Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Language users seem skilled at adapting their language processing to changes in context. Although such adaptations may give the impression of perspective taking, other mechanisms could give rise to the same behavior. As a consequence, merely observing that a speaker produced an utterance that matched a listener’s informational needs, or that a listener interpreted an utterance in the manner a speaker intended, does not warrant the inference that any perspective taking actually occurred. This chapter reviews four “patterns of deception” that yield behaviors that look like perspective taking but that, on closer inspection, actually reflect simpler kinds of processing. These patterns are personified in four basic character types: the Double (egocentric projection), the Charlatan (attribute substitution), the Conspirator (independent processing by functionally encapsulated subsystems), and the Freeloader (interactive coordination). The existence of these alternative explanations suggests a need for greater caution in interpreting evidence from studies of dialogue.

Keywords: Language processing, psycholinguistics, perspective taking, pragmatics

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.