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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Believers may appropriate apocalyptic texts to justify committing violence, whether in the name of God, empire-building, or revolution. The radical dualism of apocalypticism predisposes believers to subject themselves to violence and/or carry out violence. This chapter examines the relationship between apocalyptic literature and violence. It considers violent themes in the book of Revelation, the Qur’an, early Islam, and Christian Dispensationalism. It also discusses the dynamics of millennial groups involved in violence and their use of apocalyptic texts, including the Münster Anabaptists in Germany, the Branch Davidians, National Socialism, and the international Jihadist movement.

Keywords: violence, apocalypticism, apocalyptic literature, Revelation, Qur’an, millennialism, Islam, Christian Dispensationalism, Anabaptists, Branch Davidians

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