, 172, 442
Lo wah kiu, 119
Lowe, Lisa, 32, 33, 160, 246
Luce-Celler Act of 1946, 90
Lucky Girl (Hopgood), 210
Lui, Mary Ting Yi, 112, 157, 158, 247, 382
Lutz, Catherine, 21
Lyon, Paul, 24
Ma, Eve Armentrout, 349
Mabalon, Dawn, 385
MacBeth, Hugh, 438, 440
Maeda, Daryl, 353–54, 355, 457, 479
Mahele, 75
Major Problems in Asian American History (Kurashige and Murray, eds.), 7
Maki, Mitchell, 143–44
Making a Non-White America (Varzally), 111
Making of the English Working Class, The (Thompson), 243
Making the Chinese Mexican (Delgado), 43
Making the Second Ghetto (Hirsch), 377
Makino, Frederick Kinzaburo, 314, 315
Malaysia, 88
Malcolm X, 189, 353, 374
Malkin, Michelle, 340
Malkki, Liisa, 95, 98
Malo, David, 72, 75, 81
Manalansan, Martin, 16, 17, 272
Manaleo, 80
Mani, Bakirathi, 57
Manifest destiny, 156, 226, 232
(p. 510) Manilamen, 434
Manila Men in the New World (Mercene), 35
Manilatowns, 378
Manlapit, Pablo, 78, 310, 315, 316, 351
Manzanar internment camp, 141, 423, 424, 425, 438, 459
Maoism, 182, 361
Mao Zedong, 173, 185
Mar, Lisa Rose, 447, 449
Marcos, Ferdinand, 22, 195, 402
Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture (Okihiro), 226, 395
Mariano, Joyce, 402
Marine Education Training Center (METC), 73
Marre, Diana, 211, 212
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, 222
Marwick, Arthur, 183
Marxism, 5, 22, 24, 57, 65, 182, 361, 365, 380
Mason, Glenn E., 82
Mason, Richard, 178
Mason Architects, 82
Massey, Douglas S., 247
Master and Servants Act of 1850, 307
Mathew, Biju, 62–63, 65, 324
Mathew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, 63
Matsui, Robert, 417
Matsumoto, Valerie, 112, 244, 470, 473, 477
Matsunaga, Spark, 339, 417, 425
Matsuoka, Fumitaka, 362
Matthews, Glenna, 325
Mawani, Renisa, 259
May, Glenn Anthony, 21
Mazumdar, Sucheta, 160, 472
McCarran-Walter Act of 1952, 173, 174, 175, 423–24, 441
McCarthyism, 176, 186, 348
McClain, Charles, 158, 300, 394, 446–47
McClatchy, V. S., 309
McCloy, John J., 139
McCoy, Alfred W., 22, 23, 162
McDonald, James T., 325
McGovney, Dudley, 445
McGregor, Davianna Pomaika’i, 71, 73, 82
McKeown, Adam, 43, 78, 247, 355, 392, 393, 397
McNaughton, James, 146
McWilliams, Carey, 136, 137, 241
Meagher, Arnold, 39
Meiji Restoration, 43–44, 106, 119, 461
Mei Magazine, 214
Melancholy Order (McKeown), 43
Melendy, H. Brett, 16
Meller, Norman, 19
Melosh, Barbara, 207
Memories of War: Micronesians in the Pacific War (Falgout, Poyer, and Carucci), 18
Mendez v. Westminister, 442
Mercene, Flor, 35
Merritt, Ralph, 423
Merry, Sally Engle, 24, 105
Mestizaje, 32–34, 41, 44
Mestizos, 32–34, 42, 45
Mexican Americans, 111, 229, 230, 289, 442, 448
labor history of, 304, 305, 310–11, 312
urban history of, 384
Mexican-American War, 43
Mexico, 36, 39, 41–42, 43, 44, 393, 396
Michener, James, 178
Micronesia, 18–19, 20
Micronesia at the Crossroads: A Reappraisal of the Micronesian Political Dilemma (Heine), 19
Microstates and Nuclear Issues: Regional Cooperation in the Pacific (Ogashiwa), 20
Middleman minority theory, 242, 257, 308–9, 310, 322, 377
Migration/immigration, 390–412. See also Exclusionary laws and policies; specific laws
ambulatory approach to, 392
American empire and, 14–18
in Cold War era, 171–76, 398–99, 471, 472
contemporary patterns, 400–405
diasporic/global/transnational frameworks, 392–95
family reunification provisions and, 175, 281, 320, 399, 443, 477
“Illegal,” 112, 159, 162, 246, 394, 397, 447
from 1965 to the present, 399–400
politics of forced, 95–97
push-pull model of, 104, 112, 254, 318, 391
(p. 511) quota system, 173, 174–75, 398
reform of policies, 171–72, 281, 317, 360, 398, 443
rethinking, 391–95
for select individuals, 173–76, 320
two-empire approach to, 392
two-shores approach to, 391
war and, 89–97
from World War II to 1965, 398–99
Miki, Roy, 128, 129
Militarism, 18–21
Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific (Shigematsu and Camacho), 21, 258
Military/war brides, 90, 100, 109–10, 171–72, 173, 175, 257, 280–81, 397, 398, 399, 441, 471, 472, 478
Miller, Stuart Creighton, 18, 156, 157
Min, Pyong Gap, 324, 363
Minami, Dale, 445, 447
Mineta, Norman, 417, 420
Mingzhao, Tang, 338
Minidoka internment camp, 425, 440
Mining, 40, 160, 300, 305–6, 311
Mink, Patsy, 339, 421
Minnesota Adopted Koreans (MAK), 213, 214
Minnesota International Adoption Team, 208
Minnesota State University, Moorhead, 217
Mirrha, 36
Miscevic, Dusanka, 323
Missing: Youth, Citizenship, and Empire after 9/11 (Maira), 52, 55, 59, 61–62, 65
Missionaries, 94, 105, 156, 239, 240, 241, 316, 352, 461–62
Mission Houses Museum, 81
Mitra, Diditi, 324
Modell, John, 242, 308, 377–78
Model-Minority Imperialism (Bascara), 23
“Model minority” stereotype, 229, 230, 247, 257, 287, 353
adoption and, 206
in Cold War era, 6, 180, 256, 476
education history and, 456
labor history and, 475
religious history and, 366
socioeconomic status and, 320
South Asian Americans and, 54, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66
urban history and, 377, 380
Mohr, James, 80
Molina, Natalia, 384
Mom Chung, 351–52
Moncado, Hilario, 350
Monkkonen, Eric, 375–76
Monrayo, Angeles, 78
Monterey Park, 385, 401
Monthly Review, 377
Moon, Seungsook, 257
Moon, Sun Myung, 340
Moore, Brenda, 473
Moos, Felix, 19
Moraga, Cherrie, 273
Morales, Royal, 422
“More Perfect Union, A” (exhibit), 419
MoreThan Serving Tea (Toyama, et al., eds.), 363
Moriyama, Alan, 393
Mormons, 113
Moros National Liberation Front, 22
Moua, Mee, 97
“Mountain Movers, The” (Ling), 190–91
Moynihan Report, 476
Mukerji, Dhan Gopal, 351
Mullen, Bill, 248
Mullen, Mike, 208
Muller, Eric, 142, 447, 448
Multiculturalism, 4, 54–55, 60–61, 63, 227
Munro, Doug, 15
Murase, Mike, 183
Murray, Alice Yang, 7, 144
Museum of Chinese in the Americas, 381
Muslims, 51–52, 54, 55, 61–62, 64–65, 140, 351, 360
Myanmar (Burma), 88. See also Burmese Americans
Myer, Dillon, 233, 446
Myers, Ched, 19
NAACP, 442
Nagae, Peggy, 445
Nagahara, Shoson, 272
(p. 512) Nakanishi, Don, 183, 339
Nakatani, Al, 273–74
Nakatani, Jane, 273–74
Na Kua ’aina: Living Hawaiian Culture (McGregor), 73
National Defense Authorization Act of 2010, 63
National Gay and Lesbian Taskforce, 269
National Guardian, 347
National Historic Landmarks Project, 414
National Industrial Recovery Act, 311
National Japanese American Historical Society, 425
National Japanese American Memorial Foundation (NJAMF), 425–26
National Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism during World War II, 425–26
National Japanese American Student Relocation Council (NJASRC), 463
National Maritime Union (NMU), 313
National Museum of African American History and Culture, 418
National Museum of the American Indian, 418
National Origins Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act), 155, 159, 171
National Park Service, 414, 416, 417, 422–23
“Nation and Beyond, The: Transnational Perspectives on United States History” (round table), 337
Nation of Islam, 227
Native American Aliens (Collins), 142
Native Americans, 111, 113, 184, 233, 288, 304, 305, 436
Native Hawaiians, 5, 6, 70, 76, 79, 83, 127, 307
Hawaiian-language term for, 71
religious history of, 360
Native Men Remade: Gender and Nation in Contemporary Hawai‘i (Tengan), 25, 75
Native Sons of the Golden West, 439
Nautch dancers, 60
Navigating the Spanish Lake: The Pacific in the Iberian World, 1521–1898, 35
Nee, Victor, 320, 322
Negotiating National Identity (Lesser), 33–34, 44
Negro Victory movement, 233
Nehru, Jawaharlal, 351
Nelson, Kim Park, 217
Neoconservativism, 377, 457
Neoliberalism, 53, 54–55, 59–65, 481
NeSmith, Keao, 74
Netherlands, 211
New History of Asian America, A (Lee), 7
New Left, 190, 243
New social history, 243–44, 249, 376, 390
New Spiritual Homes: Religion and Asian Americans (Yoo, ed.), 362
Newton, Huey, 379
New urban history, 377
New York before Chinatown (Tchen), 157, 381
New York Chinatown Project, 381
New York Taxi Workers’ Alliance, 62–63
New York Times Magazine, 179
Ng, Franklin, 71
Ngai, Mae, 6, 16, 159, 162, 246, 350, 352, 394, 397, 447, 455
Nguyen, Mimi, 260
Nichibei Shimbun (newspaper), 309
Niedenthal, Jack, 19
Nikkei, 393, 459, 474–75, 476
Nikkei Research Project, 393
Nimitz, Admiral, 351
Nisei, 257
in Cold War era, 175, 177
draft resistance in, 440, 441, 447
education history of, 455
internment of, 109, 136, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 148, 307, 438, 449, 463
labor history of, 308
legal history of, 436, 437, 439, 441
military service by, 145–47
Nisei (Hosokawa), 141
Nisei Daughter (Sone), 178, 283
Nisei Linguists (McNaughton), 146
Nishida, Mo, 189
Nitz, Michael, 443
Nobel Prize, 173, 352
Nogelmeier, M. Puakea, 81
Noguchi, Isamu, 179
Noguchi, Yone, 249, 269, 271
Nomura, Gail, 71, 113
Non-resident Indians (NRIs), 404
Nordyke, Eleanor, 77
North American Review, 333
(p. 513) Northern Pacific Railroad, 301
Norway, 211
Nuclearism, 18–21, 174, 179
Nuclear Playground (Firth), 20
Nuestra Señora Esperanza (galleon), 35
Nurse migration, 90, 161, 174, 255, 325, 391, 395, 398, 402
Obama, Barack, 222–23, 231
Obasan (Kogawa), 128
Obeyesekere, Ganananth, 76
Oceania, 24, 72
Ochikubo, George, 439
Odo, Franklin, 7, 71, 144, 146
Off the Menu: Asian and Asian North American Women’s Religion and Theology (Brock, ed.), 363
Ogashiwa, Yoko S., 20
Oh, Arissa, 208
Oh, Say, Can You See? The Semiotics of the Military in Hawai‘i (Ferguson and Turnbull), 21
Okamura, Jonathan, 23, 71, 76, 194, 259, 350–51
Okihiro, Gary, 6, 7, 25, 71, 141–42, 143, 144–45, 226–27, 230, 244, 247, 260, 365, 395, 427, 463
Okinawans in Latin America, The (Tigner), 39
Okubo, Mine, 179
Old Left, 190
Omatsu, Glenn, 184
Omi, Michael, 231, 232, 245, 246
100th Battalion, 146, 253, 424
1.5 generation, 284, 323
1.5 Generation, The: Becoming Korean American in Hawaii (Danico), 78–79
Ong, Aihwa, 247, 401, 405
Ong, Paul M., 302, 303, 323
“On Gold Mountain” (exhibit), 420
Ono, Shin’ya, 194
Onuma, Jiro, 271
Operation Babylift (film), 210
Operation Crossroads: The Atomic Tests at Bikini Atoll (Weisgall), 19
Opium, 37, 304
Opium Wars, 106
Oppression theory, 241–42, 243
Orderly Departure and the Humanitarian Operation Programs, 92
Ordona, Trinity, 271
Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center, 425
Organic Act of 1900, 78, 308
Organic intellectuals, 345
Organization for African-American Unity, 353
Organizing Asian American Labor: The Pacific Coast Canned-Salmon Industry (Friday), 16
Orientalism, 4, 14, 245–46, 247, 477
American, 351, 352
commercial, 157
East Asian Americans and, 107
exclusionary policies and, 157–60
hemispheric, 43
political, 157
radical, 195, 259
religion and, 363–64, 365–66
self-, 352, 355, 473
South Asian Americans and, 50, 54–55, 61
urban history and, 373, 380, 381
women and, 479–80
Orientalism (Said), 22, 157, 254
Origins of the Urban Crisis, The (Sugrue), 382–83
Osorio, Jonathan, 25, 71, 82
Other, 45, 347, 360
“Our Sea of Islands” (Hau’ofa), 72
Outsiders Within (Trenka et al., eds.), 210
“Over-Represented and De-Minoritized” (Lee), 457–58
Over There (Höhn and Moon, eds.), 257
Oyama v. California, 442
Ozawa v. United States, 108, 436
Pace University, 191
Pacific Asian American Center for Theology and Strategies (PACTS), 362
Pacific Asian North American Asian Women in Theology and Ministry (PANAAWTM), 362, 363
Pacific Citizen (newspaper), 142
Pacific Diaspora (Spickard, Rondilla, and Wright, eds.), 17
“Pacific Era Has Arrived, The” (Azuma), 460–61
(p. 514) Pacific Islander Americans, 7, 258–59
American empire and, 13–15, 17–21, 23–27
child abuse in, 288
education history of, 287
families of, 291
in Hawai‘i, 70, 307
labor history of, 17–18, 307, 318
militarism, nuclearism, and, 18–21
religious history of, 360
socioeconomic status of, 285
women, 470, 471, 473, 480, 481
Pacific Passages: World Culture and Local Politics in Guam (Stade), 25
Pacific Theater, The: Island Representations of World War II (White and Lindstrom), 18
Pacific Voices Talk Story: Conversations of American Experience (King-Lenson, ed.), 17
Packard, Frederick, 459
Page Law of 1875, 107, 396, 397, 435, 471
Pak, Susie J., 458
Pak, Yoon, 143
Pakistan, 63
Pakistani Americans, 51–52, 403
Palumbo-Liu, David, 30–31
Panama Canal, 41
Pang, Jennifer, 456
Pang, Valerie Ooka, 456
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, 73–74
Paper Families (Lau), 449
Paper-son system, 158, 176, 394, 397, 401, 426
“Parachute” kids, 401
Paradise Remade: The Politics of Culture and History in Hawai‘i (Buck), 80
Park, Bongsoo, 208
Park, Kyeyoung, 324
Park, Robert, 2, 224, 239–40, 241, 242, 243, 249
Parreñas, Rhacel Salazar, 16, 17, 474, 475
Pascoe, Peggy, 448, 470, 477–78
Passage from India: Asian Indian Immigrants in North America (Jensen), 56
Passing Through (film), 216
Pate, Soojin, 208
Patel, Marilyn Hall, 445
Patraporn, R. Varisa, 323
Patrick, John, 178
Patron, Placido, 312
Pau Hana: Plantation Life and Labor in Hawaii, 1835–1920 (Takaki), 70, 77, 225
Peairs, Rodney, 444
Pearl Harbor attack, 89, 144, 186, 240, 309, 349, 423, 437
Pearson, Charles, 163
Peffer, George, 268, 397, 447
Pegler-Gordon, Anna, 397
Pei, I. M., 179
Peoples of the United States, The (Ramabai), 351
Peopling of Hawai‘i (Nordyke), 77
Pereyra, Lillian, 456
Perilous Memories: The Asia-Pacific War(s) (Fujitani, White, and Yoneyama), 21
Permissive parenting, 288–89
Perry, Matthew Calbraith, 43, 106
Personal Justice Denied (report), 140
Persons of Indian Origin Card, 404
Peru, 33, 36, 39, 40, 41, 44, 393, 396, 397
Petersen, William, 179
Pfaelzer, Jean, 435, 447
Pham, Andrew X., 98–99
Philippine American War, 22
Philippine Independence Act. See Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934
Philippines, 88, 163
anti-martial law movement, 184
independence of, 22, 89, 162, 255, 397, 441
U.S. occupation of, 247, 254, 351, 437, 458–59, 461, 472
Philippines, The: A Past Revisited (Constantino and Constantino), 15
Philippines, The: Colonialism, Collaboration, and Resistance! (Pomeroy), 22
Philippines, The: The Continuing Past (Constantino and Constantino), 15
Philippines Reader, The (Schirmer and Shalom), 22
Piailug, Mau, 73
Picture brides, 397
Pilipino American Collegiate Endeavor (PACE), 192
Pineapple industry, 77, 105
(p. 515) Pitt, Brad, 205
Pitti, Stephen J., 325
Plague and Fire: Fighting the Plague and the Chinatown Fire of 1900 (Mohr), 80
Plenary power doctrine, 435, 447
Poblete, JoAnna, 23
Policing America’s Empire (McCoy), 22
Polite racism, 234, 258
Political history, 331–44
definition of politics, 331
of the excluded, 333–35
labor history and, 316, 317
processes of politicization in, 339–40
of the radicalized, 338
of the transnational, 335–38
Political Orientalism, 157
Politics of Prejudice (Daniels), 242
Polyculturalism, 62, 227
Polynesian Voyaging Society (PVS), 73
Pomeroy, William J., 21–22
Portes, Alejandro, 321
Portuguese, 36, 76, 77, 302, 307
Posadas, Barbara, 461
Positively No Filipinos Allowed: Building Communities and Discourse (Gutierrez and Gutierrez), 23
Postcolonial studies, 22–24, 380
Postmodern theory, 380
Poston internment camp, 425
Poststructural theory, 244, 246
“Power of Place, The: Urban Landscapes as Public History,” 383, 384
Poyer, Lin, 18
Prashad, Vijay, 51, 52–55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64–65, 193, 227–28, 248
Prejudice, War, and the Constitution (tenBroek), 137, 446
Pressures on Congress (Riggs), 446
Preza, Donovan, 75
Price, A. Grenfell, 14, 15
Princeton University, 354
Progressive Era, 224, 239, 331
Prostitution, 107, 257, 397, 399, 435, 469, 471, 475, 476
Puar, Jasbir, 59, 64, 272
Public history, 413–32
of Chinese Exclusion Act, 414, 417, 426–27
defining, 415
of Japanese Americans and World War II, 423–26
Library of Congress and, 414, 416, 417, 421–22
mainstream support for, 415
National Park Service and, 414, 416, 417, 422–23
Smithsonian Institution and, 414, 416, 417, 418–21
Public Law 87–885, 174–75
Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 319–20, 322, 323
Puerto Ricans, 77, 186
Pulido, Laura, 186, 192, 229–30, 231, 248, 479
Pulitzer Prize, 178
Punjabi-Mexican families, 478
Punjabi Sikhs, 122, 123–24, 125
Puro Arte: Filipinos on the Stages of Empire (Burns), 23
Push-pull model of immigration, 104, 112, 254, 318, 391
Qian Xuesen, 176–77
Queer Asian history, 59, 157, 248–49, 267–78, 351–52, 381, 469, 478, 480. See also Gays; Lesbians
dearth of actors in, 271–72
dearth of queer historians, 267–69
explosion of works on, 272–73
legal records in, 269–71
Quimbo Appo, 381
Quinsaat, Jesse, 15
Race, 222–37
education history and, 287
labor history and, 77–78
socioeconomic status and, 320
solidarities and divides in, 227–31
synthesis and significance of subject, 224–27
war and, 254
Race, Rights, and Reparation (Yamato, et al.), 447
Race for Empire (Fujitani), 6, 146, 257–58
Race Rebels (Kelley), 337
Race-relations cycle, 239, 240, 241, 243, 249
(p. 516) Race relations management, 378
Racial formation, 246, 247, 254, 256–57
racism compared with, 245
South Asian Americans and, 64
Racial Formation in the United States (Omi and Winant), 245
Racialization, 256
of Asian Canadians, 121
of Asian Latin Americans, 39–40, 46
of the Muslim, 51–52
of South Asian Americans, 51–52
Racial profiling, 52, 62, 444
Racial scapegoating, 228
Racial state of violence, 231–34, 256, 260
Racial triangulation, 228–29, 232, 247, 248
Racism, 144–45. See also White supremacy
Asian Latin Americans and, 34
racial formation compared with, 245
shift from vulgar to polite, 234, 258
South Asian Americans and, 56, 60
Rademaker, John, 146
Radicalism, 162, 186, 193, 194, 259
Muslim Americans and, 51
politics of, 338
South Asian Americans and, 51, 55–57, 62, 64
Third World, 185, 229–30
Radical Orientalism, 195, 259
Radicals on the Road (Wu), 259
Rafael, Vicente, 22, 23, 255
Rai, Lala Lajpat, 347
Railroad building, 39, 41, 117–18, 160, 301, 302–4, 306, 414, 434
Ramabai, Pandita, 351
Ramnath, Maia, 51, 55–57, 58, 59
Rana, Junaid, 51–53, 64
Reader’s Digest, 256
Reagan, Ronald, 183, 246, 382, 414, 423, 425, 426, 445
Reciprocity Treaty of 1876, 307
Reconstruction, 226, 231, 232, 434
Reddy, Chandan, 53, 59, 61, 63–64
Red Guard Party, 182, 193, 361
Red Power movement, 188
Reed, Adolph, Jr., 378
“Reforms of Their Own” (Kramer), 462
Refugee Act of 1980, 443
Refugee Relief Act of 1953, 173–74
Refugees, 260
in Cold War era, 173–74
from Vietnam War, 90–93
Regan v. King, 439
Reimagining the American Pacific: From South Pacific to Bamboo Ridge and Beyond (Wilson), 24
Reinecke, John, 78, 308, 314, 315
Religious history, 360–72
affiliations, 360
future of religion and, 368
intellectual foundations of, 363–64
of the 1960s and 1970s, 361–62
of the 1990s and 2000s, 362–63
Orientalism and, 363–64, 365–66
reimagining traditions and, 365–66
Remaking Chinese America (Zhao), 447
Remaking Micronesia: Discourses over Development in a Pacific Territory, 1944–1982 (Hanlon), 19
Remembering the Pacific War (White, ed.), 18
Remembrance of Pacific Pasts: An Invitation to Remake History (Borofsky, ed.), 24
Remittances, 402, 404
ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age (Frank), 35
Repositioning the Missionary (Diaz), 25
Republican Party, 317
Rescission Bill of 1946, 441
Resisting the Serpent: Palau’s Struggle for Self-Determination (Myers), 19
Restrictive covenants, 442
“Rethinking Global Sisterhood” (Wu), 195
Rethinking the Asian American Movement (Maeda), 185, 189
Revealing the Sacred in Asian and Pacific America (Iwamura and Spickard), 363
Revolutionary Communist Party (RCP), 193
Revolutionary War memorials, 416
Revolution in the Air: Sixties Radicals Turn to Lenin, Mao, and Che (Elbaum), 192–93
Reworking Race: The Making of Hawaii’s Interracial Labor Movement (Jung), 77–78
Reyes, Lorenzo de los, 350
Reynolds, Henry, 163
(p. 517) Richard, William, 75
Riggs, Fred Warren, 446
Riley, Karen, 463
Robeson, Paul, 347
Robinson, Greg, 44, 138, 139, 145, 149, 447–48
Robinson, Toni, 448
Robles, Al, 375
Rodgers, Daniel, 354
Rodgers and Hammerstein productions, 178, 256
Rodríguez, Dylan, 23
Rogers, Robert F., 19
Rohmer, Sax, 178
Rohwer internment camp, 425
Romero, Robert Chao, 393
Romulo, Carlos P., 355
Rondilla, Joanne L., 14, 17, 26
“Rooms of Death, The” (television program), 212
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 136, 138, 139, 352, 423, 438, 447–48
Roosevelt, Theodore, 163, 436, 462
Roots (anthology), 194
Routes and Roots: Navigating the Caribbean and Pacific Island Literatures (DeLoughrey), 24
Rowe, James, 139
Rowtow, Eugene, 136–38
Roy, M. N., 347, 351
Roy, Patricia, 463
Rubber industry, 44
Rudrappa, Sharmila, 53, 59, 60, 61, 65
Russell, Letty, 362
Russia, 211
Russo-Japanese War, 107, 462
Rustomji-Kerns, Roshni, 36
Ryan, Angela, 191–92
Sacred Hula: The Hula ‘Ala’apapa in Historical Perspective (Stillman), 81
Sahlins, Marshall, 76
Sai, David Keanu, 79
Said, Edward, 22, 54, 157, 195, 245–46, 254, 364, 380
Saito, Leland, 385
Saito, Shebalto, 436
Sakamoto, Arthur, 323
Sakamoto, James, 349
Salazar, Ken, 423
Salman, Michael, 22
Salvage, The (Thomas), 141
Salyer, Lucy, 158, 394, 397, 447
Samurai, 43
Samurai among Panthers: Richard Aoki on Race, Resistance, and a Paradoxical Life (Fujino), 189–90
San Buenaventura, Steffi, 350
Sanders, Jimy, 320, 322
Sand Island, 78
San Francisco’s International Hotel (Habal), 185
San Francisco State University, 184, 190, 191–92, 223, 274, 353, 361, 374, 457
San Jose State University, 274
San Juan, Catarina de, 36
San Juan, E., Jr., 23
Sano, Roy, 362
Sansei, 109, 143, 175, 177
Santos, Ben, 355
Santos, Bienvenido, 272
Santos, Bob, 385
Saudi Arabia, 52
Saund, Dalip Singh, 177, 339, 417
Saxenian, AnnaLee, 325
Saxton, Alexander, 156, 163
Sayonara (Michener), 178
Scarcano, Francisco A., 23
Scent of Apples (Santos), 272
Schirmer, Daniel B., 22
Schmitt, Robert, 79
Schockman, Eric, 324
Schools behind Barbed Wire (Riley), 463
Seamen’s International Union, 313
Seattle’s International District (Chin), 385
Securing Paradise: Tourism and Militarism in Hawai‘i and the Philippines (Gonzalez), 23, 260
Sedgwick, Eve, 272
Seeds from a Silent Tree (Bishoff and Rankin, eds.), 210
Seeking Modernity in China’s Name (Ye), 460
Segmented labor-market theory, 320–21
Seijas, Tatiana, 36
Selective Service Act, 398
Self-Orientalism, 352, 355, 473
(p. 518) Selman, Peter, 210–11, 212
Semifree labor, 299
September 11 attacks, 51–52, 55, 61–62, 64, 65, 140, 444, 471–72, 481
Sernau, Scott, 322
“Serve the People and You Help Yourself” (Fu), 191
Serve the People movement, 184, 191, 375, 378
Seven Years’ War, 36
Sexuality, 244, 468, 476–78
areas for future research, 480–82
development of studies, 469–70
legal scholarship on, 448
South Asian Americans and, 58–59, 64
Sexual Naturalization (Koshy), 448
Shah, Bindi, 480
Shah, Nayan, 53, 58–60, 63, 64, 157, 158, 246, 248, 268, 270–71, 380, 381–82, 448–49, 477, 478
Shalom, Stephen Rosskamm, 22
Shaping the Shoreline (Chiang), 113
Shared territory concept, 384
Shaw, Angel Velasco, 23
Shelley v. Kraemer, 442
Shiao, Jiannbin Lee, 216
Shibusawa, Naoko, 209, 256
Shibusawa, Naomi, 179
Shifting Grounds of Race, The (Kurashige), 111, 248, 384
Shigematsu, Setsu, 21, 258
Shining Path, 44
Shiomi, R. A., 216
Shirley, Orville, 146
Shukla, Sandhya, 386
Siemers, Deanne C., 19
Sikhs, 122, 123–24, 125, 286, 351, 360
Silva, Noenoe, 25, 76
Simon, Aurelio, 312
Singapore, 88
“Singgalot: Ties that Bind” (exhibit), 420
Singh, Gurdit, 123
Single Square Picture, A (Robinson), 210
Siu, Paul, 354, 355
Skwiot, Christine, 396
Slack, Edward, Jr., 35
Slavery, 32, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 156, 222, 232, 299, 302, 396, 416
Smith, Page, 140
Smith, Stephanie, 476
Smithsonian Institution, 414, 416, 417, 418–21
Snake Dance of Asian American Activism, The (Liu, Geron, and Lai), 183–84, 188
Snakeheads, 400
Sneider, Vern J., 178
Social capital theory, 321
Social class, 243
education and, 287
intellectuals and, 346
labor force and, 17, 77–78, 316, 322, 323, 325
Social Engineering in the Philippines (May), 21
Social movement theory, 188
Socioeconomic status, 285, 319–25
Soga, Yasutaro, 78
Sohi, Seema, 259, 386, 394
Sojourners, 156, 226, 308–9, 310, 348, 354, 355, 477
Soldier Brides Act of 1946, 441
Sone, Monica, 178, 283
Soong Family, 340
Soong May Ling, 352–53
Souder, Laura M. T., 25
South Asian Americans, 50–69, 393
citizenship and, 59–65, 108
contemporary immigration, 403–4
democracy, rights and, 59–65
imperialism and, 55–58
legal history of, 443
methodologies and publics for discourse, 65–66
“model minority” stereotype of, 54, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66
Orientalism and, 50, 54–55, 61
sexuality and, 58–59, 64
urban history of, 385–86
women, 60
South Asian American studies, 62, 65
South Asian Canadians, 129, 394
South Asian Lesbian and Gay Association (SALGA), 63
Southeast Asian Americans, 7, 88–103, 260
challenges and opportunities for, 100
contemporary immigration, 404–5
education history of, 287
families of, 281, 285, 287
legal history of, 443
politics of forced migration in, 95–97
scholarship on, 97–99
urban history of, 385–86
war and migration patterns in, 89–97
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 235
Southern Pacific Railroad, 41, 301
Southern Poverty Law Center, 235
South Pacific (musical), 178
Sovereignty Matters (Barker, ed.), 26
Soviet Union, 174, 398. See also Cold War
Spain, 35–37, 211, 212
Spanish-American War, 22, 88, 89, 437
Special Registration program, 52
Spickard, Paul, 17, 363
Spoilage, The (Thomas), 140–41
Sri Lanka, 403
Srinivasan, Priya, 60, 65
“St. Francis Xavier School” (Yamazaki), 456
St. Sure, Adolphus, 439
Stade, Ronald, 25
Stainback v. Mo Hock Ke Lock Po, 442
Stand Up: An Archive Collection of the Bay Area Asian American Movement, 1968–1974, 184–85
Stanford University, 240, 274, 334, 349, 461
Stannard, David, 25, 76
Steinfeld, Robert J., 301
Stewart, Watt, 39
Stillman, Amy Ku’uleialoha, 71, 81
Stoler, Ann Laura, 161, 254
Storied Lives (Okihiro), 463
“Stranded students,” 173, 174
Stranger Intimacy (Shah), 58–60, 448
Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans (Takaki), 2, 16, 225, 243–44
Strangers in Their Own Land: A Century of Colonial Rule in the Caroline and Marshall Islands (Hezel), 24
Strangers in the Land (Higham), 155
Street, Richard Steven, 304–5
Strikes, 303, 305, 308, 311–12, 313, 314–16, 317
in Hawai‘i, 77–78
interethnic cooperation in, 310–11
South Asian Americans and, 62
Structural assimilation, 242
Structural pluralism theory, 242, 243
Studies on the Left, 194
Subic Naval Base, 22
Subverting Exclusion (Geiger), 112, 160
“Success Story, Japanese American Style” (Petersen), 179
Sueyoshi, Amy, 249
Sugar-beet workers’ strike, 310–11
Sugar industry, 232, 302
in Hawai‘i, 77, 105, 106, 307–8, 314–16, 455
in Latin America, 20, 39, 40
Sugrue, Thomas, 247, 382–83
Suh, Sharon, 365
Suicide, 283, 290
Sumida, Stephen, 71
Sung, Betty Lee, 422
Sun Yatsen, 336, 338
Supreme Court, U.S., 108, 120, 136, 137, 142, 172, 334, 435, 436, 437, 439, 442, 443, 446
Survey of Business Owners (SBO), 319
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), 319, 323
Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises (SMOBE), 319
Survey of Race Relations, 240, 241
Survivors: Cambodian Refugees in the United States (Chan), 405
Suspended Apocalypse: White Supremacy, Genocide, and the Filipino Condition (Rodríguez), 23
Suyat, Stacey, 419
Suzuki, D. T., 179
Suzuki, Taku, 44
Sweden, 212
Syngman Rhee Papers, 209
Taf0t, William Howard, 21
Taishanese Americans, 392, 393
Taiwan, 176
Taiwanese Americans, 174, 365, 398, 399, 400
Takagi, Dana, 457
Takahashi v. California Fish and Game Commission, 442
(p. 520) Takaki, Ronald, 2, 7, 16, 70, 77, 224–25, 243–44, 314, 315
Takemoto, Tina, 271
Take Out (Bao and Yanagihara), 273
Takeuchi, David P., 320
Takezawa, Yasuko I., 143
Tales of the South Pacific (Michener), 178
Talking Hawai‘i’s Story: Oral Histories of an Island People (anthology), 83
Tamura, Eileen, 455, 459
Tang, Eric, 235, 386
Tape family, 350, 435
Tarrow, Sidney, 188
Tatla, Darshan S., 404
Tavares, Hannah, 458–59, 460
Taxi! (Mathew), 62–63
Taxi industry, 62–63
Taylor, Quintard, 385
Tchen, John Kuo Wei, 157, 245, 380–81, 396
Tea (Houston), 110
Teaching Mikadoaism (Asato), 462
Teahouse of the August Moon (Patrick), 178
Teaiwa, Teresia K., 24
Tehuantepec railway, 41
TenBroek, Jacobus, 137
Tengan, Ty Kawika, 25, 75
Tensions of empire, 254
Terrace v. Thompson, 436
Terrifying Muslims (Rana), 51–53
Thai Americans, 93–94, 100
Thailand, 88
Thaman, Konai, 24
Theatre Mu, 216
Theologies of liberation, 361–62
Theory, 238–52
during the civil rights era, 240–44
during the exclusion era, 239–40
increasing diversity and, 244–49
These Are Americans (Rademaker), 146
Thind, Bhagat Singh, 436
Thinking Orientals (Yu), 354, 382
Third Asiatic Invasion, The: Empire and Migration in Filipino America, 1898–1946 (Baldoz), 16
Third World Liberation Front (TWLF), 189, 190, 191–92, 374
Third World radicalism, 185, 229–30
Third World solidarity, 187, 188, 191–92, 195, 196, 223, 254, 259, 347, 361, 379, 419, 424, 469, 479, 480
This Bridge Called My Back (Anzaldúa and Moraga), 273
Thomas, Dorothy Swaine, 137, 140–41, 241
Thomas, W. I., 241
Thompson, E. P., 243
Thompson, Lanny, 26
Thompson, Nainoa, 73
“Through My Father’s Eyes” (exhibit), 420
Tiananmen incident, 112
Tides of History: The Pacific Islands in the Twentieth Century (Howe, Kiste, and Lal), 24
Tigner, James, 39
Ting, Jennifer, 477
Tiongson, Antonio T., Jr., 23, 26
Title II of the Internal Security Act, 444
Tjeder, Mattias, 212–13
Tokugawa Shogunate, 43
Tokyo Rose, 441
Tomorrow’s Memories: A Diary, 1924–1928 (Monrayo), 78
Topaz internment camp, 425
Toribio, Helen, 195
Total institutions, 316
Totten, George O., III, 324
“Towards Trans-Pacific Social Justice” (Choy), 194–95
Town and gown dialectics, 378–82
Toyota, Tritia, 339
Traditional intellectuals, 345
Tragedy of Democracy, A (Robinson), 44, 149, 448
Transiency, 58
Transnational Adoption (Dorow), 206, 211–12
Transnationalism, 244, 246, 247, 253, 256–57
Asian American movement and, 193–95
Chinese Americans and, 401
development of, 3–5
education and, 456, 460–61
Filipino/a Americans and, 402
in Hawai‘i, 78–79
(p. 521) Indian Americans and, 404
labor force and, 16–17, 474
migration patterns and, 392–95, 472
politics of, 335–38
religion and, 366–68
South Asian Americans and, 56, 57
Transpacific Journey (Schiavone-Camacho), 43
Trask, Haunani-Kay, 20–21, 71, 75
Treaty of Paris, 36
Triakerkvliet, Melinda, 16
Triple oppression, 479–80
Trotter, Joe, 376, 377
Truman, Harry S., 146, 441
Tsai, Shih-shan Henry, 334, 392–93
Tsinoys, 125
Tsou, Elda E., 458
Tsui, Kitty, 273
Tuan, Mia, 216
Tueller, James, 35
Tule Lake Segregation Center, 141, 142, 425, 440
Turnbull, Phyllis, 21
Two-empire approach to immigration, 392
Two-shores approach to immigration, 391
Two Spirits (Aizumi), 274
Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934, 21, 89, 162, 255, 397, 437
Typhoon of War, The: Micronesian Experiences of the Pacific War (Poyer, Falgout, and Carucci), 18
Uchida, Jun, 258
Ulukau, 80
Umemoto, Karen, 457
Unbending Cane: Pablo Manlapit, a Filipino Labor Leader in Hawaii (Triakerkvliet), 16
Unbound Feet (Yung), 380
Unbound Voices (Yung), 380
Uncle Swami (Prashad), 52, 55, 57, 62, 64–65
Underwood, Robert A., 25
Unfree labor, 300, 301–2
Union Pacific Railroad, 303, 414
Unions, 118, 306, 310–15
multiethnic, 316
women in, 474
United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, and Allied Workers of America, 312
United Mine Workers of America, 311
United Nations, 18, 176
United States and Japan in the Western Pacific, The (Goodman and Moos, eds.), 19
United States Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC), 139–40
United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, 60
United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 120, 435, 439
University of British Columbia, 116
University of California, 458
University of California, Berkeley, 137, 183, 184, 192, 241, 274, 374, 378, 419, 469
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1, 354, 378
University of Chicago School of Sociology, 2, 155, 239, 240, 243, 245, 249, 354, 355, 382
University of Hawai‘i, Manoa, 71, 79, 81–83
University of Hawai‘i, West O’ahu, 78
University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, 80
University of Michigan, 378
University of Minnesota, 209
University of Southern California, 267
University of Toronto, 116
University of Wisconsin, 319
Unruly Immigrants (Das Gupta), 59
Uprooted (Handlin), 156
Urban crisis, 382–86
Urban history, 244, 247, 373–89
American history as, 375–78
origins of Asian American studies and, 374–75
return of, 382–86
town and gown dialectics in, 378–82
U.S. Exchange Visitor Program, 398
U.S. Military in Hawai‘i, The: Colonialism, Memory, and Resistance (Ireland), 21
U.S. News and World Report, 180
USA Today, 212
Uyematsu, Amy, 187
Vancouver, George, 74
Vang, Chia, 405
Vang, Ma, 260
(p. 522) Varma, Roli, 325
Varzally, Allison, 111
Vegetable Packers Association (VPA), 311
Ventura, Mary Asaba, 438
Vera Cruz, Philip, 310
Very Inside, The (Lim-Hing, ed.), 273
Vestiges of War: The Philippine-American War and the Aftermath of an Imperial Dream (Shaw and Francia), 23
Vietnam, 88
Vietnamese Americans, 88, 89, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 260, 399
adoptees, 205
African Americans and, 235
“boat people,” 92, 404, 443
in Cold War era, 175
contemporary immigration, 404–5
education history of, 287, 458
families of, 281, 282, 284, 287
legal history of, 443
public history of, 420
socioeconomic status of, 320
war and migration patterns in, 91–92
women, 480
Vietnam Memorial, 413
Vietnam War, 88, 94, 95–96, 98, 100, 172, 253, 254, 256, 281, 443
anti-war movement, 3, 54, 184, 187, 191, 194, 195, 259, 361
end of, 185, 186
Japanese American service in, 109
King’s condemnation of, 234–35
refugees from, 90–93
Villanueva, Chea, 273
Virtual Orientalism: Asian Religions in American Popular Culture (Iwamura), 365–66
Vivekananda, Swami, 54
Voices from Another Place (Cox, ed.), 210
Volkmann, Toby Alice, 205, 212, 213
Volpp, Leti, 448
Voting Rights Act of 1965, 231
Voyaging through the Contemporary Pacific (Hanlon and White), 24
Vulgar racism, 234, 258
Wakayama, Ernest, 438–39
Wakayama, Toki, 438–39
Wake, Lloyd, 362
Walker, Isaiah Helekunihi, 74–75
Wallerstein, Immanuel, 254
Walton, Jonathan, 367
Wang, An, 175–76
Wang Computers, 175–76
War
migration patterns and, 89–97
role in Asian American history, 253–66
War brides. See Military/war brides
War Brides Act of 1945, 109–10, 171–72, 398
Warman, Casey, 325
War Measures Act (Canada), 145
War on Terror, 50, 51–52, 59, 61, 64, 65, 260
War Relocation Authority (WRA), 137, 141, 142, 143, 146, 233, 423, 438, 463
Warren, Donald, 459
Warren, Earl, 137
Wartime Relocation and Internment Commission, 425
Washington, Booker T., 239
Washington, George, 381, 416
Wat, Eric, 271
Watkins, Rychetta, 193
Waves of Resistance: Surfing and History in Twentieth-Century Hawai‘i, 74–75
Wayfinding, 73
Wayne, John, 351
We Are the Ocean: Selected Works (Hau’ofa), 24
Weathermen, 194
Weglyn, Michi, 142, 424
Wei, William, 183, 187, 188, 457
Wei Min She, 184, 193, 196, 361
Weisgall, Jonathan M., 19
Welcome House, 207
Western Agricultural Company, 310
Western Invasions of the Pacific and Its Continents, The (Price), 14
What Comes Naturally (Pascoe), 448
When Heaven and Earth Changed Places (Hayslip), 98
When You Were Born in China (Boyd), 214
When You Were Born in Korea (Boyd), 214
When You Were Born in Vietnam (Boyd), 214
White, Geoffrey M., 18, 21, 24
(p. 523) White Love and Other Essays in Filipino History (Rafael), 23
White supremacy, 6, 111, 159, 223, 226, 229, 232, 233
Asian Canadians and, 116, 117, 118, 119, 122, 124, 125, 128
East Asian Americans and, 107
South Asian Americans and, 51, 53
Whitmore, John K., 321
Wickberg, Edgar, 129
Wilkes, Charles, 74
Willens, Howard P., 19
Wilson, Rob, 24
Winant, Howard, 231, 232, 245, 246
Wirin, A. L., 438
Wo Ai Ni Mommy (film), 210, 216
Wolff, Leon, 18
Wollenberg, Charles, 462
Women, 468–88. See also Feminism; Gender; Military/war brides
activism and, 479–80
areas for future research, 480–82
in the Asian American movement, 190–91, 194–95, 479
community and, 476–78
development of studies, 469–70
exclusionary policies and, 60, 107, 396–97, 435, 447, 470–72
family relations and, 282, 476–78
immigration policies and patterns, 107, 279–80, 281, 394–95, 470–72
labor history of, 473–76
religious studies and, 363
triple oppression of, 479–80
“Wonderful Worlds of the Education of History, The” (Warren), 459
Wong, Anna May, 352
Wong, Bernard P., 325
Wong, Jade Snow, 178, 283, 422
Wong, K. Scott, 147, 349–50, 352
Wong, Marshall, 419
Wong, Morrison G., 319
Wong, Sau-Ling, 32, 194
Woo, Merle, 273
Woo, Susie, 208
Workers Viewpoint Organization, 193
World of Suzie Wong (film), 178
World Parliament of Religions, 54
World systems theory, 254
World War I, 120, 121, 223, 459
World War II, 18, 22, 44, 89, 94, 135–53, 176, 185–86, 234, 248, 259
African Americans and, 232–33
Asian Canadians and, 120, 121
East Asian Americans and, 108–10
families affected by, 280
immigration during, 398, 471
importance in Asian American history, 135
Japanese American service in, 109, 145–47, 172, 253–54, 354, 426
legal issues during, 437–40
public history of Japanese Americans in, 423–26
Worswick, Christopher, 325
Wright, Debbie Hippolite, 17
Wright, George, 315
Wright, Jeremiah, 223
Wu, David, 339
Wu, Ellen D., 145
Wu, Judy Tzu-Chun, 112, 195, 196, 248–49, 259, 271, 351–52, 473, 480
Wu Ting Fang, 334, 349
Xenos, Peter C., 320
Xie, Yu, 323
Yale University, 1, 136
Yamashita, Bruce, 444
Yamashita, Takuji, 436
Yamato agricultural colony, 309
Yamazaki, Yuki, 456
Yanagihara, Hanya, 273
Yanagisako, Sylvia Junko, 468, 474
Yang, Chen-ning (Yang Zhenning), 173
Yang, Kao Kalia, 99
Yankee Samurai (Harrington), 146
Yankees in Paradise: The Pacific Basin Frontier (Gibson), 24
Yan Phou Lee, 349
Yasui, Minoru, 142, 439, 445
(p. 524) Ye, Weili, 460
Years of Infamy (Weglyn), 142
Yeh, Chiou-Ling, 245
Yellow Brotherhood, 191
“Yellow peril,” 6, 52, 163, 180, 240, 333
Yellow Power movement, 187, 193
Yeong & Yeong Book Company, 214
Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 435
Yip, Steve, 184
Yngvesson, Barbara, 212
Yoneda, Karl, 186, 310, 338
Yoneyama, Lisa, 21
Yonsei University, 209
Yoo, David, 106, 244, 368, 455
Yoon, In-Jin, 324
Yoshihara, Mari, 245
Yoshino, Kenji, 274, 448
Young, Elliot, 40
Young, Kanalu, 71
Young Men’s Buddhist Association, 314
Yu, Henry, 245, 354, 355, 382
Yu, Ji-Yeon, 113
Yu, Renqiu, 112, 313
Yuh, Ji-Yeon, 257, 395, 399, 403, 472, 478
Yun, Lisa, 33, 39, 396
Yung, Judy, 112, 244, 380, 397, 470, 472, 473, 477
Yung Wing, 349
Zalburg, Sanford, 316
Zarsky, Lyuba, 19–20
Zeng, Zhen, 323
Zhao, Xiaojian, 112, 323, 398, 447
Zhou, Min, 320, 321–22, 399
Zia, Helen, 267–68
Zolberg, Aristide, 163