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date: 16 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Natural language processing (NLP) is an important component of cognitive science. Not only is modeling human language capacity an independently motivated scientific pursuit, the prospect of endowing intelligent agents with human-level language processing capabilities has tantalized generations. It is curious, therefore, that most recent work in NLP does not address this goal, instead pursuing so-called “knowledge lean” methods along with applications that can succeed without the computation of meaning. However, against this empiricist backdrop, there are programs of work that seek not only to automate human-level language processing but to seamlessly incorporate it into the overall cognitive functioning of intelligent agents. This chapter describes the origins and development of the field of NLP, major research paradigms, research issues, and tasks. Whenever possible, issues relevant to cognitive modeling are emphasized.

Keywords: natural language processing, semantics, pragmatics, cognitive science, cognitive modeling

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