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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Toward the end of the period associated with the Old Testament / Hebrew Bible, Jewish scribes began to compose apocalyptic literature. Before the Jewish apocalypse appeared as a new and distinct genre of writing in Israel’s literary scene, much of what would become the Bible had already been written. The Torah, the first part of the Jewish Bible, emerged as a central element of the Jewish faith. This chapter considers whether the Torah played a significant role in early Jewish apocalypses and how authors of apocalyptic literature found different ways of working the Torah into their texts, specifically in the cases of 1 Enoch, 4 Ezra, and 2 Baruch.

Keywords: apocalyptic literature, apocalypse, Israel, Torah, Jewish Bible, Judaism, 4 Ezra, 2 Baruch

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