Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

In keeping with its long-term pattern as a public-private welfare model, the United States has developed a patchwork of provisions to reconcile the tension between families' care needs and wage-earning. These include child care, after-school programs, and family and medical leave, as well as tax policy and public assistance. Public funding for child care targets poor and low-income families, linking services to mandatory employment for recipients of public assistance. Public after-school programs are also targeted to low-income children, offering remedial and compensatory services as well as supervision. This leaves middle-income families to find and pay for private preschool and after-school care, with the cost only partially offset by tax breaks. The U.S. stands out for its lack of support to families, being the only advanced industrial society that does not offer paid maternity or parental leave. The 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act mandates up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave and only a minority of firms exceed this by providing paid leave. As a result, take-up rates among low-income employees are low. Although many other advanced countries provide high-quality public preschool, there is less difference between them and the U.S. when it comes to care for school-age children.

Keywords: child care, after-school care, family leave, maternity leave, parental leave, Family and Medical Leave Act, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, public-private, welfare state

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.