Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an overview of the relationship between multiculturalism and personal adjustment. For our present discussion, multiculturalism is conceptualized broadly as a multicultural orientation to life. Personal adjustment is defined from an evolutionary psychology perspective where individuals strive to adapt and adjust to life in an increasingly multicultural and globally interconnected world society. With regard to a multicultural orientation to life, this chapter focuses particularly on theories of multicultural personality and racial identity development, with added attention to recent advances in biculturalism. Concerning our focus on personal adjustment, our emphasis is on the spheres of mental health and psychological well-being, physical health, vocational (career) identity, and academic achievement. State-of-the-art theories of multicultural personality, racial identity, and biculturalism are described, and a review of research is provided. Specific directions for needed research are put forth and the use of expanded research methodologies, particularly qualitative and mixed methods designs, is advocated.
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