- Consulting Editors
- List of Contributors
- The Macroeconomics of Global Warming
- Improving Climate Projections to Better Inform Climate Risk Management
- Energy Balance Climate Models, Damage Reservoirs, and The Time Profile of Climate Change Policy
- Economics of Environmental Regime Shifts
- Policy Scenarios in a Model of Optimal Economic Growth and Climate Change
- Adaptive Model-Predictive Climate Policies in a Multicountry Setting
- Prospects of Tools from Differential Games in the Study of Macroeconomics of Climate Change
- Fairness in Climate Negotiations: A Meta-Game Analysis Based on Community Integrated Assessment
- Climate Change and Second-Best Abatement in a Multiregion World with Endogenous Growth
- Global Warming and R&D-Based Growth in a Trade Model between Environmentally Sensitive and Environmentally Neglectful Countries
- Climate Change and Intergenerational Well-Being
- The Atmosphere as a Global Commons
- The Social Cost of Carbon
- Climate-Friendly Technological Change for Developing Countries
- Renewable Energy: Models, Implications, and Prospects
- Emission Trading Systems and Technological Innovation: A Random Matching Model
- The Reality of Nuclear Power: The Fukushima Experience and Its Impact
- Forecast-Based Pricing of Weather Derivatives
- Employment and Output Effects of Climate Policies
- Macroeconomic Effects of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policies with a Focus on Germany
- Stabilization of Earth’s Climate in the 21st Century by the Stabilization of Per Capita Consumption
- Does the Kyoto Protocol Intensify Carbon Leakage to China?
- Climate Thresholds, Weather Extremes, and Catastrophic Losses
- Climate Impacts on Agriculture: A Challenge to Complacency?
- The Legal Framework of Global Environment Governance on Climate Change: A Critical Survey
- Environment and Development Challenges: The Imperative of a Carbon Fee and Dividend
- The Need for Sustainable Development and a Carbon Market: Avoiding Extinction
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
After initially and unavoidably raising welfare, more pronounced climate change would by the end of the 21st century lead to a net annual loss, equivalent to the loss of a few percent of income. The uncertainty is large, and the distribution uneven. The uncertainty about the marginal impact is large too, and compounded by disagreement on how to aggregate impacts over time, across people, and over possible states of the world. For common values, the 2010 Pigou tax is 34 dollar per tonne of carbon, rising at 2.1% per year. This would reduce emissions, but not by nearly as much as the declared policy goals.
Richard S. J. Tol, Professor, Department of Economics, University of Sussex, Institute for Environmental studies and Department of Spatial Economics, Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands.
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