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date: 21 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The United States is the leading recipient of internationally adopted children in the world. International or intercountry adoption from Asia specifically played a major role in the transformation of the United States into an international adoption nation. This article highlights the growing significance of Asian international and transracial adoption in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. It emphasizes that this seemingly new and controversial phenomenon has a longer history rooted in the post–World War II period and Cold War politics. The article charts major points of consensus within an emergent critical mass of historical scholarship on Asian international adoption, and it presents some of the phenomenon’s major demographic, political, and economic changes from the 1970s to the present.

Keywords: international adoption, intercountry adoption, transracial adoption, post-World War II period, Cold War

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