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date: 27 October 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on environmental offenses and policy within the United States with particular emphasis on legal approaches in other countries. It describes types and patterns of environmental lawbreaking by business organizations and analyses some of the data and measurement issues that perplex and challenge researchers. It explores individual, organizational, and structural explanations for environmental crime and examines national and international policies for regulating the environmental behaviors of business. Constraints on policy that shape environmental outcomes are also discussed. It concludes with a consideration of the implications of these findings for both future research and public policy. Future research should seek to assess, which combination of persuasion, inducement, and compulsion devices contribute most to industrial and state commitments to environmental protection.

Keywords: environmental lawbreaking, policies, environmental crime, behavior, protection

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