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date: 13 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter defines behavioral assessment and covers its historical developments over the last century. A review of the theoretical foundations of behavioral assessment is provided, including materialism, determinism, and contextualism. The chapter also discusses the methodological foundations of behavioral assessment, which are influenced by psychometric principles and a particular conceptualization of causation and functional relationships. Five general behavioral assessment methods are reviewed (behavioral observation, behavioral interviewing, behavior rating scales, psychophysiological measurements, performance tasks) and three specific applications of behavioral assessment methodologies (functional assessment, intervention evaluation, diagnostic classification) are discussed.

Keywords: assessment, behavioral assessment

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