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date: 20 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This essay discusses the role of race and ethnicity in policing practices and in citizens’ perceptions and personal experiences of the police, focusing on the United States. Historical patterns are summarized and several theoretical perspectives are discussed, theories that have or could be used to deepen understanding of the relationship between race and policing. Although most research has focused on comparisons of blacks and whites or the neighborhoods in which they reside, the essay covers other groups as well (e.g., Hispanics, Asians, and Arab Americans), based on the available research. The essay concludes with a discussion of some of the areas in which much more research is needed.

Keywords: citizen perceptions, experiences with police, police practices, neighborhoods

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