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date: 26 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides a clinically informed review of the available methods for assessing individual differences in young children’s emotional reactivity and regulation. Self-report and informant report as well as behavioral observations are reviewed in terms of strengths and challenges. The authors highlight the advantages of a multimethod approach for assessing temperamental influences on important developmental outcomes, including emotion regulation. A multimethod approach may produce more reliable measures and, critically, can advance our understanding of the development of emotion regulation and psychopathology. For example, multimethod assessment approaches are more amenable to statistical approaches that can quantify the effects of context on relations between temperament, emotion regulation, and developmental outcomes. If a multimethod approach that combines informant report and behavioral assessment methods is not feasible, it is especially important to choose a questionnaire or behavioral episode that is thought to elicit the temperamental dimensions and emotion regulation skills that are particularly relevant for certain disorders.

Keywords: infant temperament, child temperament, assessment, emotion regulation, self-regulation

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