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date: 20 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Policing in Central and Eastern Europe changed dramatically during the twentieth century. Prior to World War II, police organizations in this part of the world were heavily influenced by their Western European counterparts, namely England and Napoleonic France. In the decades following World War II, police organizations transformed from militarized structures that supported totalitarian political systems into more democratic institutions focused on community policing. Recently, the number of private security firms has grown rapidly in this part of Europe. Contemporary police organizations across Central and Eastern Europe now focus energy on improving their legitimacy in the eyes of the public and providing security via transnational cooperation. As such initiatives continue, so too are efforts to make policing a more evidence-based social control activity. Moreover, the determination to strengthen educational standards for policing (including the beginnings of police science) is fundamentally changing the nature of policing. These educational and dissemination efforts, coupled with a surge of policing research, have elevated the status of police work in Central and Eastern Europe.

Keywords: policing, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, police science, European Union CHAPTER 28

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