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date: 24 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the musical negotiation of the ethnic inequalities between Roma and Magyar that characterize secular life in Hungary among Pentecostal believers from both groups. The ethos of “spiritual brotherhood” within Hungarian Pentecostalism was the theological ground for these negotiations. During the communist period the believers mostly sang gospel hymns and a Christian variant of popular music that was meaningful to local Roma. Both ethnic communities modified their musical performance styles to participate in common “brotherhood,” though the secular inequalities between the ethnicities meant that these changes were not equally made (or equally easily demanded) by both groups. Christian contemporary music, renewed Western missionization, and new inequalities came with the postcommunist era.

Keywords: Hungary, Roma, Pentecostal, ethnicity, gospel hymns, Christian contemporary music, popular music, postcommunist, missions

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