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date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter investigates the evolution of three prevailing epistemological fields of thought in the twentieth and early twenty-first-century: positivism, structuralism, and post-structuralism. Educational psychologist Jerome Bruner’s career-long interest in the mind and his changing attitudes and interests in knowledge and knowledge-making serve as an explicative for the changes that have taken place. A point is emphasized throughout: beliefs about knowledge and the mind shape and inform the questions researchers ask and the methods of investigation researchers choose to employ. Exemplifying this point, the chapter embraces a vision of research that is congruent with the diversity and fragmentation of contemporary society and alternative ways of knowing and being.

Keywords: Jerome Bruner, behaviorism, culture, epistemology, knowledge, mind, narrative research, positivism, postmodernism, post-structuralism, structuralism

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