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date: 20 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The migration of large numbers of working-class Italians to Argentina during the nineteenth century helped to make Buenos Aires the largest and most important anarchist community in the world by the 1890s. This chapter compares the cooperative efforts of the Italian and Argentine governments and police forces to monitor this migration, to restrict anarchists’ mobility by denying them entry into the respective countries, and to detect and prevent incipient acts of violence. The success and failure of these efforts had a significant influence on national counterterrorism policies: the liberal Italian policy effectively curtailed anarchists and workers’ violence in the short run, while the overreaction of the Argentine government was a crucial factor in provoking a previously moderate anarchist community toward the use of violence.

Keywords: anarchists, terrorism, counterterrorism, migration, Italy, Argentina, police, Buenos Aires

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