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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the practical implications of belief in the near approach of the eschatological end for early Jews and Christians and the difference it made for ethics and everyday life. It considers how the apocalypse presupposes and reinforces common, widespread moral ideals, and how depictions of the last judgment can reinforce desired behavior as well as promote specific ethical teaching. It also discusses early Christianity according to Acts, focusing on apocalyptic celibacy, physical austerity, missionary urgency, the conversion of the Gentiles, Jerusalem, apocalyptic egalitarianism, and the link between eschatology and violence.

Keywords: Jews, Christians, ethics, apocalypse, moral ideals, last judgment, behavior, Christianity, Acts, eschatology

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