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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This essay provides a historical overview of the ways in which gender has influenced the criminal justice system’s responses to offending in Western societies. It discusses the factors that have interacted with gender (e.g., class, ethnicity, family status) to shape those responses across the seventeenth to the twenty-first century. In particular it provides an international focus on how the three main parts of the criminal justice system (policing, detection, and apprehension; prosecution and sentencing; and punishment and reformation) have together worked to produce gendered outcomes that have historical origins but long-lasting contemporary resonance.

Keywords: gender, policing, prosecution, sentencing, punishment, reformation

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