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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

For many years nuclear power has been offered by many, including a large number of environmentalists, as a sustainable energy source. Nuclear energy has been touted as a safe, clean, renewable source of energy that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions, especially CO2, while generating enough energy to meet the needs of industry and a growing urban population. Moreover, the issue of what to do with nuclear waste was even countered because of new technological advancements that will enable the recycling and reprocessing of waste. However, the dialogue on nuclear power changed significantly when the Great Tohoku-Kanto earthquake struck Japan on March 11, 2011. The disaster that occurred created a global discussion on nuclear energy. Both proponents and opponents of nuclear power made their case. However, neither group considered the CO2 emissions from warmer water temperatures from nuclear power or the global supplies of uranium. This chapter examines several fundamental issues associated with nuclear power generation plants with a particular focus on the case of Japan.

Keywords: ecological economics, energy economics, Japan, nuclear power, sustainability

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