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date: 25 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter seeks to understand multicultural experiences by integrating literature from social cognition and cultural neuroscience. We start the chapter by defining culture and cultural processes. Then we discuss the differentiation between the multicultural mind (i.e., how an individual acquires and applies knowledge from multiple cultures and how the human mind is flexible in making use of multiple cultural knowledge systems as tools to navigate the social world) and the multicultural self (i.e., how an individual makes sense of multicultural influences on oneself and their implications for one’s identity). Empirical findings from cultural priming, neuroscience, and lay theory of race are discussed. We end the chapter with a discussion of how the human mind and sense of self may evolve with the exponential prevalence of multicultural contacts and mixing, and how genetic predispositions play a role in affecting individuals’ adaptation in an era of multicultural contacts and mixing.

Keywords: multiculturalism, identity, cultural priming, essentialism, gene

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