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date: 18 September 2019

(p. ix) Figures

(p. ix) Figures

  1. 1.1. Ancient papyrus on the lightbox 9

  2. 1.2. Diagrams from Hendriks's original article 9

  3. 1.3. Papyrus made by Hendriks's peeling method 10

  4. 1.4. Papyrus made by H. Ragab 10

  5. 1.5. ʼAμμώνις ʼAμμωνίου (wooden label with its string intact) 12

  6. 1.6a–b. Letter written on a folded leaf tablet and a concertina tablet 13

  7. 1.7. Athenian ostracon 15

  8. 1.8. Ostracon in preparation from Mons Claudianus 16

  9. 1.9. Example of a shaped ostracon 16

  10. 1.10. Giant ostracon 17

  11. 1.11. Bookroll with calamus and inkwell and polyptych with stylus 19

  12. 1.12. Muse reading from a bookroll 20

  13. 1.13a–b. Drawings of bookroll and “rotulus” written “transversa charta” 22

  14. 1.14. Reconstruction of a polyptych from “Villa dei papyri” in Herculaneum 23

  15. 1.15. Reconstruction of roll from which the first four sheets for a codex were cut 25

  16. 2.1. Karanis 35

  17. 2.2. Papyrus fragments found at Oxyrhynchus 37

  18. 2.3. Rolls of papyrus found in doorway between rooms D and E of 5026 at Karanis 39

  19. 2.4. Cartonnage elements at Tebtynis 45

  20. 2.5. Crocodile mummies at Tebtynis 46

  21. 2.6. Babatha's archive before opening 51

  22. 2.7. Babatha's pouch, opened 52

  23. 2.8. A layer with ostraca in the garbage dump at Krokodilô 53

  24. 2.9. Oxyrhynchus 1902–1903 54

  25. 2.10. Didymoi 1999 54

  26. 4.1. Unrolling a pyrolized papyrus scroll without dampening 84

  27. 4.2. Conserving a mummy cartonnage, steps 1 and 2 89

  28. (p. x) 4.3. Conserving a mummy cartonnage, step 8 90

  29. 4.4. The conserved mummy cartonnage 91

  30. 4.5. Three carbonized rolls before conservation 93

  31. 4.6. Section of a loosely rolled Petra papyrus 94

  32. 4.7. An assembled plate of Petra papyri 95

  33. 5.1. PSI IV 325 104

  34. 5.2. PSI IV 383 106

  35. 5.3. P.Mil. Vogl. VII 307 107

  36. 5.4. P.Bad. II 3 108

  37. 5.5. BGU III 998 109

  38. 5.6. P.Oxy. VII 1061 110

  39. 5.7. P.Ryl. II 73 111

  40. 5.8. BGU I 197 112

  41. 5.9. P.Mur. 108 113

  42. 5.10. BKT V.2, 131–139 115

  43. 5.11. PSI XI 1214 116

  44. 5.12. PSI IX 1091 117

  45. 5.13. P.Lond.Lit. 134 118

  46. 5.14. P.Oxy. XXXI 2545 119

  47. 5.15. P.Flor. I 47 121

  48. 5.16. CPR I 32 122

  49. 5.17. P.Mur. 114 123

  50. 5.18. P.Yadin 18 124

  51. 5.19. P.Dura 23 125

  52. 5.20. P.Berol. inv. 11532 125

  53. 5.21. P.Oxy. VIII 1100 126

  54. 5.22. PSI V 446 127

  55. 5.23. The Hawara Homer 128

  56. 5.24. PSI IX 1086 130

  57. 5.25. PSI X 1164 131

  58. 5.26. PSI I 1 132

  59. 5.27. P.Oxy. I 26 133

  60. 5.28. PSI X 1169 134

  61. 5.29. P.Flor. III 389 134

  62. 5.30. PSI VI 729 137

  63. 5.31. P.Herc. 817 138

  64. (p. xi) 5.32. P.Vindob. inv. L 112 139

  65. 5.33. P.Grenf. II 110 140

  66. 5.34. P.Vindob. inv. L 31 143

  67. 5.35. P.Vindob. inv. L 90 144

  68. 7.1. List of symbols 176

  69. 9.1. P.Gen. inv. 500 205

  70. 10.1. Petaus practicing the phrase “I, Petaus, village scribe, have handed in” (Πεταῦς κωμογραμματεὺς ἐπιδέδωκα) 217

  71. 10.2a–c. Demotic archive of the funerary priest Teos and his wife, Thabis 220–222

  72. 10.3. Bilingual archive of Totoes, priest of Hathor 223

  73. 10.4. One book, two archives 224

  74. 10.5. Four fragments of a single petition by Dryton 225

  75. 10.6. “Cantina dei papiri” 228

  76. 10.7. Returned loan; the creditor canceled it by crosshatching the text 239

  77. 10.8. Language use in archives until 600 ce 242

  78. 10.9. Endorsement of estate manager Zenon 243

  79. 10.10. Roman tomos synkollêsimos (“pasted roll”) 244

  80. 11.1. MP 1233 (P.Lond.Lit. 132) 258

  81. 11.2. Anatomy of the bookroll 260

  82. 17.1. Memphite Serapeum papyrus (now in the Louvre) with Greek and Macedonian months written in Apollonios' hand, plus a demotic contract 413

  83. 18.1. Example of complete Pehlevi document 420

  84. 18.2. Literary papyri in Latin 422

  85. 18.3. Letter of recommendation from the rationalis Vitalis to the governor of Phoenicia 425

  86. 18.4. Report of proceedings before the comes Aegypti (P.Oxy. LXIII 4381, 375 ce) 426

  87. 18.5. Completion of the lawyer Justus in Greek and Latin letters 427

  88. 18.6. School exercise in hieratic writing with translation in Old Coptic 432

  89. 18.7. Quantitative comparison between Greek and Coptic documents 435

  90. 18.8. Coptic documents from the beginning until the Arab conquest 436

  91. 18.9. Greek letter by the anchorite Apa Johannes 438

  92. 18.10. First dated Coptic text 440

  93. 18.11. Beginning of a Coptic legal text (a release) with a Graeco-Arabic protocol 442

  94. 18.12. Example of Coptic and Greek graphic styles 443

  95. (p. xii) 21.1. Principal relatives of Kronion and Isidora 505

  96. 24.1. Pylon of the Edfu temple 562

  97. 24.2a–b. Two oracle questions, one positive and one negative 563

  98. 24.3. Bust of Sarapis 564

  99. 24.4. Theagoi carrying the mummified crocodile 566

  100. 24.5. Semtheus identified with Greek Herakles 567

  101. 24.6. Ground plan of the Edfu temple 569

  102. 24.7. Votive inscription found in Pisa, Italy 570

  103. 24.8. Ptolemy IV making an offering to the gods of Edfu, followed by Ptolemy III, II, and I with their queens, as synnaoi theoi 576

  104. 24.9. Egyptian Neith as Greek Athena, with her son, the sphinx god Tutu 578

  105. 24.10. Soknebtynis-Kronos and ithyphallic Min in Tebtynis 580

  106. 24.11. Horos cippus 585

  107. 25.1a–b. Bodl. MS. Gr. bibl. g. 5 (P), recto and verso 594

  108. 25.2. Chester Beatty Biblical Papyrus II (P46; third century) 597

  109. 25.3a. P.Amh. I 3 (Pierpont Morgan Library Pap. G. 3), recto 603

  110. 25.3b. P.Amh. I 3 (Pierpont Morgan Library Pap. G. 3), verso 604

  111. 26.1. Mani, drawing based on a wall fresco found at Khotscho, near Turfan 625

  112. 26.2. The Nag Hammadi codices in their original covers 627

  113. 26.3. Nag Hammadi Codex II, 28–29, Apocryphon of John 629

  114. 26.4. Cologne Mani codex (enlarged) 634

  115. 26.5. House 3 at Kellis 640

  116. 26.6. P.Kell.Copt. 25 641