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date: 15 July 2019

(p. 541) Index

(p. 541) Index

Abdel-Shehid, Gamel, 470
Abercrombie & Fitch, 231
abstinence, 526, 529, 536
Adamson, Robert, 514
Addams, Jane, 153
Adelman, Mel, 147, 448
Adler, Frank, 226
Adorno, Theodor, 339
affectual turn in sport scholarship, 386
affluence. See also class
and diffusion of sport to Southern Europe, 347–48
impact on northwest European sport, 341
African Athletics Confederation, 306
African Games, 307
Ahimaz, 289
Al-Ahly, 290, 298
Al-Altirās [The Ultras Book] (Beshir), 297
Alegi, Peter, 310
Alexander the Great, 87
Algeria, 175–76, 191, 468
Ali, Muhammad, 467
Alken, Henry, 106
Allen, Horace, 278
Allen, Richie, 233
Allgemeine Sportzeitung, 163
Al-Masry, 291
Althusser, Louis, 46, 48
Al-Wihdat, 299
Amara, Mahfoud, 297
amateurism, 70, 166, 400, 402–3
Ambedkar, B. R., 260
American football
class and fans of, 438
reformation of college, 165
American Turf Register and Sporting Magazine, 160
amphitheater, 89–90
Ancient Customs, Sports and Pastimes of the English (Aspin), 106
ancient sport, 81–82
in Archaic and Classical Greece, 84, 86
broader perspectives on, 81–82
in China, 242–44
and culture, 92
festival of Zeus at Olympia, 85
gladiators, 89, 90–91, 103, 528
Greek civic games, 85–86
Greek sport at Rome, 91–92
gymnasia and training in Greece, 86
historiography of, 79
Macedonia and Hellenistic sport and spectacle, 87–88
in Middle East, 288–89
origins of, 83–84
periodos, 85
Philhellenic patronage of Greek sport, 92–93
Roman spectacles, 88–89
Roman sport facilities, 89–90
scholarship on, 80–82
social history and sociology applied to, 92
and spectacology, 92
training of women, 87, 526–27, 528
Anderson, Benedict, 478
Angel of the North, The (Gormley), 519
Anglican Church, 492
Ankersmit, Frank, 233
Anson, Cap, 200
anti-doping, 10, 37–41, 416–20
apartheid, 308, 468
APOEL, 298
Appadurai, Arjun, 260
Appenzeller, Henry, 278
Arafat, Yasser, 299
(p. 542) archeological approach to history, 49–50
Argentina, 189, 364, 365, 371n6, 435
Arsinoe, 289
artifacts, 519–20
arts, 518–19
Asahel, 289
Ashcroft, John, 39
Ashe, Arthur, 466
Asian Games, 248, 266–67, 283
Asian Games Federation, 266
Aspin, Jehoshaphat, 106
Association of Surfing Professionals (ASP), 228, 231
associativity, 120–22, 334–35
Assou-Ekotto, Benoit, 471
Athens, 86
Athletic de Bilbao, 352–53
August, Robert, 230
Australasia, 377–78, 387. See also Australia; New Zealand
defining, 378
mnemonic densities in sport history of, 381–84
new research directions in, 384–87
trajectory of sports history and historiography in, 378–81
Australia. See also Australasia
baseball in, 199
cricket in, 214, 215, 219
football in, 192
industrial workplace sport in, 141
surfing in, 227–28, 232–33
Australian rules football, 380, 382–84, 386
Australian Society for Sports History (ASSH), 379
Australia’s Asian Sporting Context (Brawley and Guoth), 387
Austria, 163
autonomization, 47, 48
Baba, Ammo, 299
Bach, Thomas, 407, 408, 413n49
Baghdad FC (Freeman), 295
Bale, John, 48, 149
Bali, cockfighting in, 22–23, 257
Ballasteros, Seve, 355
Baloo, Palwankar, 260
Balotelli, Mario, 470
Bancel, Nicolas, 311
Bangladesh, 215, 216
Bannister, Roger, 48
Barba, Alexandre, 351
Bardi, Giovanni, 118
Barthes, Roland, 23
Baseball, 517–18
baseball
in Caribbean, 368–69
Chadwick and, 161–62
development of, 148
diffusion of, 171, 176–77, 197–209
in Japan, 165, 275, 281
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, 520
and national identity, 485
racial exclusion in, 462–63
and sexuality in sport, 529–30
urbanization and, 149
basketball, 325–26, 355–56, 465, 466
beachboys, 227
Beacon, Aaron, 481
Beazell, W. P., 166
Begg, W. D., 260
Behringer, Wolfgang, 118, 335
Belarus, 40
Belgium, 187, 301
Bell, Daniel A., 243
Bellán, Steve, 368
Bell’s Life in London, 160
Benn, Tansin, 297
Bensemann, Walter, 186
Beowulf, 103
Berence, 289
Berry, Khaled al-, 296
Berryman, Jack, 448
Beshir, Mohamed G., 297
Betts, John Richards, 1, 146–47, 161
Beyrek, Prince, 289
bicycling, 281, 355
Bikelas, Demetrios, 349
Bilal, Parker, 296
Billig, Michael, 480
Binz, Julius, 107
biocommerce, 53–57
(p. 543) biopolitics, 53–57
biopower, 52–53
Blackman, Martin, 437
Blake, Tom, 226
Bloyce, Daniel, 132
Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), 213, 217, 220–21
Boca Juniors, 437–38
bodily discipline, 50–52
body. See also embodiment
in ancient sport, 83
Bourdieu on, 46–48
Foucault on, 48–53
and gender in sport history, 450
and history of sport and religion, 494–95
social and historical analysis of, 45–46
Boland, John Pius, 483
Boli, John, 396
Bolivia, 366–67
Booth, Douglas, 380, 384–85, 386, 452, 510–11
Bosch, Juan, 202–3
Bose, Mihir, 260
Boston, Massachusetts, 151, 159
Boumezrag, Mohamed, 468
Bourdieu, Pierre, 2, 21–22, 46–48, 53–54, 56, 431
Bourg, Jean-François, 132
Boxer Rebellion (1900), 252
boxing
and class in Great Britain, 432
and evolving patterns of racial conflict, 463
as industry, 137, 139
intersection of Roman Catholicism and, 502
rules for, 119
and sexuality in sport, 530–31
Bracker, Milton, 204
Bradford, William, 492–93
Braswell, Michael C., 499–500
Brawley, Sean, 387
Brazil, 364, 406, 463–64, 480, 485
Bresci, Amerigo, 350
Briggs, Asa, 478–79
British Empire and Commonwealth Games, 306, 308
British Nationality Act, 304
Brittany, France, 483
Brockman, Frank, 278
Broderick, Alan, 119
Brooklyn Dodgers, 150
Broughton, Jack, 119
Brown, Bruce, 228
Brown, Peter, 502
Brownell, Susan, 53
Bruce, Steve, 498
Brumel, Valery, 33, 34
Brundage, Avery, 33, 249, 268, 398–99
Bryant, Kobe, 469
Bugos, Adrian, 198
Bukhatir, Abdul Rehman, 217
Bulgaria, 187–88
bullfighting, 200, 349, 356
bureaucratization, 134
Burgos, Adrian, 463
Burke, Peter, 117
Burns, Jimmy, 486
Burns, Ken, 517–18
Butler, Judith, 449, 453
Butler, Stuart, 230
Byrne, Julie, 495, 503
Bystrova, Galina, 512
Cahn, Susan, 445–46, 532
Caillois, Roger, 18
calcio, 118, 120, 122, 350
California-style surfing, 227–28
Cameroon, 307–8
Canada, 324, 433
Canguilhem, Georges, 48–49
capitalism, 16–17, 429, 440
Cardus, Neville, 485
Caribbean, 176, 198, 200–206, 214, 368–69
Carosio, Niccolo, 350
Carrion, Richard, 407
Carter, John Marshall, 108–9, 135
Casemiro Da Costa, António, 189
Cash, John, 386
Cashman, Richard, 174–75, 260, 379–80, 384
Catholic Church, 491–92, 502
Cato, Frederick, 141
Cecil, David, Marquess of Exeter, 399
Cespedes, Benjamin de, 200
Chadwick, Henry, 161–62
Chakrabarty, Dipesh, 258
(p. 544) Chalaud, Pierre, 227
Chandler, Timothy J. L., 500
Chappell, Ian, 217
Charles I, 116, 123
Charles II, 159
charreada, 362
Childs, Erica, 530
Chile, 189–90, 364, 365
China
ancient sports, 242–44
Communist Revolution, 246–47
Far Eastern Championship Games, 245–46
feminist sport scholarship in, 451–52
and GANEFO, 268–69
sport and economic reforms, 249–50
as sport-development site, 241–42
sport diplomacy and Taiwan problem, 247–49
Western sports introduced in, 244–45
wushu, 251–53
China National Amateur Athletic Federation (CNAAF), 246
Christianity, 289, 491–92, 499, 502. See also muscular Christianity
Christopoulos, Lucas, 243–44
Chronicle of Cricket Amongst Parsees, A (Sorabjee), 259
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The, 495
circuses, 89
cirit, 289
City Beautiful Movement, 153
civic identities, 352–53
civil religion approach to sports in religious studies, 498
Clapp, Francis, 141
Clark, William S., 275
class, 429–30. See also affluence
and British early modern sport associativity, 121
and diffusion of sport to Southern Europe, 347–48
distinctions in cricket, 213–14
and early modern sport, 114–15
emergence of middle-class elite, 7
and fandom and practice of sport, 436–39
and medieval sport, 104–6
and players as workers, 433–36
relevance of, 439–41
and sport in Canada, 433
and sport in France, 432–33
and sport in Great Britain, 430–32
and sport in northwest Europe, 339–41
sport’s impact on, identity, 70
and women’s involvement in early modern sport, 124
class habitus, 47–48
clear venue policy, 402
Coates, John, 408
cockfighting, 22–23, 116, 119, 124, 257
Cold War
doping during, 417–18
and eastern European sport, 319–20, 324–25, 328
and sport in northwest Europe, 342
Cold War International History Project, 4
collective bodies, 50–51
collective memory, 479
colonialism
and diffusion of sport, 171–78, 190–91, 200–201
and growth of modern sport, 8
and Latin America, 362
and liberal project, 67
postcolonial studies and, 302–3
and racial exclusion, 462
and sport as force for contestation, 23–24
and sport in Africa, 301–4
and tenacity of particularism, 72–73
and women’s participation in Middle Eastern sport, 292
Coming on Strong: Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth Century Women’s Sport (Cahn), 445–46
commercialization of sport
in China, 249–50
cricket, 261
globalization and, 396–97
industrialization and urbanization and, 135–36
labor unions and, 434
and sport as industry, 136–40
urbanization and, 148, 149–50
communications, 8, 159–69, 216, 217, 218. See also sport media
Communism, 32–33, 436
communities, imagined, 478
competition. See also international competition
and Chinese sport, 250
and emphasis on success, 71
national identity and multinational, 483–85
in surfing, 228
Confederation of African Football, 306
Contador, Alberto, 41
Cooter, Roger, 50
Corner of a Foreign Field, A (Guha), 260
Cornwall/Cornish, 481
corporatization of sport. See professionalization of sport
Le corps redressé (Vigarello), 53
corrida, 349
Costa Rica, 369–70
costumes, 519–20
Coubertin, Pierre de, 6, 172–73, 349, 520, 530
Coupe des Tropiques, 307
coursing clubs, 121
Cox, Oscar, 189
Cramm, Gottfried von, 533
Craven “A” cigarettes, 509
cricket
Australasian, 382
background of, 213–16
in Britain, 122, 431–32
diffusion of, 72, 171, 174–75, 176
essential issues and questions regarding, 221–22
and globalized sporting arena, 218–19
in India, 216–19, 221, 258, 259–63, 432
as industry, 137, 140
MCC Cricket Museum, 520
and national identity, 485
princely patronage of, 261
promotion of, 219–21
racial exclusion in, 464, 467
rules for, 119
in South Asia, 259–64
and sport as force for contestation, 23–24
in sport media, 168
Cricket and Cricketers in India (Begg), 260
Cricketers Benefit Fund Series, 217
Cricket World Cup, 219, 264
critical theory, 20
Croke, Thomas, 481
Cronin, Mike, 214, 452, 481
Crossley, Nick, 56
Curtius, Ernst, 241
cycling, 281, 355
cycling magazines, 163
Cyrus, 288
Czechoslovakia, 321, 322, 336
Damousi, Joy, 386
Dark Ages, 103–4
Darwish, Mahmud, 296
Dassler, Horst, 398, 401
de Cavia, Mariano, 350–51
Deconstructing Sport History (Phillips), 384, 385
Defrance, Jacques, 48
de Merode, Alexandre, 416–17
Dempsey, Jack, 165–66, 531
Dianabol, 416
dictatorships, 30–33
Diem, Carl, 31, 108
Dietschy, Paul, 333
diffusion of sport, 9
baseball, 197–209, 368
basketball, 355–56
colonialism and, 171–78
cricket, 213–22
football, 183–93, 290
in Latin America, 363
and liberal project, 67–68
in North Asia, 273–85
in northwest Europe, 335–36
in Southern Europe, 347–48
surfing, 225–35
and tenacity of particularism, 72
Dinamo Stadium, 437, 438
disciplinary power, 50–52, 53
Disraeli, Benjamin, 35
(p. 546) dissemination of sport. See diffusion of sport
Dix, Jimmy, 226
Docker, Edward, 260
documentaries, 516–18
Dominican Republic, 177, 202–3, 206, 368–69
Dora, Miki, 231–32
Dover, K. J., 525
Drath, Uwe, 226
Dresses and Habits of the English People (Strutt), 106
drugs, performance-enhancing, 9–10, 37–41, 415–20
Drugs, Sport, and Politics (Voy), 419
Drumbeat (El-Bisatie), 296
Dubois, W. E. B., 462
Duke University, 440
Duleep, 261
Durkheim, Émile, 16, 17–18
Duval, Clarence, 200
Dyreson, Mark, 452, 484
early modern sport, 113–15, 124
associativity in, 120–22
change and continuity in, 122–24
characteristics of, 116–20
moral, religious, and political context of, 115–16
East Asian Games, 280
eastern Europe, 319–30
Eckersley, Dennis, 517
Edelman, Robert, 32, 326–27
education
class and, 431
and diffusion of football, 184, 187, 188–89
Edwards, Harry, 467
Egan, Pierce, 160
Egypt, 288, 290, 293
Eichberg, Henning, 53, 117, 334, 446
El-Bisatie, Mohamed, 296
Eliade, Mircea, 498–99
Elias, Norbert, 6, 21, 117
Eliot, T. S., 478–79
Elizabeth I, 124
embodiment
return to, 53–57
sport and religion through, 501–3
empire. See colonialism
England. See also Great Britain
associativity in early modern sport, 120
Cornish identity, 481
cricket in, 219, 485
early modern sport in, 115–16
medieval sport in, 103
1966 World Cup, 480–81
racism in, 471
sport and prosperity in, 35
sport media in, 159–60
equipment manufacturing and sales, 138
ethnicity, and ancient sport, 83. See also race and racism
ethnoscape, 309
Euphoria and Exhaustion: Modern Sport in Soviet Culture and Society, 327
European Broadcasting Union (EBU), 407
European Track and Field Championships (Budapest), 513
Exeter, David Cecil, Marquess of, 399
Eyler, Marvin, 108
eyre rolls, 106
“Fab Five,” 434, 440
“fair play,” 118–19
falconry, 122
Falungong, 252
fans, 436–37
Far Eastern Championship Games, 245–46, 276–77
fascism, 32–33, 351–52, 465, 480
Faust’s Gold: Inside the East German Doping Machine (Ungerleider), 417
feminism
Foucault and, 54–55
and gender in sport history, 445, 451–54
Fernández Santander, Carlos, 352
festival of Zeus at Olympia, 85
feudalism, 104
Field, The (Booth), 384–85
FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association), 192, 331, 403
Fine, Gary Alan, 18
Finney, Ben, 462
Foer, Franklin, 500
football. See also American football; Australian rules football
in Africa, 306, 307–8, 310, 311
class and, 431, 437–38
diffusion of, 72, 171, 175–76, 177, 183–93
in eastern Europe, 321–23, 325
Fútbolistas Argentinos Agremiados strike, 435
Galeano on, 361
globalization of, 219
histories of Indian, 268–69
and industrialization in Great Britain, 141–42
integration of, 465, 467–68, 469
Iranian women attend events, 500
in Italy, 33, 350
in Japan, 275
in Korea, 278
in Latin America, 363–65, 370
Magoun’s study of, 107
in Middle East, 288, 290–91, 294–95, 297–98
and national identity, 485
racial exclusion in Brazilian, 464
in Russia and eastern Europe, 320, 327, 328
scholarship on Australasian, 382
sexuality and, 529
in Southern Europe, 348, 354, 356
sport media and growth of, 149
and television in northwest Europe, 341
Footy Passions (Cash and Damousi), 386
Ford, Gerald R., 34
Fordham University, 368
Forester, Frank, 160
Foucault, Michel, 2, 48–56
Fox, Richard Kyle, 162
France. See also northwest Europe
and African studies, 310–11
class and sport in, 432–33
and colonization of Africa, 301–2, 303, 304
deceived footballers in, 470
and diffusion of sport, 175–76, 187, 348
indigenous sports in Brittany, 483
and national identity, 483
and postcolonial studies, 311–12
racism in, 470–71
sporting rules in, 118
sport media in, 160, 163, 166
Franco, Francisco, 351, 352
Franco-African Community, 306–7
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, 104
Freeman, Simon, 295
Freeth, George, 225–26
Freud, Sigmund, 11, 530
Freyre, Gilberto, 485
Frick, Ford, 167
From Fair Sex to Feminism: Sport and the Socialization of Women in the Industrial and Post-Industrial Eras (Mangan and Park), 449
From Ritual to Record (Guttmann), 2, 17, 79, 108, 134, 497
functionalism, 30
Furuhashi Hironoshin, 282–83
Fútbolistas Argentinos Agremiados strike, 435
Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), 481–82
Gagen, Elizabeth, 153
Galbraith, Kate, 396
Galeano, Eduardo, 361
gambling, 118–19, 122–23, 362, 432
Games of the Franco-African Community, 307
Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO), 248, 266, 267–68
Gamper, Hans, 186
García, Manuel “Cocaína,” 368
García López, Hortensia, 374n61
Gates, Henry Louis, 469–70
Geertz, Clifford, 22–23, 257
gender. See also women
class and, 440–41
relations and feminism in sport history, 451–54
in sport history, 445–46
and visual turn in sport history, 513–14
as way of thinking about sport history, 448–51
Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (Butler), 449
genealogical approach to history, 50
(p. 548) Gen Fukudo, 279
George, Sam, 229
German Democratic Republic (GDR), 336–37, 342–43, 417
Germany, 38, 133, 186, 479, 481. See also northwest Europe
Gibson, Althea, 466–67
Giddens, Anthony, 429–30
Giles, Herbert A., 242
Gill, M. S., 40
Gillett, Philip, 278–79
Giro d’Italia, 483
gladiators, 89, 90–91, 103, 528
globalization, 9–10
and Australasian sport scholarship, 386–87
of cricket, 218–21
impact of, 396–97
and liberal project, 67–68
and Middle Eastern sport, 292
modern, 3
and national identity, 478
and Olympic movement, 398–406
postcolonial studies and, 309
race and, 461, 469
and recent Olympic leadership, 395–96, 407–9
team ownership and, 439
Globalizing Sport (Keys), 386
God in the Stadium: Sports and Religion in America (Higgs), 499
Goldblatt, David, 294
Golden Scales, The (Bilal), 296
Golden Squad, 322–23
golf, 119, 122, 139
Gormley, Antony, 519
Gouguet, Jean-Jacques, 132
governmentality, 52
Grace, W. G., 163
Gramsci, Antonio, 23
Great Britain. See also England; northwest Europe
and African studies, 310
associativity in early modern sport, 120
class and sport in, 430–32, 438–39
and colonization of Africa, 301–2, 303–4
cricket in, 219
and diffusion of sport, 171–72, 175, 176, 184–92, 199, 290, 321, 348, 363
early modern sport in, 115–16, 122–24
expatriates and exportation of football, 68
history of sport and religion in, 491–503
industrialization and sport in, 131–33, 140, 141–42
and liberal project, 66–67
medieval sport in, 103, 106
and national identity, 483
and postcolonial studies, 311–12
professionalization of sport in, 433–35
Scotland–England rivalry, 63–64
sport and urban citizenship in, 151, 152
sport as industry in, 137–39
sport media in, 149, 159–60, 163–64, 167–68
sport photography in, 515
great shared events, 479
Greece. See also Southern Europe
ancient sport in, 83, 86
Archaic and Classical, 84
arena combats, 90
civic games in, 85–86
as cradle of sport, 6
doping in ancient, 415
festival of Zeus at Olympia, 85
gymnasia and training in, 86
Hellenization of Middle East, 288
Macedonia and Hellenistic sport and spectacle, 87–88
mass spectatorship in, 92
and origins of ancient sport, 83–84
periodos, 85
Philhellenic patronage of Greek sport, 92–93
and sexuality in sport, 525–27
sport in China versus, 243–44
sport scholarship on, 80
training of women, 87
Gregory, Ann, 466–67
Griffith, Emile, 533
Grosz, Elizabeth, 453
Gruneau, Richard, 429, 430, 433, 436
Gudai Zhongguo Tiyu [Ancient Chinese Sports] (Ren), 242–43
Guha, Ramachandra, 259, 260
guilds, 120
(p. 549) Gulick, Luther, 153
Guoth, Nick, 387
Guo Xifen, 242
Guthrie Shimizu, Sayuri, 207, 208
Guttmann, Allen
on characteristics of early modern sport, 116–17
on diffusion of sport, 171, 173–74, 176
and modernization of sport, 134–35
From Ritual to Record, 2, 17, 79, 108, 134, 497
on sexuality in sport, 525
on sport and art historians, 518
gymnasia, 51, 86
gymnastics, 329, 336, 338, 348, 350, 366, 529
habitus, 18, 46–49, 478–79
Hadrian, 92
Half the Race (Stell), 379
Hall, G. Stanley, 153
Hall, Stuart, 2
handball, 336
Harding, Tonya, 440–41
hard power, 4
Hardy, Stephen, 137, 147, 385
Hargreaves, John, 53, 435–36
Harlem Globetrotters, 466
Harpastum, 289
Harris, Dwayne, 232
Harris, Lord, 174
Harvey, Adrian, 131, 136
Harvey, Jean, 53
Hashizume Shiro, 282
Haskins, Charles Homer, 101
hawking, 104
health
and national prosperity, 35
and urban citizenship, 152–53
Hearst, William Randolph, 164
Hegazi, Hassan, 290
He Long, 247, 248
Hemmings, Claire, 453
Henizger, Juan, 189
Herbert, Henry William, 160
Hermans, Germain, 187
Herod, 289
Herrick, Christine, 529
Herzig, Jorge, 189
Hess, Rob, 380
heterosexuality, 534
He Zhenliang, 243
Hibbins, Gillian, 383
Higgs, Robert J., 499–500
Hikmet, Nazim, 296
Hill, David Octavius, 514
Hill, Grant, 440
hippie surfers, 227
History of Indian Cricket (Bose), 260
History of Indian Cricket (Docker), 260
Hitler, Adolf, 31, 32
Hoberman, John, 2, 24, 396, 416–17, 420
Hobsbawm, Eric, 339, 435, 447, 477–78, 486
hockey, 324, 325, 326, 328
Hoh, Gunsun, 244
Hokowhitu, Brendan, 384
Holbrook, Tom, 231
Holland, 187
Hollister, 231
hollow surf boards, 226
Holmenkollen Ski Museum, 520
Holmes, Urban T., 108
Holt, Richard
on British sport, 430
on cricket, 214
on gambling and class in Great Britain, 432
on preindustrial work era, 431
on sport in Europe, 332, 333
on sports rooted in working class, 438
on unions and professionalization of sport, 434–35
Homer, 84
Homo Ludens (Huizinga), 107
homosexuality, 329, 525–26, 527, 528, 531–35
horse racing and horsemanship
associativity in, 121
and class in Great Britain, 432
in colonial Latin America, 362
doping in, 415
as industry, 137, 139
rules for, 119
and sport of ruling class in Middle Ages, 104
Howard, Thomas, Fourth Duke of Norfolk, 119
Howe, P. David, 56
Hughes, Thomas, 69
(p. 550) Huizinga, Johan, 2, 18, 107
Hungary, 321, 322–23
hunting, 120, 122
Ḥurub kurat al-qadam [Football Wars] (Thabit), 297
hybridism, 303
Hynson, Mike, 230
Ichikawa, Kon, 517
Ichiko, 206
identity
and ancient sport, 83
clubs and civic, 352–53
sport and national, 477–86
sport’s impact on urban, 70
Ikkos of Tarentum, 526
imagined communities, 478
Immaculata College Mighty Macs, 495, 503
immigration, and urban sport, 151–52
Imus, Don, 440–41
India
anti-doping and, 40
cricket in, 174, 216–18, 258, 259–63, 432
and diffusion of sport, 191
football in, 268–69
Olympic sporting histories of, 265–68
as sport-development site, 257–58
Indian Football Association Shield victory, 269
Indian Olympic Association, 265
Indian Premier League (IPL), 218–19, 221
indigenous sports, 8, 242, 277, 321, 481–83, 484
Indonesia, 266–67
industrialization, 131–33, 141–42. See also Industrial Revolution; modernity and modernization
commercialization of sport and, 149
Guttmann and modernization of sport, 134–35
industrial workplace sport, 140–41
in northwest Europe, 335
race and, 461
in Southern Europe, 349
sport as industry, 136–40
and sport media, 161
urbanization and, 145
and urbanization and commercialization of sport, 135–36
industrial reform, in Latin America, 363–64
Industrial Revolution, 131, 430–31. See also industrialization
industry, sport as, 136–40
infibulation, 526
Intercalated Games, 350
Intergovernmental Committee for Physical Education, 248
international competition, 68–69
International Cricket Council (ICC), 214–15, 216
International Journal of the History of Sport, The, 297
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
anti-doping and, 416–17
and Chinese sport, 243, 246
and cost of Olympic Games, 404–6
doping and, 9–10
Japan joins, 276
Korea joins, 282
North Korea joins, 283
recognizes African Games, 307
revenues of, 398–403, 407
under Rogge, 403–4
Samaranch steps down from, 395–96
and South Asian sport, 266–68
and Taiwan problem, 248
International Sports and Leisure Marketing (ISL), 401–2
International Surfing Championships, 228
International Table Tennis Federation, 247
interracial relationships, 530–31
Iran, 291–93, 500
Ireland, 103, 184–85, 333, 481–84, 486
iron cage, 17
Islam, 291, 294
Israel, 289, 295
Italy. See also Southern Europe
football in, 33, 186
and national identity, 483
racism in, 470
sport as propaganda opportunity in, 480
sporting rules in, 118
(p. 551) Jackson, Julian, 337
Jacob, 289
James, C. L. R., 23–24, 432, 464
James I, 116, 123
Japan
baseball in, 206–8
and Chinese sport, 244
diffusion of Western sports in, 274–77
new sport regimes after World War II, 281–83, 285
and origins of sport in Korea, 278–81
sport media in, 165
Jarratt, Phil, 230
Jawad, Haifaa, 297
Jeffries, Jim, 463
Jensen, Knud Enemark, 416
Jeux de l’Amitié, 307
Jews, 496
Jews, Sports, and the Rites of Citizenship (Kugelmass), 496
Jiang Qing, 248
Jockey Club (Argentina), 363
Jockey Club (England), 121, 159
Jockey Club (Maryland), 121
Johnes, Martin, 339, 341
Johnson, Ban, 202
Johnson, Earvin “Magic,” 534
Johnson, Jack, 462, 463, 530
Jones, Gareth Stedman, 339
Joo, Rachael Miyung, 531
Jordan, 299
Jordan, Michael, 469
journalism, 159–69. See also sport media
Journal of Sport History, The, 450
jousting, 118, 528
Joy of Sports, The (Novak), 496–97
judo, 251
Jusserand, J. J., 107
Juvenal, 528
Kabyle people, 46
Kahanamoku, Duke, 225–26, 232–33
Kalaniana‘ole, Jonah Kūhiō, 229
Kalinski, Michael I., 418
Kanaguri Shizo, 276, 277
Kano Jigoro, 276
Kanther, Manfred, 38
Kashio Seiichiro, 277
Kassimeris, Christos, 353
Kauffman, Mark, 511–13
Kawānanakoa, David, 229
Keli‘iahonui, Edward, 229
Kennedy, John F., 34, 35
Kennedy, Robert F., 34
Kerrigan, Nancy, 440–41
Kessler-Harris, Alice, 450
Keys, Barbara J., 386
Khalidi, Issam, 297
Khan, Iftikhar Ali, 261
Killanin, Lord Michael, 399, 419
Kimball, Richard Ian, 495
Kim Taek-Su, 284
Kim Yong Sik, 280
King, Billie Jean, 532
King’s Declaration of Sports, The, 116
Kirk, David, 53
Klein, Alan, 209
Klugman, Matthew, 386
Koller, Dionne L., 38–39
Kontinental Hockey League (KHL), 326
Kopernicki, Stanislaw, 188
Korbut, Olga, 329
Korea. See also North Korea
baseball in, 207
and diffusion of sport, 191
new sport regimes after World War II, 281–82, 283–85
origins of sport in, 277–81
Kożeluh, František, 188
Krüger, Arnd, 117, 135, 478
Kugelmass, Jack, 496
Kuleepsinhji, K. S., 261
Kumagai Kazuya, 277
Kuper, Simon, 4, 219
Kurdistan, 291
Kurt, Metin, 299
labor reform, in Latin America, 363–64
labor unions, 434–35
Ladd, Tony, 500
(p. 552) Latin America
class and fans in, 437–38
and diffusion of football, 188–90
sport in, 361–70
Lebanon, 298
Lechner, Frank J., 396
LeGoff, Jacques, 108
Leicester Fosse F.C., 141–42
Leitch, Archibald, 138
Leland, George, 274
Leonard, Alex, 229–30
Letham, Isabel, 233
Levi, Heather, 369
Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 46, 49
Lewis, Mark Edward, 243
liberal project, 66–69
Die Liebesübungen des Mittelalters (Binz), 107
Life Is More Beautiful than Paradise: A Jihadist’s Own Story (al-Berry), 296
Ligue National d’Éducation Physique, 482
Li Hongzhi, 252
Ling, Henrik, 366
linguistic nationalization, 350–51
Little League World Series, 208
localism, surfing and, 231–32, 234
Lopes, Leite, 370
López, Bernat, 420
Los Angeles Rams, 465
Louis, Joe, 530–31
Loy, John, 385
Lukashenko, Alexander, 40
Lu Yuanzhen, 252–53
Lyons, Jonathan, 294
MacAloon, John, 2
MacArthur, Douglas, 281
Macedonia, 87–88
Machado, Gilka, 485
Macri, Mauricio, 370
magazines, 162–63
Magdalinski, Tara, 379, 500
Magoun, F. P., 107
Mair, P. H., 114
Major League Baseball (MLB), 198, 200, 203–6, 209, 369
Malibu surf boards, 226–27
Mallett, Ashley, 217
Mallwitz, Arthur, 530
Mandela, Nelson, 72, 468, 469
Mangan, J. A., 174, 263, 381, 404
Mann Act (1910), 530
Man’s Country?, A (Phillips), 383
Mao Zedong, 246, 248
Marngrook, 383–84
martial arts, 251–53, 281
Martin, Charles, 462
Martin, Simon, 350, 352, 480
Marx, Karl, 16, 440
Mary, Étienne-Jules, 514–15
Maryland Jockey Club, 121
masculinity, 69, 309, 438, 449–50, 494
Massachusetts Bay Colony, 493
mass culture, 519–20
mass-spectator sport, 61–66, 73
and liberal project, 66–69
nineteenth-century, 136
and tenacity of particularism, 69–73
materialism and materiality, 56, 385, 501
Mathiesen, James, 500
Matthews, Stanley, 509
Maurer, Ueli, 40
Maurras, Charles, 483
Mauss, Marcel, 18
Mayan ball games, 362
Maynham, Harold C., 189
McAlister, Charles “Snowy,” 226
MCC Cricket Museum, 520
McClelland, John, 117
McDonald, Doug, 226–27
McGinty, Mike, 234
McKibbin, Ross, 339
McLuhan, Marshall, 511
media. See sport media
medieval sport, 6, 101–6
future research, 109–10
modern historiography, 106–9
tournaments, 528
Medvedev, Dmitry, 40
mega-events, 3
memory, collective, 479
Menotti, César, 365
Mercer, Win, 530
(p. 553) merchandise, 519–20
Merkel, Angela, 534
Merleau Ponty, Maurice, 49
Mesopotamian kings, 288
Messner, Michael, 24, 445–46
Methodism, 115–16
Mexico, 203–4
Middle Ages, 102–6
Middle East, 287–99
Middle East Institute of Washington, DC, 297
Mighty Macs, 495, 503
migration, 151–52, 184
military training, 104
Miller, Charles, 185
mimicry, 303
Minchin, J. G. C., 35
Min Guan-sik, 284
Misaka, Wataru, 465
Mishima Yahiko, 276
mnemonic density, 381–84
modernity and modernization. See also industrialization; modern sport
and evolution of sport, 73
Guttmann and, 134–35
impact of, 65–66
and liberal project, 66–67
racemaking and, 461
sport history in scholarship on, 62–63
stadiums as imprint of, 63
modern sport, 7–8. See also early modern sport
change in, 79
characteristics of, 134
history of, 62–63
industrialization as driver of, 132–33
and urbanization, 8, 154, 159
Mohanty, Chandra Talpade, 451
monastic approach to exercise, 51
Monnier, Henry, 186
Montague, James, 295
monuments honoring athletes, 519
Moon Over Samarqand (Qandil), 296
Moore, Michael Scott, 229
More than a Game (Hess and Stewart), 380
More than Belief: A Materialist Theory of Religion (Vasquez), 501
Mormons, 495
Mortal Engines: The Science of Performance and the Dehumanization of Sport (Hoberman), 420
movies. See film
Mulford, Frederick, 191
Mulier, Pim, 187
multinational competition, 483–85
multinational corporations, 398, 486
Munslow, Alun, 445
muscular Christianity, 69, 207, 274, 278, 494–95, 529
Muscular Christianity (Ladd and Mathiesen), 500
Muscular Christianity: Manhood and Sports in Protestant America, 1880–1920 (Putney), 494
museums, 520–21
“Muslim” football clubs, 175–76
Muslim Women and Sport (Benn, et al.), 297
Muybridge, Eadweard, 514–15
Nam Sung-ying, 280
Nandy, Ashis, 260
Nastase, Ilie, 326
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, 520
National Basketball Association (NBA), 218
National Hockey League (NHL), 325
national identity, 477–86
nationalism and national belonging
and diffusion of sport in Latin America, 363
Indian, 258
Korean, 279–80
sportive, 34–41, 152
stadiums and, 63–64
urban sport and, 151
National Olympic Committee(s) (NOC), 306, 307, 313, 401–2
Growth by Region, 1980–2010, 400t
National Police Gazette, 162
National Sports of Great Britain, The (Alken), 106
National Wushu Association, 251–52
nation-state, and national identity, 478–80
Nauright, John, 381
Navratilova, Martina, 329, 532–33
(p. 554) Nazi regime, 31–33
Neely, Peter, 227
Negro National League, 201, 202, 203, 368–69, 462–63
Nehru, Jawaharlal, 217
Netherlands, 187
Neubauer, Deane, 396, 397, 407
New Historicism, 81
New York, 164
New Zealand, 191–92, 214, 308. See also Australasia
Nigeria, 191
Nippon Professional Baseball Association, 207
Nobiling, Hans, 189
Noman, Oman, 264
Norfolk, Thomas Howard, Fourth Duke of, 119
North American Society for Sport History (NASSH), 1
North Asia, 273–74. See also Japan; Korea
diffusion of Western sports in Japan, 274–77
new sport regimes after World War II, 281–85
origins of sport in Korea, 277–81
North Korea, 283, 284
northwest Europe, 331–43. See also France; Germany; Great Britain
Novak, Michael, 496–97, 498
Oakland Raiders, 438
Oda Mikio, 277
O God of the Players (Byrne), 495, 503
oil wrestling, 291
Okay, Cuneyd, 294–95
Olympia, 85
Olympia, 168, 512, 517, 531
Olympic Games
African participation in, 306–7, 313
ancient, 92–93
Barcelona, 1992, 354, 356
baseball in, 208–9
Beijing, 2008, 241, 245, 250–51, 407
Berlin, 1936, 31–33, 168, 337, 484, 512, 517
creation of, 6, 243
diffusion of football and, 192
Egyptian participation in, 290
globalization and, 9–10, 395–96, 407–9
held in East Asia, 285
Helsinki, 1952, 283
and internationalization of African sport, 305
Japanese participation in, 276, 277
Korean participation in, 279–80
London, 1948, 282–83
martial arts in, 252–53
medals as pro-US propaganda, 34–35
Montreal, 1976, 285
and national identity, 480, 483–84
prolympism, 309
revenue from televised broadcasts, 398–401, 407–8, 412nn43, 45
revival of, 349–50
Rome, 1960, 511–13
Russian participation in, 320
Salt Lake City scandal, 403, 407
South Asian sporting histories, 265–68
Soviet participation in, 322–24
and sport media, 166
Tokyo, 1964, 398, 517
Tokyo relinquishes right to host 1940, 280
Olympic Partners, The, 401, 402
Olympic Program, The, 401, 402
One-Eyed (Booth and Tatz), 380
Ormrod, Joan, 230
Oryx, Douala, 307
Osborne, Carol, 452
Osmond, Gary, 232–33, 234
Otto, Rudolph, 498–99
Outline of a Theory of Practice (Bourdieu), 46
Overman, Steven, 17
ownership of sports teams, 439
Oxford Companion to Australian Sport, 380, 382
Paats, William, 189
Pacific Rim, 206–9
Packer, Kerry, 215
Pai Chai Hak Dang, 278, 279
Paik, Wooyeal, 243
Pakistan, 263–64
Palestine, 295, 299
Pan-American Games, 367
(p. 555) Paradise of Sport (Cashman), 379–80
paraphernalia, 519–20
Paret, Benny “the Kid,” 533
Park, Roberta, 450, 454n9
Parratt, Catriona, 450–51
Parsi Cricket (Patel), 259
Parsi Cricket (Pavri), 259
particularism, 69–73
Paskowitz, Dorian “Doc,” 226–27
Pasquel, Jorge, 203–4, 205
Passion Play (Klugman), 386
Patel, J. M. Framjee, 259
Patel, Mankasji Kawasji, 259
Patrons, Players and the Crowd (Cashman), 260
Patuadi, Mansur Ali Khan, 216
Pavri, M. E., 259
Paxson, Frederic, 146
peasantry, medieval sport of, 105–6
pederasty, 525–26, 527
Pele, Abedi, 308
Peltzer, Otto, 533
Pentangular, 261, 262
People’s Republic of China, 246–47
Pérez, Louis A. Jr., 200, 201
periodos, 85
Perón, Eva, 367
Perón, Juan, 365
Pfister, Gertrud, 297
pharaohs, 288
Philip II, King, of Macedonia, 87
Phillips, Murray G., 383, 384, 385, 386, 511
philosophical/political/moral justification, 47, 48
photography, 164, 514–16
Piazza, Mike, 534
Picturegoer advertisement, 509
Pierce Egan’s Life in London and Sporting Guide, 160
ping pong, 247, 248
“Pinkster,” 493
Pinochet, Augusto, 365
Pistorius, Oscar, 36
Pittsburgh Courier, 465–66
Plato, 526
Pliny the Elder, 528
Poland, 188
political doctrine and sport, 29–41, 68–69, 290–91, 293–94
Pollard, Fritz, 462
polo, 292
Porter, Roy, 45
Porter, William T., 160
Portland, Rene, 532
Portugal. See Southern Europe
postcolonial studies, 302–3, 309, 311–12
post-ideological age, sport and political doctrine in, 29–41
postmodernism, 446, 448–49
poststructuralism, 49
Pound, Richard, 400, 407, 419
power, disciplinary, 50–52, 53
Powers-Beck, Jeffrey, 463
premodern sport, 5–6
Press, Irina, 511–14
Press, Tamara, 513
Price, Joseph, 470
Pringle, Richard, 30
print, and early modern sport, 113, 114. See also sport media
Professional Golfers’ Association, 139
professionalization of sport
versus amateurism, 166
class and, 433–36
in Latin America, 364
and liberal project, 67–69
and muscular Christianity, 529
particularism, 69–73
and rise of sports stars, 64–65, 165–66
and sport as industry, 139–40
prolympism, 309
Pronger, Brian, 532
Propertius, 528
Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Sport, The (Overman), 17
Protestants, 492, 493, 494
Ptolemaic royals, 87–88
public relations, 165–66
Puerto Rico, 177
pugilism. See boxing
Pulitzer, Joseph, 164
Puritanism, 115–16, 159, 492–93
Putin, Vladimir, 40
Putney, Clifford, 494
(p. 556) Qandil, Mohamed Al-Mansi, 296
qigong, 252
queer studies, 453
Quiksilver, 230
Raab, Alon, 297
race and racism, 461–71. See also ethnicity, and ancient sport
in Australasia, 384
in baseball, 200, 201–2, 203
and Berlin Olympic Games, 31–32
class and, 440
and competitive success, 71
and Cuban baseball, 368
and eastern European sport, 329
and football in Latin America, 364
and history of sport and religion, 493–94
and sexuality in sport, 530–31
and sport in Latin America, 364, 366–67
Racing Calendar, 159
radio, 165, 167–68, 439, 480
Rail, Geneviève, 53
railroads, 162
Rand, Mary, 513
Ranji, 260, 261
Ranjitsinhji, K. S., 260, 261
Ranjitsinhji, Prince, 174
rationality and rationalization, 16–17, 47, 48, 134
Real Madrid, 351, 352, 353
records, mania for, 134, 135
Recreativo de Huelva, 348
Red Sport International, 320
reformers, urban, 148
Reform Movement, 152–53
religion
approaches to, in religious studies, 496–500
and early modern sport, 115–16
and football in Middle East, 298
and sport in United States and Britain, 491–503
and sport through embodiment, 501–3
Renaissance, 113–14, 117, 121–22
Ren Hai, 242–43
Renneker, Mark, 234
Representing the Sporting Past in Museums and Halls of Fame (Phillips), 386
Revue des deux mondes (Jusserand), 107
Richards, Sir Viv, 467
Rickard, Tex, 165–66
Rickey, Branch, 466, 517–18
Riefenstahl, Leni, 68, 168, 512, 517, 531
Rielly, Derek, 230
Riess, Steven, 147, 148, 150, 151
Rigby, Peter, 230
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 406
Riordan, James, 326–27
riots, 437
Ritual to Record (Guttmann), 79
River Plate, 437–38
Roberts, Michael, 264
Robinson, Jackie, 466, 517–18
Roche, Maurice, 497
Rodriguez, Luis Orlando, 204
Rogan, Eugene, 294
Rogge, Jacques, 403–4, 406, 407–8
Rolph-Trouillot, Michel, 56
Roman Catholic Church, 491–92, 502
Roman Empire
ancient sport and ethnicity in, 83
breakdown of, 102–3
Christianization of, 502
as cradle of sport, 6
gladiators, 89, 90–91, 103, 528
Greek sport at, 91–92
mass spectatorship in, 92
Olympia under, 92–93
and sexuality in sport, 527–28
spectacles in, 88–89, 103
sport facilities in, 89–90
sport scholarship on, 80
Romania, 326
Rong Guotuan, 247, 248
Roosevelt, Theodore, 165
Rose, Gillian, 511
Rose, Jalen, 440
Rose, Ralph, 484
Rothman, Makua, 232
Roubal, Petr, 529
Ruck, Rob, 176, 177, 310
rugby, 72, 275, 308, 382, 431
(p. 557) Ruhl, Joachim, 118
Ruíz Ferry, Ricardo, 351
rules, development of, 118–19
Russia, 40, 319–30, 437, 438. See also Soviet Union
Ruth, Babe, 165, 167, 207
Said, Edward, 293–94
Samaranch, Juan Antonio, 395–96, 398, 399–403, 407, 416–17, 420
Sandiford, Keith A. P., 214
Sansone, D., 83
Santana, Pedro Julio, 202
Sartre, Jean Paul, 46
satellite technology, 398–99
Saturday Afternoon Fever (Stoddart), 379
Scaino, Antonio, 118
Scandinavia, 103, 133
Scanlon, Thomas, 526, 536
Scott, Joan, 334, 449, 452, 453
“second wave” feminism, 55
Second World War, 416
segregation. See also apartheid
in baseball, 200, 202, 203, 462–63
and sexuality in sport, 530
in United States, 462, 465–67
Serious Fun: A History of Spectator Sports in the USSR (Edelman), 326–27
sexuality, 10–11, 525–36
Shaheen, Jack, 294
Shaheen, Saif Saeed, 486
shared events, 479
Shaw, Duncan, 352
Shchelkanova, Tatyana, 513
Shearer, Alan, 519
Shearer, David, 230
Shilling, Chris, 56
Shimizu, Sayuri Guthrie, 207, 208
Silberer, Viktor, 163
Sillars, Jim, 486
Sillitoe, Alan, 486
Simmons, Bob, 226
Simpson, Mark, 535
Sinclair, Keith, 383 678, 296
ski, 520
Skillen, Fiona, 452
Slovenia, 479
Smith, Anthony, 479
Smith, Bonnie, 447, 451
Smith, Earl, 470
Smith, Herbert, 434
soccer. See football
Soccer in the Middle East (Raab and Khalidi), 297
socialism, 436
social theory and sport, 15
applications, illustrations, and extensions of, 21–24
and Australasian sport scholarship, 386
distinctive characteristics of, 19–21
theoretical resources in sociological canon, 16–18
use, value, and larger implications of, 25–26
soft power, 4, 213, 214
Sokol movement, 321
Sonderweg, 333
Sondhi, Guru Dutt, 266, 267, 283
Soon Kee-chung, 280
Sorabjee, Shapoorjee, 259
South Africa, 214, 215–16, 308, 467, 468–69
South Asia. See also India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
future of sport scholarship, 269
histories of cricket in, 259–64
histories of football in, 268–69
Olympic sporting histories of, 265–68
as sport-development site, 257–59
Southern Europe, 347–57
Soviet Union. See also Russia
and Chinese sport, 247
collapse of, 324–25
doping in, 417–18
football in, 321–23
industrialization and sport in, 133
and national identity, 484
Olympic performance, 283
professionalization of sport in, 436
and sport and political doctrine, 32–33
sport in, 320
Spalding, Albert Goodwill, 138, 197–200, 201, 485, 529
Sparta, 86, 526–27
Spartakiad, 320
Spartak Moscow: A History of the People’s Team in the Workers’ State (Edelman), 327
specialization, 134
spectacology, 82
spectatorship. See also mass-spectator sport
commercialization of sport and, 135–36
costumes, 519–20
technology and expansion of, 439
Spencer, Herbert, 35
Spensley, James, 186
Spirit of the Times, 160
sponsorship, 164–65
Le Sport, 160
Sport, Politics and Society in the Arab World (Amara), 297
Sport and Political Ideology (Hoberman), 30
sport development, sites of
China, 241–53
North Asia, 273–85
South Asia, 257–69
Sportfive, 407
sport history
as developing field, 5
emergence of, 1–2
first wave of, 7
in mainstream history, 61–62
shift in, 3
Sport in Australasian Society (Mangan and Nauright), 381
Sporting Chronicle, 163
sporting equipment manufacturing and sales, 138
Sporting Life, 163
Sporting Magazine, The, 159–60
sporting rules, development of, 118–19
Sporting Traditions, 379, 386
Sport in Modern Europe Project (2010), 4
Sport in Soviet Society (Riordan), 326
Sportintern, 320
sportive nationalism, 34–41
sport media, 159–69
and diffusion of cricket, 216, 217, 218
and early development of commercial sport, 149
and Middle Eastern sport, 294, 296–97
and national identity, 480–81
in nineteenth-century Britain, 137–38
proliferation of, 65
sport merchandise, 519–20
sport museums, 520–21
sport paraphernalia, 519–20
Sports and Pastimes of the People of England, The (Strutt), 106
Les sports et jeux d’exercise dans l’ancienne France (Jusserand), 107
Sports in Zion: Mormon Recreation, 1890–1940 (Kimball), 495
sports magazines, 162–63
Sportsman, 163
sportsmanship, 71
sports stars
and effort to uphold amateurism, 70
rise of, 64–65, 165–66
Sri Lanka, 215, 264
stadiums
as imprint of modernity and community, 63–64
in Japan, 276
in Southern Europe, 353–54
as spaces of contestation and accommodation, 70
and urbanization and commercialization of sport, 149, 150
as venues for political expression and interaction, 71–72
Staffieri, Pip, 226
Stakhanovite movement, 436
Stanford, Allen, 219
Steinberg, Leigh, 535
Stell, Marion, 379
Stephen, Matthew, 384
Stewart, Bob, 380
St. Louis, Brett, 470
Stoddart, Brian, 214, 379
Strange, Frederick W., 275
Stranger, Mark, 231
Stray Thoughts on Indian Cricket (Patel), 259
structuralism, 46–48, 49
(p. 559) Struna, Nancy, 448
Strutt, Joseph, 106, 114
Stubbes, Philip, 116
subjectivity, 46–47, 49
Sukarno, 248, 266, 267
Sulla, 527
Summit Series, 324
Sunday sports, 115, 116, 119
surfing, 225–35
Switzerland, 40
Sykes-Pico agreement, 291
symbolic interactionism, 18
Symons, Caroline, 384
Syncom III satellite, 398
Szymanski, Stefan, 135, 334–35
table tennis, 247, 248
taekwondo, 251
Taiwan, 207, 208, 247–49
Tanjung, Rizal, 232
Tatz, Colin, 379, 380
taverns, and development of commercialized sport, 148
Taylor, Marshall “Major,” 462
teachers, and diffusion of football, 184, 187, 189
team chemistry, 434
team ownership, 439
technology/technologies. See also radio; television
and diffusion of cricket, 216, 217, 218
and expansion of spectatorship, 439
Foucault’s outline of interrelated, 52
and growth of modern sport, 8
and sport media, 162, 165, 167
telegraph, 162
television
and diffusion of cricket, 217, 218
and football in northwest Europe, 341
and national identity, 480–81
revenue from Olympic broadcasts, 398–401, 407–8, 412nn43, 45
spectatorship and fandom and, 439
sports broadcast over, 168–69
tennis
cost of development in, 437
in early modern Europe, 122
eastern European participation in, 326, 328
and sexuality in sport, 531, 532–33
in Spain, 354–55
US Lawn Tennis Association (USLTA), 167
Terauchi Masatake, 278–79
Test cricket, 214–16, 222
Thabit, Yasser, 297
Theognis, 525
Thing, Edward, 11
This Sporting Life, 433
Thomas, John, 33, 34
Thomas, Keith, 115
Thomas, Raymond, 132
Thompson, E. P., 231
Thring, Edward, 529
Tilden, Bill, 167, 533
Tiyu Shi [History of Physical Education] (Xu), 242
Todd, Terry, 416
Tokyo Big-6 baseball, 275
Tokyo Olympiad, 517
Tom Brown’s Schooldays (Hughes), 69
Tomlinson, Alan, 118, 133, 134–35
totalitarian regimes, 30–33
Tour de France, 480, 483
tournaments, medieval, 104–5, 528
Toy, Alma Adelaide, 530
trade, and diffusion of sport, 190
tradition historicity, 65–66
transportation, 162
Tranter, Neil, 134
Trinidad, 432
Trujillo, Rafael, 369
Tsuruta Hiroyuki, 277
Turin Gymnastic Society, 348
Turkey, 289, 291, 294–95
Turnen, 529
Twain, Mark, 197
Tweed, David, 486
Twenty Two Yards to Freedom: A Social History of Indian Cricket (Majumdar), 261
Uche, Eucharia, 533
Ueberroth, Peter, 400, 403
Ultras Ahlawi, 293
Ultras White Knights, 293
(p. 560) undokai (Field Day), 275
UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for Physical Education, 248
Ungerleider, Steven, 417
Unholy Alliance: The Sacred in Modern Sports, An (Higgs and Braswell), 499–500
Union des Sociétés Françaises des Sports Athlétiques, 482
unions, 434–35
United Nations, 305
United States
anti-doping and, 39, 418
athletic reputation of, 34–35
baseball and national identity of, 485
and Cuban baseball, 200–202
and diffusion of sport, 176–77, 197–99
history of sport and religion in, 491–503
industrial workplace sport in, 140–41
integration in, 465–67
and Japanese baseball, 207–8
MLB baseball monopoly in, 203–5
occupation of Japan and South Korea, 280–81
race and sexuality in sport in, 530–31
racial exclusion in, 462–63
sport and urban citizenship in, 151, 152, 153
sport as industry in, 138
sport in northwest Europe versus, 332
sport media in, 159, 160, 161–63, 164–67, 168–69
urbanization in, 146
United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), 37
University of Michigan’s “Fab Five,” 434, 440
urban citizenship, 150–53
urbanization, 145–46
and commercialization of sport, 149–50
and diffusion of sport in Japan, 275–76
globalization and, 397
immigration/migration and urban sport, 151–52
industrialization and commercialization of sport and, 135–36
and modern sport, 8, 154, 159
physical activity, health, and urban citizenship, 152–53
sport as producer of, 147
sport as product of, 146–47
and sport from 1800 to 1870, 147–48
and sport from 1870 to 1940, 148
and sport media, 161
urban paradigm, 147
urban reformers, 148
Uruguay, 364
US Lawn Tennis Association (USLTA), 167
USSR. See Soviet Union
utilitarian ideology of sport, 36–37
Valeria, 527
Valiotis, Chris, 263
van Bottenburg, Maarten, 335–36
Vargas, Gétulio, 480
Varzesh-e Bastani, 291
Vasquez, Manuel A., 501
Venezuela, 202
Vernon, G. F., 263
Vertinsky, Patricia, 53
Vigarello, Georges, 53
Villa Mon Repos, 520
visuality, 385
visual turn in sports history, 164, 385, 509–10
film, 516–18
fine arts, 518–19
and mass culture, 519–20
photography, 164, 514–16
significance of, 510–14
sport museums, 519–20
volata, 482, 484
Voy, Robert, 419
Wagg, Stephen, 294
Wahid sifr (One-Zero), 296
Wales, 103
Walker, Isaiah, 234
war and war-related sporting pursuits, 6, 104
Warshaw, Matt, 231–32, 234
Washington, Kenny, 465
Weber, Max, 16–17
Welldon, J. E. C., 35
(p. 561) West, Claude, 226
West Asia Games, 283
West Indies, 467
Wheble, John, 159–60
When Friday Comes: Football in the War Zone (Montague), 295
Wiggins, David, 466
Wilkes, George, 162
Williams, Raymond, 2
Williams, Serena, 441, 469
Wills, Tom, 383
Winkfield, James, 462
wireless radio, 165, 167–68
With God on Their Side: Sport in the Service of Religion (Magladinski and Chandler), 500
Witkin, Richard, 398
Wolfensohn, James, 413n52
Wolstenholme, Kenneth, 481
women. See also gender
and Chinese sport, 249
and early modern sport, 124
and eastern European sport, 329
female sport in Greece, 87, 88
football and Iranian, 500
and history of sport and religion, 493–94, 495
and Middle Eastern sport, 289, 292–93, 298, 299
and North Asian postwar education reform, 281–82
postcolonial studies and, 309
and sexuality in sport, 526–27, 528, 529, 532–33, 535–36
and sport as marker of inclusion, 71
as sport historians, 447–48
and sport in Latin America, 366–67
in sport media, 166
Women’s Awakening Movement, 292–93
Woodward, Kath, 56
Wooley, Monroe, 462
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), 37–38, 418, 419, 420
World Baseball Classic, 209
World Cup, 192, 307–8, 321, 323, 325, 365, 370n1, 479–81
World Martial Arts and Combat Sports Games, 253
World Series Cricket, 215
world village theory, 309
World War I, 165
World War II, 416
Worth, Robert, 233
wrestling, 291
Wright, Harry, 198
Wunder von Bern, Das, 479
Wu Shaozu, 252
wushu, 251–53
Xenophon, 288
Xu Yibing, 242
Yan Jong-mo, 285
Yazi Tura, 296
YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association), 244–45, 274, 278–79
Yomiuri Shimbun, 165
Young, Christopher, 118, 133, 134–35, 452
Youth Olympics, 406
Yugoslavia, 321, 322, 324–25, 355
Zamelek, 290–91, 298
Zappas, Evanghelos, 349
Zeiler, Thomas, 198
Zerubavel, Eviatar, 381
Zeus, festival of, 85
Zhongguo Tiyu Shi [History of Chinese Physical Culture] (Guo), 242
Zhou Enlai, 268
Zhou rights, 243
Zimbabwe, 215, 216
Zimmerman, Herbert, 479
Zinner, Shaul, 227
ZoSea Media, 231
Zurkhaneh, 291