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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the cultural contexts of the second-century ce Epicurean inscription of Diogenes of Oenoanda (discovered in a small city in Lycia). More than a handbook on Epicureanism, this Greek epigraphical text (6000 words of which survive) offers original expositions of Epicurean thought and includes a collection of Principal Doctrines that differs from the collection preserved by Diogenes Laertius. The inscription attests to the existence of a vibrant Epicurean community that was eager to share its outlook with newcomers, including non-Greeks and women. Strong indications of Diogenes’s engagement with the urban cultural phenomena of the first centuries of the Roman Empire include the monumentality of the inscription and its apparent competition with contemporary euergetism, and Diogenes’s critiques of dream interpretation and oracular prophecy.

Keywords: Diogenes Laertius, Diogenes of Oenoanda, dream interpretation, Epicurus, euergetism, inscription, oracular prophecy

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