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date: 20 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This essay discusses community policing: what it is, why it became so popular in the late twentieth century, difficulties in its implementation, evidence on its effectiveness, and future prospects. Community policing clearly became the dominant policing paradigm in the 1990s, not only in the United States but throughout much of the rest of the world. Perhaps not surprisingly, since it is billed as “a philosophy, not a program,” separating the reality of community policing from its rhetoric has been an ongoing challenge. Early in the current century, the ascendance of community policing was interrupted by the events of 9/11. Since then, community policing has competed with the war on terror, homeland security, and intelligence-led policing for strategic prominence, and most recently has suffered during the Great Recession.

Keywords: community policing, problem solving, police-community relations, foot patrol, broken windows, police legitimacy

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