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date: 04 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the evolution of the role and image of Latin American priests and bishops during the second half of the twentieth century. This period saw the emergence of new forms of clerical and episcopal organization, such as CELAM (the Latin American Episcopal Conference, or Consejo Episcopal Latinoamericano), as well as new ideas regarding clerical training, pastoral care, and hierarchical obedience. Such developments not only shaped the way in which priests and bishops approached social and political issues, but also transformed how the clergy thought about fundamental ecclesiological questions regarding the nature and mission of the Catholic Church.

Keywords: clergy, CELAM, liberation theology, ecclesiology, Latin America

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