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date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Evolution is the scientific principle of organic life that has served as the basis for science fiction extrapolations since the emergence of the genre. The work of Charles Darwin also provided one of the primary vehicles through which Victorian assumptions about colonialism, race, and gender found their way into science fiction. Discussing the work of authors such as Philip Nowlan, Leslie F. Stone, C. L. Moore, and Octavia E. Butler, this chapter shows how Darwin’s assumptions about colonialism, race, and gender have been both accepted and contested by science fiction authors in ways that underscore how science fiction is inherently a Darwinist genre.

Keywords: evolution, science fiction, Charles Darwin, Darwinism, colonialism, gender, race, Leslie F. Stone, C. L. Moore, Octavia E. Butler

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