- The Oxford Handbook of American Indian History
- America in 1492
- European Invasions and Early Settlement, 1500–1680
- Living in a Reordered World, 1680–1763
- The Age of Imperial Expansion, 1763–1821
- US Expansion and Its Consequences, 1815–1890
- Surviving in the Twentieth Century, 1890–1960
- The Indian Renaissance, 1960–2000: Stumbling to Victory, or Anecdotes of Persistence?
- Contemporary History: Native America in the Twenty-First Century
- The Great Lakes
- The Southwest
- The Plains
- The Pacific Northwest
- The South
- The Atlantic Northeast
- Indian Territory and Oklahoma
- The Great Basin
- Gender, Sexuality, and Family History: Naynaabeak’s Fishing Net
- Population, Health, and Public Welfare
- Native American Expressive Arts
- Collectors and Museums: From Cabinets of Curiosities to Indigenous Cultural Centers
- Indians in the Marketplace
- Intellectual History
- Treaties and Treaty Making
- Urban Native Histories
- American Indians in Popular Culture
- American Indians in World History
Abstract and Keywords
The experience of Native people in the Great Lakes region is crucial to understanding the larger history of American Indians. The region was (and remains) a microcosm of the experiences of Native peoples in North America. Most major issues in American Indian history either originated in the Great Lakes or have had a corresponding impact, including removal, military conflict, allotment, termination, challenges of urban life, Indian activism, treaty rights, and economic development via gaming. This chapter reviews those events and topics while exploring the central and critical role that relationships have played in the lives and experiences of Native people in the Great Lakes.
Keywords: fur trade, Miami removal, Sandy Lake tragedy, Dakota War, White Earth reservation, Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial School, Menominee termination, American Indian Movement, Voigt decision, Mystic Lake Casino
Jill Doerfler (White Earth Anishinaabe) is an associate professor of American Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota, Duluth. She is the author of Those Who Belong: Identity, Family, Blood, and Citizenship Among the White Earth Anishinaabeg (2015).
Erik M. Redix (Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwe) is an assistant professor of American Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota, Duluth. He is the author of The Murder of Joe White: Ojibwe Leadership and Colonialism (2014). His teaching and research interests include Ojibwe language and its role in understanding the history and legal status of the Lake Superior Ojibwe.
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