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date: 07 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Conversational hand and facial gestures are an integral part of language use in face-to-face dialogue. Extensive research shows that conversational hand gestures are tightly synchronized with words to demonstrate anything that can be represented (directly or metaphorically) as size, shape, position, or action and that they are highly sensitive to the immediate communicative context. Although research on conversational (nonemotional) facial gestures is much more limited, they, too, are precisely timed with words and context to demonstrate anything that can be represented by a facial configuration—whether in the past, present, or future and even hypothetical or metaphorical. Both hand and facial gestures can also function as collateral communication (meta-communication). This chapter includes theoretical, methodological, and technical requirements for studying these gestures in conversational interaction.

Keywords: Conversational hand gestures, conversational facial gestures, language use, dialogue, conversational interaction, collateral communication

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