- List of Contributors
- What Is Apocalyptic Literature?
- Apocalyptic Prophecy
- The Inheritance of Prophecy in Apocalypse
- Wisdom and Apocalypticism
- Scriptural Interpretation in Early Jewish Apocalypses
- Apocalyptic Literature and the Study of Early Jewish Mysticism
- Dreams and Visions in Early Jewish and Early Christian Apocalypses and Apocalypticism
- Social-Scientific Approaches to Apocalyptic Literature
- Jewish Apocalyptic Literature as Resistance Literature
- Apocalypse and Empire
- A Postcolonial Reading of Apocalyptic Literature
- The Rhetoric of Jewish Apocalyptic Literature
- Early Christian Apocalyptic Rhetoric
- Deconstructing Apocalyptic Literalist Allegory
- Apocalyptic Determinism
- Apocalyptic Dualism
- Apocalyptic Ethics and Behavior
- Apocalypse and Torah in Ancient Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Christian Origins
- Descents to Hell and Ascents to Heaven in Apocalyptic Literature
- Apocalypses among Gnostics and Manichaeans
- The Imagined World of the Apocalypses
- Messianism as a Political Power in Contemporary Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Radicalism
- Apocalypse and Violence
- Apocalypticism in Contemporary Christianity
- Apocalypse and Trauma
- Apocalypticism and Popular Culture
- Scriptural and Ancient Texts
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines two interrelated theses that influence the way scholars interpret the transition from prophecy to apocalypse: the genre thesis and the chronological thesis. The genre thesis posits that prophecy and apocalypse are distinct genres of ancient Jewish literature, while the chronological thesis argues that apocalypse increasingly flourished following the demise of prophecy. After explaining each of these theses, the article considers how each is related to the other. It also discusses reasons for revising the chronological thesis and the implications of this revision for the genre thesis. In addition, it looks at pluriformity and challenges to the chronological thesis in the context of the revolution, brought about by study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, as well as the connection between Jubilees and apocalypse. Finally, it focuses on two examples of apocalyptic literature, Daniel 7–12 and 4Ezra.
Hindy Najman is Associate Professor of Ancient Judaism in the Department of Religious Studies at Yale. Her books include Seconding Sinai and Recovering the Future: An Analysis of 4 Ezra.
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